THE MONGOL CONQUESTS GENGHIS KHAN AND THE MONGOL EMPIRE
PASTORALISTS • People who herded domesticated animals • Moved to find food and resources • Followed a familiar path • Mostly lived on horseback • Used herds for all basic needs
CLANS • Family groups who were supposed to be related to similar ancestors • Traveled together with their herds
STEPPE • Vast area of dry grassland • Was a land trade route connecting Asia to Europe • Dangerous area- home to many nomads
GENGHIS KHAN Unified Mongol clans in 1200 Received the title “Genghis Khan” in 1206. Real name was “Temujin”
Took over Jin Empire in 1211, controlled all of Central Asia by 1225. • Died of illness in 1227. By then, the empire was the largest land empire EVER in history. It included both modern day China and Poland- a pretty incredible feat. • What made Genghis Khan such a success?
YOUR BOOK SAYS… He was a brilliant organizer, gifted strategist, and noted for his cruelty.
MR. RYNONE WOULD ADD… • He was very good at delegating tasks to people below him. He was an excellent judge of talent. • He was a charismatic leader and appealed to the Mongol people. He also encouraged his men to fight long, hard battles. • What do you think??????
KHANATES • After Genghis’ death, his grandson, Kublai Khan, took the title of Great Khan • Split empire into four “khanates” or independent regions- each led by another of Genghis’ sons
PAX MONGOLICA • “The Mongol Peace” • Silk Road reopens- once again safe enough for international trade