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U.S. and Canada:Landforms, Climate, and Vegetation Chapter 5 – Sections 1 & 2 TEKS: 3B, 4A, 4B, 6A, 8C, 9A, 21A, 21C, 21D, 22B, 22C, 22D
U.S. and Canada – Vast Lands Total area of any country: Russia Canada United States China Brazil Together, they fill 1/8 of the land surface on the earth.
APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS • Eastern Mountain Chain • 1,600 miles from Newfoundland to Alabama • Includes, Green, Catskill, Blue Ridge, and Smoky Mountains • 400 million years old
INTERIOR LOWLANDSThe Great Plains Mostly treeless area 4,000 feet above sea level Runs from southern Texas up through southern Canada. Tornado Alley
CANADIAN SHIELD Rocky, but mainly flat region Lies far north in Canada Covers about 18 million square miles Encircles Hudson Bay
ROCKY MOUNTAINS Western mountain chain Extend 3,000 miles from Alaska to New Mexico Line of highest points makes up Continental Divide 80 million years old
Tundra and Subarctic Frigid winter temperatures are common. Winters - long and bitterly cold Summers - brief and chilly Treeless plains in tundra, evergreens in subarctic. Iqaluit, Nunavut (CAN) Barrow, Alaska (USA)
Rocky Mountains and Pacific Ranges Highland climate and vegetation The mtns. influence temp. and precip. Western Mtns. trap Pacific moisture.
Moderate Climates:Humid Continental Winnipeg, Manitoba (CAN) Des Moines, Iowa (USA) The north-central and NE United States and southern Canada. Winters are cold and summers are warm. Very productive agriculture area.
Moderate Climates: Marine West Coast • Ranges from northern California to southern Alaska. • Affected by Ocean currents, coastal mtns., and prevailingwesterlies – winds that blow from W-E in middle latitudes. San Francisco, California (USA) Vancouver, British Columbia (CAN)
Tropical Climates Hawaii Florida Everglades – A huge swampland that covers about 4,000 sq. miles.