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Cognitive Development
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Cognitive Development

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  1. Cognitive Development How do we learn to think & reason????

  2. Piaget’s Theory of Cognitive Development • Jean Piaget (1896-1980)

  3. Development of Schemas ASSIMILATION Schema- Framework that organizes information n

  4. Accommodation

  5. Sensorimotor Stage (birth – 2 yrs old) • Info is gained through the senses and motor actions • Child perceives and manipulates but does not reason

  6. Object Permanence • Objects exist independent of one’s actions or perceptions of them • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NjBh9ld_yIo

  7. Preoperational Stage (2-7 years) • Emergence of symbolic thought • Egocentrism- “ Does your sister have a sister” • http://bcs.worthpublishers.com/psychsim5/Cognitive%20Development/PsychSim_Shell.html • Lack the concept of conservation

  8. Conservation Tasks • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YtLEWVu815o • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7fO7U5qGAac&feature=youtu.be • ( south kids)

  9. Concrete Operational Stage (7-12 years) • Can Conserve Mass, Weight and Numbers • Less egocentric • Inability to reason abstractly or hypothetically • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=lw36PpYPPZM

  10. Formal Operational Stage (age 12 - adulthood) • Hypothetical-deductive reasoning • Pendulum Problem • Adolescent egocentrism

  11. Critique of Piaget’s Theory • Underestimates children’s abilities • Underestimates the role of the social environment • Lack of evidence for qualitatively different stages

  12. Heinz Dilemma Just Kidding… this has nothing to do with Ketchup….

  13. Lawrence Kohlberg's Moral Development Level 1 (Pre-Conventional) 1.Obedience and punishment orientation (How can I avoid punishment?) 2. Self-interest orientation (What's in it for me?)

  14. Levels cont… Level 2 (Conventional) 3. Interpersonal accord and conformity (Social norms) (The good boy/good girl attitude) 4. Authority and social-order maintaining orientation (Law and order morality)

  15. Levels Cont… Level 3 (Post-Conventional) 5. Social contract orientation 6.Universal ethical principles (Principled conscience)

  16. Wrap up & review In what stage of cognitive development do infant’s learn object permanence? 1) preoperational 2) formal operational 3) sensorimotor 4) conventional

  17. Continues… The ability to generate alternate hypotheses in order to explain a phenomenon demonstrates cognition in which of following Piagetian stages? 1) operational 2)abstract reasoning 3)formal operations 4) hypothetical operations

  18. And… Which of the following is the correct term for mental rule Piaget said we use to interpret our environment? 1)schema 2)assimilation 3)accommodation 4) hypothesis