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U.S. and Canada: Landforms, Climate, and Vegetation. Chapter 5 – Sections 1 & 2 TEKS: 3B, 4A, 4B, 6A, 8C, 9A, 21A, 21C, 21D, 22B, 22C, 22D. U.S. and Canada – Vast Lands. Total area of any country: Russia Canada United States China Brazil

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u s and canada landforms climate and vegetation

U.S. and Canada:Landforms, Climate, and Vegetation

Chapter 5 – Sections 1 & 2

TEKS: 3B, 4A, 4B, 6A, 8C, 9A, 21A, 21C, 21D, 22B, 22C, 22D

u s and canada vast lands
U.S. and Canada – Vast Lands

Total area of any country:

Russia

Canada

United States

China

Brazil

Together, they fill 1/8 of the land surface on the earth.

appalachian mountains
APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS
  • Eastern Mountain Chain
  • 1,600 miles from Newfoundland to Alabama
  • Includes, Green, Catskill, Blue Ridge, and Smoky Mountains
  • 400 million years old
interior lowlands the great plains
INTERIOR LOWLANDSThe Great Plains

Mostly treeless area

4,000 feet above sea level

Runs from southern Texas up through southern Canada.

Tornado Alley

canadian shield
CANADIAN SHIELD

Rocky, but mainly flat region

Lies far north in Canada

Covers about 18 million square miles

Encircles Hudson Bay

rocky mountains
ROCKY MOUNTAINS

Western mountain chain

Extend 3,000 miles from Alaska to New Mexico

Line of highest points makes up Continental Divide

80 million years old

tundra and subarctic
Tundra and Subarctic

Frigid winter temperatures are common.

Winters - long and bitterly cold

Summers - brief and chilly

Treeless plains in tundra, evergreens in subarctic.

Iqaluit, Nunavut (CAN)

Barrow, Alaska (USA)

rocky mountains and pacific ranges
Rocky Mountains and Pacific Ranges

Highland climate and vegetation

The mtns. influence temp. and precip.

Western Mtns. trap Pacific moisture.

moderate climates humid continental
Moderate Climates:Humid Continental

Winnipeg, Manitoba (CAN)

Des Moines, Iowa (USA)

The north-central and NE United States and southern Canada.

Winters are cold and summers are warm.

Very productive agriculture area.

moderate climates marine west coast
Moderate Climates: Marine West Coast
  • Ranges from northern California to southern Alaska.
  • Affected by Ocean currents, coastal mtns., and prevailingwesterlies – winds that blow from W-E in middle latitudes.

San Francisco, California (USA)

Vancouver, British Columbia (CAN)

tropical climates
Tropical Climates

Hawaii

Florida

Everglades – A huge swampland that covers about 4,000 sq. miles.