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Manifest Destiny

Manifest Destiny

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Manifest Destiny

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  1. Manifest Destiny The United States of America Expands Westward

  2. Manifest Destiny • Define that term. • Apply it to American Historyby • Mapping out the land acquisition by the USA from 1803 to 1853 giving each segment a title • Describing how the land was acquired providing one example of each • By Diplomacy • By Conquest

  3. Manifest Destiny • Study the following picture • List all the people in the image • Describe them. • What are they doing? • Where are they going? • What emotions are they feeling? • Who/What is most prominent? • What does the artist want us to believe? • Would all “Americans” feel the same way?

  4. Research Manifest Destiny • Divide into groups. • Each group: • gets a reading • reads, thinks about, then writes answers to the questions on the next slide • then shares the answers with the class while the other students take notes

  5. For each Section, Answer: • Why did the USA want that section of land? • What were the problems or obstacles to obtaining that land? • What are the main details about how that land was acquired? • What are the boundaries of that land? • What are the benefits to the USA of having that land? (see #1) • Any additional important information to tell us? Each Group’s notes will be graded for completeness of information – Participation points!

  6. 15.2 Louisiana Purchase • Why? • Obstacles? • Details? • Boundaries? • Benefits? • Additional? • Why? Full access to Mississippi River • Obstacles? Owned by France • Details? First just wanted New Orleans for $7 million, but France offered much more for $15 million • Boundaries? Mississippi to Rocky Mtns, triangle with bottom point at New Orleans • Benefits? Full access to River, No French presence • Additional? Constitutional issues, $0.02 -3 per acre

  7. 15.3 Florida • Why? • Obstacles? • Details? • Boundaries? • Benefits? • Additional? • Why? Stop Seminole raiding, complete East Coast, lessen Spain influence • Obstacles? Owned by Spain, Seminoles warlike • Details? Jackson told to stop Seminole raiding but he successfully invaded Florida, JQA says to Spain, “Govern or get out!” • Boundaries? Florida coastline to Alabama • Benefits? Handle the Seminoles, No Spanish presence • Additional? Spain was to keep Texas

  8. 15.4 Texas • Why? • Obstacles? • Details? • Boundaries? • Benefits? • Additional? • Why? Gain cotton growing land • Obstacles? Owned by Mexico • Details? First colonized by Americans, then rebellion to free Texas from Mexico, The Alamo and then other battles • Boundaries? Rio Grande River to south, • Benefits? Land gained for cotton and other uses, lessen Mexico influence • Additional? Texas was independent for 9 years

  9. 15.5 Oregon Country • Why? • Obstacles? • Details? • Boundaries? • Benefits? • Additional? • Why? Complete coast to coast, good land, Oregon Fever (Lies!) • Obstacles? Claimed by Russia, Great Britain, Spain, USA • Details? Russia and Spain drop out, Shared then split with Great Britain • Boundaries? 49th parallel, northern border with California • Benefits? Access to Pacific and important rivers • Additional? Peaceful acquisition diplomatically from Great Britain.

  10. 15.6 War with Mexico • Why? • Obstacles? • Details? • Boundaries? • Benefits? • Additional? • Why? Ambition, Manifest Destiny • Obstacles? Owned by Mexico • Details? Offer to buy from Mexico refused. Annexation of Texas led to contention of southern Texas border, war in USA as well as an invasion into Mexico. Purchased from Mexico. • Boundaries? Modern California, Arizona, New Mexico • Benefits? Straight Coast to Coast • Additional? Some Americans considered war with Mexico like bullying our neighbors.

  11. Life in the WestPeople’s Stories

  12. Life in The West Explorers • Reasons • Hardships • Legacies • Reasons – contact Indians, map passages • Hardships – rough territory, wildlife, language, food • Legacies – Maps, Information, CAN BE DONE!

  13. Life in The West Californios • Reasons • Hardships • Legacies • Reasons – 1) convert Indians 2) get land • Hardships – long distances from neighbors • Legacies – Spanish names of places, crops: grape, olives, citrus, initial settling

  14. Life in The West Mountain Men • Reasons • Hardships • Legacies • Reasons – Trapping of furs, freedom and adventure • Hardships – solitary, dangerous • Legacies – found trails and paths, mapmaking, personal journals describing their hardships

  15. Life in The West Missionaries • Reasons • Hardships • Legacies • Reasons – to convert Indians, to develop religious institutions for future white settlement • Hardships – travel difficulties, cultural differences • Legacies – opening the west to white settlement

  16. Life in The West Pioneer Women • Reasons • Hardships • Legacies • Reasons – followed husbands, look for husbands, adventure • Hardships – long journey, hard work, disease, • Legacies – schools, libraries, literary societies, suffrage movements

  17. Life in The West Mormons • Reasons • Hardships • Legacies • Reasons – escape persecution, gather as a group • Hardships – persecution, unpromising land, • Legacies – settled in the Great Basin with new ways to farm

  18. Life in The West • Reasons – GOLD! Supply those who mined GOLD! • Hardships – travel, few women, inflation, crime and wildness, mining was difficult, • Legacies – quick population growth, name for a football team. Forty-Niners • Reasons • Hardships • Legacies

  19. Life in The West Chinese • Reasons • Hardships • Legacies • Reasons – California called “ Gam Saan (Jin Shan)” = gold mtn. • Hardships – mistreated - whites saw them as competition for certain jobs • Legacies – Chinatowns and sharing of culture, service industries: restaurants, cleaning, railroad