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GE 150 Astronomy. Week #3 January 28 , 2014. Homework. Homework #1 – Due Now Solutions posted on Blackboard Vista after class Grades posted there as well (when finished) Homework #2 – Path of the Sun Download from Blackboard Vista Due beginning of class Jan 30. Path of the Sun.

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Ge 150 astronomy
GE 150 Astronomy

Week #3

January 28, 2014


Homework
Homework

  • Homework #1 – Due Now

    • Solutions posted on Blackboard Vista after class

    • Grades posted there as well (when finished)

  • Homework #2 – Path of the Sun

    • Download from Blackboard Vista

    • Due beginning of class Jan 30


Path of the sun

Path of the Sun

Yearly Changes


The changing position of the sun during the year
The changing position of the Sun during the year!

March 20th/Sept. 22nd

December 21st

June 20th

Zenith

E

S

N

W

Sun at Noon throughout the year


Ge 150 astronomy
Under which of the following circumstances will a vertical flagpole not cast a shadow as seen from the continental United States?

every day at noon

every day at the time when the sun is highest in the sky

when the sun is highest in the sky on the summer solstice

when the sun is highest in the sky on the winter solstice

none of the above


Ge 150 astronomy

If you are located in the continental U.S. on the first day of October, how will the position of the Sun at noon be different two weeks later?

It will have moved toward the north.

It will have moved to a position higher in the sky.

It will stay in the same position.

It will have moved to a position closer to the horizon.

It will have moved toward the west.


Ge 150 astronomy
For an observer in the continental U.S., which of the three shadow plots, shown at right, correctly depicts the Sun’s motion for one day?

Shadow plot A

Shadow plot B

Shadow plot C

All three are possible, on different days of the year.

None of the plots are possible.


Path of the sun1

Path of the Sun shadow plots, shown at right, correctly depicts the Sun’s motion for one day?

Seasons:

Conclusion


Complete this statement
Complete this statement! shadow plots, shown at right, correctly depicts the Sun’s motion for one day?

When the noontime Sun is ____________________________

it’s summer; and when the noontime Sun is ____________________________

it is winter?


Ge 150 astronomy
Which of these are true and which are false statements about the causes of the seasons and what evidence is there to support your answer?

Earth is closer to the Sun in summer than in winter.

During the summer, the Sun is giving off more energy and when it is winter the Sun is giving off less energy.

When it is summer, more sunlight reaches Earth than it does during the winter.


Seasons simulator
Seasons the causes of the seasons and what evidence is there to support your answer? Simulator

  • Note that the Earth’s rotational axis is tilted relative to the Earth’s orbit and how much directsunlight shines on the northern and southern hemispheresthroughout a year.

  • How is this related to the seasons?


Ge 150 astronomy

Tilted 23.5 degrees from vertical the causes of the seasons and what evidence is there to support your answer?


Number of daylight hours
Number of Daylight Hours the causes of the seasons and what evidence is there to support your answer?

Not to scale!

67°N

27°N

Equator

27°S

67°S


The reasons for the seasons
The the causes of the seasons and what evidence is there to support your answer? Reasons for the Seasons

  • The tilt of the Earth’s axis is the cause for the seasonal changes – it contributes two major effects


The reasons for the seasons 1
The Reasons for the the causes of the seasons and what evidence is there to support your answer? Seasons: 1

The light from the Sun strikes the ground more directly in the Summer than in the Winter thus concentrating more of the Sun’s energy.


Ge 150 astronomy

When the Sun is high in the sky during the day, the number of daylight hours is greater and the amount of direct sunlight received is greater. This results in Summer.

Note how little the ‘beam’ of light is spread out in Summer


Ge 150 astronomy

When the Sun is low in the sky during the day, the number of daylight hours is less and the amount of direct sunlight received is less. This results in Winter.

Note how much more the ‘beam’ of light is spread out in Winter


The reasons for the seasons 2
The Reasons for the daylight hours is less and the amount of direct sunlight received is less. This results in Winter. Seasons: 2

The Sun spends more time above the horizon in the Summer than Winter resulting in longer days with more hours for heating


Ge 150 astronomy
The tilt of Earth’s axis of rotation produces longer daylight hours is less and the amount of direct sunlight received is less. This results in Winter. (or shorter) hours of more (or less) direct sunlight

Which positions (A, B, C or D) correspond with which seasons (fall, summer, spring, winter) for the northern hemisphere?

What about the southern hemisphere?

A

D

B

C


Ge 150 astronomy
The tilt of Earth’s axis of rotation produces longer daylight hours is less and the amount of direct sunlight received is less. This results in Winter. (or shorter) hours of more (or less) direct sunlight

What are the possible dates for positions A, B, C and D?

A

D

B

C


Lecture tutorial seasons p 93 98
Lecture Tutorial: Seasons daylight hours is less and the amount of direct sunlight received is less. This results in Winter. p. 93-98

  • Work with your partners!

  • Read the instructions and questions carefully.

  • Discuss the concepts and your answers with one another.

  • Come to a consensus answer you agree on.

  • If you get stuck or are not sure of your answer, ask another group.

  • If you get really stuck or don’t understand what the Lecture Tutorial is asking, ask one of us for help.


