Inca People of the Sun Civilization in the Clouds
Gate and arch. “Gateway of the Sun” at Tiwanako near Lake Titicaca. Inca neighbor.
Inca lived in the highlands of Peru. Empire reached further than any in New world and was as large as the Roman empire. Pachakuti Inca began series of conquests in 1440 AD leading to unified empire. When Pizzaro arrived in 1532 the Inca had just ended a long period of civil war. Inca cities were linked by extensive road networks. Surplus food was stored in special cities for times of scarcity. Inca notes
Inca hwy system longer than Roman. Covered 25,000 miles. Mail traveled faster than it does today.
Inca engineering included suspension bridges over deep crevasses and rivers. These bridges were designed as cable suspension spans and were made from grass. Following the roads, part of which was cut directly into moutain sides, goods from the coast coulfd reach Cuzco in the highlands in one day.
Playful rock carving to allow flow of sacred water. Such carvings are part of many Inca sites and especially at Machu Pichu.
Pachacuti inca Tupac Inca Huayana Inac Atahualpa Inca After conquest: Manko, Yupanqui
Quipu record keeping system. Relied on mathematics and mnemonics. A series of knots tied to various lengths of cord are used to record inventories, histories, tribute/taxes and key dates.
Mt fortress city Pisac Yupanqui Inca
Atahualpa Inca Pizzaro