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Map Skills. Let’s learn the terms!. Map Terms. Map Terms. Compass Rose – used to find cardinal and intermediate directions on a map. It looks like this… Map Key – Used to show the symbols on a map. For Example:. Symbols. Map Terms.

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map skills

Map Skills

Let’s learn the terms!

map terms1
Map Terms
  • Compass Rose – used to find cardinal and intermediate directions on a map. It looks like this…
  • Map Key – Used to show the symbols on a map. For Example:

Symbols

map terms2
Map Terms
  • Cardinal Directions are North, South, East and West.
map terms3
Map Terms
  • Intermediate Directions are Northeast, Southeast, Southwest, Northwest.
map terms4
Map Terms
  • Map Scale – the unit of length on a map and the corresponding length on the ground. There are several kind of map scales.
map terms5
Map Terms
  • Types of Map Scales:
    • Verbal scale – Uses words to express the relationship between actual size of an area and its size as shown on a map.
map terms6
Map Terms
  • Types of Map Scales:
    • Graphic scale – Uses a graphic image to express the relationship between the actual size of an area and its size as shown on a map.
map terms7
Map Terms
  • Types of Map Scales:
    • Representative Fraction Scale – uses a fraction to express the relationship between the actual size of an area and its size as shown on a map.
map terms8
Map Terms
  • Axis - The Earth’s axis is an imaginary line that goes through the center of the Earth from the north pole to the south pole.
fact about the axis
Fact about the Axis
  • Axis – The powerful earthquake that unleashed a devastating tsunami Friday appears to have moved the main island of Japan by 8 feet (2.4 meters) and shifted the Earth on its axis.
  • "At this point, we know that one GPS station moved (8 feet), and we have seen a map from GSI (Geospatial Information Authority) in Japan showing the pattern of shift over a large area is consistent with about that much shift of the land mass," said Kenneth Hudnut, a geophysicist with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).

Images released by NASA show Japan's northeast coast before, left, and after flooding from the quake-induced tsunami.

map terms9
Map Terms
  • Locator Map - sometimes referred to simply as a locator, is typically a simple map used to show the location of a particular geographic area on a larger scale.
map terms10
Map Terms
  • Continents:
    • Asia, Africa, North America, South America, and Antarctica, up to Europe then Australia, now you now the Seven Continents.
map terms11
Map Terms
  • Oceans –
    • Pacific Ocean
    • Atlantic Ocean
    • Indian Ocean
    • Arctic Ocean
map terms12
Map Terms
  • Hemispheres -
    • Northern and Southern Hemisphere (separated by the equator)
    • Eastern and Western Hemisphere (separated by the Prime Meridian)
        • ***There is no such thing as the Northwestern Hemisphere, Southeastern Hemisphere, etc.) You are always in two hemispheres.***
map terms13
Map Terms
  • Line of Latitude - Reference lines that run parallel to the Equators plane.
  • Line of Longitude – Reference lines that run from the North Pole to the South Pole.
climate zones1
Climate Zones
  • Polar - the part of the Earth's surface forming a cap over a pole; characterized by frigid climate.
climate zones2
Climate Zones
  • Temperate – the regions of Earth that lies either between the Tropic of Cancer and the Arctic Circle or the Tropic of Capricorn and the Antarctic Circle.
climate zones3
Climate Zones
  • Tropical Zone – also known as the tropics is a region of the Earth surrounding the Equator. It is limited in latitude by the Tropic of Cancer in the northern hemisphere at approximately 23° 26′ 16″ (or 23.4378°) N and the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere at 23° 26′ 16″ (or 23.4378°) S.
named lines of latitude1
Named Lines of Latitude
  • Line of Latitude - Reference lines that run parallel to the Equator’s plane.
named line of latitude
Named Line of Latitude
  • North Pole – SANTA LIVES THERE!!!

But Seriously…….

I LOVE SANTA!!

No.. Really it is this!!!

named line of latitude1
Named Line of Latitude
  • North Pole - The northern end of the Earth's axis of rotation, located at 90° north latitude at a point in the Arctic Ocean.
named line of latitude2
Named Line of Latitude
  • Arctic Circle - The parallel of latitude approximately 66°33 north. It forms the boundary between the North Temperate and North Frigid zones.
named lines of latitude2
Named Lines of Latitude
  • Tropic of Cancer - also referred to as the Northern tropic, is the circle of latitude on the Earth that marks the most northerly position at which the Sun may appear directly overhead at its zenith.
named lines of latitude3
Named Lines of Latitude
  • Equator - Marks the point of 0 degrees latitude and divides the Northern and Southern Hemispheres
lines of latitude
Lines of Latitude
  • Tropic of Capricorn - or Southern tropic, marks the most southerly latitude on the Earth at which the Sun can be directly overhead.
named line of latitude3
Named Line of Latitude
  • Antarctic Circle - The parallel of latitude approximately 66°33 south. It forms the boundary between the South Temperate and South Frigid zones.
named line of latitude4
Named Line of Latitude
  • South Pole - The southern end of the Earth's axis of rotation, located at 90° south latitude at a point in Antarctica.
lines of longitude or meridians of longitude
Lines of Longitude or Meridians of Longitude
  • Lines of Longitude – Reference lines that run from the North Pole to the South Pole.
  • Prime Meridian – Marks the point of 0 degrees longitude and divides the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.
kinds of maps1
Kinds of Maps
  • Physical Map - maps that shows countries of the world.

.

kinds of maps2
Kinds of Maps
  • Political maps - are designed to show governmental boundaries of countries, states, and counties, the location of major cities, and they usually include significant bodies of water. Like the sample above, bright colors are often used to help the user find the borders.
kinds of maps3
Kinds of Maps
  • Historical Map - shows locations, events, or points of interest for a specific time in history. They may also focus on a geographical location.
kinds of maps4
Kinds of Maps
  • Distribution map – a map that shows where things are distributed or located.
    • Climate
    • Resources
    • Products
    • Vegetation
kinds of maps5
Kinds of Maps
  • Climate Map – shows weather patterns in a given area.
kinds of maps6
Kinds of Maps
  • Resource map – Shows areas that contain resources that are rich in that area.

A map of McDonald’s, Burger King, Pizza Hut, Taco Bell, Wendy’s, KFC, Jack in the Box, Hardee’s, Carl’s Jr, and In-N-Out

kinds of maps7
Kinds of Maps
  • Products map - it is a map that shows products on in a particular state or area.
kinds of maps8
Kinds of Maps
  • Vegetation Map - a map that shows particular types of vegetation that are grown in an area.
the end

The End

Be sure to study for your test!!!!