Homework1
Homework daylight hours is less and the amount of direct sunlight received is less. This results in Winter.

  • Homework #3 – The Seasons Ranking Task

    • Download from Blackboard Vista

    • Due beginning of class Feb 4


Looking at the images below which letter a e best represents winter in the united states
Looking at the images below, which letter (a-e) best represents winter in the United States?

Sunlight

Sunlight

a

c

2

3

b

e

Sun

Note: this drawing is not to scale.

In fact you could fit more than 11,000 Earths between the Sun and the Earth.

d


Ge 150 astronomy

Which of the represents winter in the United States? locations, identified with an “x” for each of the situations (A – E), would experience the coolest temperature over the course of one day?

warmest

Cross-Tab Label

0 / 10


Ge 150 astronomy1
GE 150 Astronomy represents winter in the United States?

Week #3

January 30, 2014


Homework2
Homework represents winter in the United States?

  • Homework #3 – The Seasons Ranking Task

    • Download from Blackboard Vista

    • Due beginning of class Feb 4

  • Homework #4 – Lunar Phases Ranking Task

    • Download from Blackboard Vista

    • Due beginning of class Feb 6

  • Exam #1 – Feb 11


Ge 150 astronomy


Ge 150 astronomy

Which of these are true and which are false represents winter in the United States? statements about the causes of the seasons and what evidence is there to support your answer?

Earth is closer to the Sun in summer than in winter.

During the summer, the Sun is giving off more energy and when it is winter the Sun is giving off less energy.

When it is summer, more sunlight reaches Earth than it does during the winter.


Lunar phases

Lunar represents winter in the United States? Phases


How are the motions and positions of earth and the sun connected to what happens on earth
How are the motions and positions of Earth and the Sun connected to what happens on Earth?

Earth’s rotation on its axis determines the length of the day.

Earth’s orbit around the Sun determines the length of the year.

The tilt of Earth’s rotational axis with respect to the plane of Earth’s orbit causes the seasons.



Ge 150 astronomy

Some Lunar Facts: concept of the

Mean distance: 385,000 km or 30 Earth Diameters

Diameter: 3480 km or 0.273 Earths

Time from New Moon to New Moon: 29.5 days


Names of moon phase
Names of Moon concept of the Phase

  • New Moon

  • Waxing Crescent

  • First Quarter

  • Waxing Gibbous

  • Full Moon

  • Waning Gibbous

  • Third Quarter

  • Waning Crescent


The causes of moon phases
The Causes of Moon Phases concept of the

  • Think about the answer to this question:

    What causes the phases of the Moon?

  • Take out a piece of paper and quickly write out a brief answer. Put your name and 1st four digits of Eagle ID # turn in at end of class


Let s put it in motion
Let’s concept of the put it in motion!

Pay attention to where the Moon, Sun and Earth are located and how the Moon appears from Earth at each of these positions.

Look at how much of the Moon is illuminated when at each position.

Look at which side of the Moon is illuminated when at each position.


Ge 150 astronomy

Phases of the Moon concept of the

Although the Moon is always ½ lit by the Sun, we see different amounts of the lit portion from Earth depending on where the Moon is located in its orbit.


Ge 150 astronomy

Phases of the Moon concept of the

Although the Moon is always ½ lit by the Sun, we see different amounts of the lit portion from Earth depending on where the Moon is located in its orbit.


Lecture tutorials causes of moon phases p 81 83
Lecture concept of the Tutorials: Causes of Moon Phases p. 81-83

Work with your partners!

Read the instructions and questions carefully.

Discuss the concepts and your answers with one another. Take time to understand it now!!!!

Come to a consensus answer you agree on.

If you get stuck or are not sure of your answer, ask another group.

If you get really stuck or don’t understand what the Lecture Tutorial is asking, ask one of us for help.


Ge 150 astronomy

Phases of the Moon concept of the

How long does it take the Moon to complete one orbit? How many of the phases will the Moon have gone through in this time?

How long does it take the Earth to complete one rotation? How far will the Moon have moved?

How many phases shown in the picture at the right will the Moon go through in one day?

How much of the Moons total surface is illuminated when it is in the New Phase? Full Phase?

How much of the illuminated surface of the Moon is visible from Earth when it is in the First Quarter Phase, Full Phase?


Lunar phases ii

Lunar concept of the Phases II


Ge 150 astronomy

Rising/Setting/Visibility of Lunar Phases concept of the

Are any Moon phases visible during the day?

When does the Moon rise/set?

Does it always rise/set at the same time?


Ge 150 astronomy

Rising and Setting concept of the


Moonrise and moonset during full moon
Moonrise and Moonset during Full Moon: concept of the

  • Full Moon rises as the Sun sets.

  • The Full Moon is high in south at Midnight.

  • Full Moon sets as the Sun rises.

  • Full Moon cannot be seen during the day.

W

W

E

E

E

E

W

W


Moonrise moonset
Moonrise, Moonset... concept of the

  • Not all Moon phases are visible at all times of the day

    • Never see a Full Moon during the day

    • Never see a Crescent Moon at midnight.

    • Never see the Last Quarter Moon at sunset.

  • Rising/setting times depend on the details of the Earth-Sun-Moon configuration as viewed from the surface of the rotating Earth.