WWI Fact File CHC 2D0 Mr. Tjanetis
Empire • When a state (country) extends its boundaries to areas where cultural, social or political views differ. • Usually, states develop empires as a means of expanding military influence.
Colony • A colony is a country (or state) that is under the control of another, more powerful, state. • Colonies are usually used to exploit resources.
Alliances • An alliance is an agreement among multiple states. • Alliances enforce the idea of "strength in numbers". When one alliance member is threatened, the entire alliance is threatened.
Triple Alliance • This was an alliance that was formed among Austria-Hungary, Germany and Italy in 1882. It lasted until the start of World War I.
Triple Entente • This was an alliance formed among Great Britain, France and Russia in 1907. • It was formed to counter the Triple Alliance, and the threat that it had created in Europe.
WORLD WAR ONE FIRSTS….. • First war to be fought on three continents . • First industrialised conflict. • First use of chlorine & mustard gas. • First use of the flame thrower. • First tank battle. • First use of mass airplanes. • First use of x-ray in the military. • First use of a blood bank. First use of guide dogs by blinded soldiers. • First four-star general, General John J. Pershing
WORLD WAR ONE FIRSTS.. • First use of trillion in estimating war costs. • First commissioning of war art for propaganda.