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World Water Forum 5 Ministerial Roundtable on Sanitation. Outcomes of. Information provided by UNDESA, UNDP, UNICEF, UNSGAB, UN-Habitat, UNU, WHO, WSP, WSSCC, WaterAid , ADB, IaDB Presented by Bert Diphoorn , Director Human Settlements and Financing Division, UN-HABITAT.

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Outcomes of

World Water Forum 5 Ministerial Roundtable on Sanitation

Outcomes of

Information provided by UNDESA, UNDP, UNICEF, UNSGAB, UN-Habitat, UNU, WHO, WSP, WSSCC, WaterAid, ADB, IaDB

Presented by Bert Diphoorn, DirectorHumanSettlements and Financing Division,


A t ribute to the united nations secretary general s advisory board
A tribute to the United Nations’ Secretary General’s Advisory Board

Annual cost of not dealing with water and sanitation

Lives lost

1.6 million annually due to diarrhoea alone

Health care costs:

USD7 billion per year to health agencies

USD340 million to individuals

Time lost to ill health

320 million productive days in 15 – 59 age range

272 million school days lost

1.5 billion healthy days for under 5s

Can be valued at US$9.9billion per year

Time lost to inconvenience

20 billion working days per year

Can be valued at US$64billion per year

Annual cost of not dealing with water and sanitation

Source WHO

Many countries not on track to meet the mdg sanitation target

On track

Progress but insufficient

Not on track

No or insufficient data

Many countries not on track to meet the MDG sanitation target

Source: WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme. 2008

Steps needed
Steps needed

Measurable improvement

Infrastructure development

and use … sustained

Fund raising

National stategy implementation: budget, focal point, coordination

National Policy / Strategy design and adoption

Political support




At global and regional Level

  • Preparation and distribution of communication kits

  • Launch of the IYS

  • Global Handwashing Day

  • Update of regional study on sanitation in 22 countries of Latin America

  • G8 communique mentioning sanitation for the first time

  • International Seminars on Sanitation (ADB,..

  • Regional Sanitation Conferences

Regional sanitation meetings 80 countries involved

On track

Progress but insufficient

Not on track

No or insufficient data

Regional Sanitation Meetings : 80+ countries involved

SACOSAN I 9 countries

21-23/10/2003 Dhaka, Bangladesh

SACOSAN II 11 countries

20-21/09/ 2006 Islamabad, Pakistan

SACOSAN III (In preparation)

16-21 November 2008 - New Delhi, India

LATINOSAN 30 countries

12-16 /11/2007 Cali, Columbia

LATINOSAN II (in preparation)

EASAN 14 Countries

30/11-1/12/2007 Beppu City, Japan

Side-event of Pacific Water Conference ? Countries

9-11/9/2008 Apia, Samoa

CARIBSAN 12 countries

28-29 /04/2008 Kingston, Jamaica

AFRICASAN 20 countries

29/07-1/08/2002 Johannesburg, South Africa

AFRICASAN+5 32 countries

18 - 20 February 2008 Durban, South Africa

Sub-regional meetings

AfricaSan-South : 4-7/08/ 2003, Gaborone, Botswana AfricaSan-East : 1 – 3/02/2005, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

AfricaSan-West and Central : 21-23/02/2005, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso

Did the process help immediate outputs
Did the process help? - immediate outputs

  • Extensive country participation: Nearly 90 countries involved

  • Participation of wide spectrum of stakeholders:

    High level decision makers (Ministers), local governments and municipalities, civil society, technical professionals, researchers, private sector… from different sectors (sanitation, water, health, environment…)

  • Political commitments (declarations)

  • Recognition of reality!

  • Unprecedented coordination among supporting Organizations (WSP, WHO, UNICEF, UNSGAB, UNDP, WaterAid, WSSCC, …) at global level and at national level

Awareness multi stakeholder conferences
Awareness: Multi-stakeholder conferences

At national Level

  • National Sanitation Forum or Summit: Cambodia, China, PeruSan, BoliviaSan, NicaraguaSan, Mali, EthioSan, Burkina Faso, Philippines

  • Gambia: Religious leaders forum on sanitation promotion

  • Sierra Leone: workshop for local councils representatives

  • Sri Lanka: workshop on National Sanitation Policy

    At sub-national Level

  • Peru: 6 regional conferences as preparation to PeruSan

  • Philippine: Mindanao and Luzon Regional Sanitation Summits

  • Province of Huila, Angola: Declaration aiming at Open Defecation Free province by 2012

  • 2 autonomous regions of Costa Caribe, Nicaragua

Awareness national events
Awareness: National events

Designation of National Day or Week for Sanitation, for Clean cities, for Hygiene and Health

Designation of National Sanitation Ambassadors

Publication of national studies on sanitation

Awareness media relation
Awareness: media relation

Creation of journalists network

Field visits and roundtable sessions for journalists

Sanitation workshops for journalists

Television and radio broadcast

22-minute sanitation advocacy documentary (ADB)

Two major books published (The Last Taboo, The Big Necessity)

High level political support
High-level political support

  • IYS national launching by Head of State or his/her representative in several countries

  • India: Prime Minister opens SACOSAN

  • Nigeria: Handwashing campaign launching by wife of President

  • South Africa: Pledge signed by senior politicians – Minister, Premier of Province

Policy strategy design and adoption national
Policy / strategy design and adoption: national

  • National Sanitation Strategy under development (Burundi, Cambodia, Cote d’Ivoire, Djibouti, Honduras, Vietnam) or finalized (Afghanistan, Gambia, Guyana, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Sri Lanka)

  • India: New Urban Sanitation Policy (Clean Cities Award)

  • Indonesia: adoption of Solid Waste Regulation, extension of Policy and Strategy on Domestic Waste Water Management

  • AfricaSan Followup Action Plan (Burkina Faso, Burundi, Mozambique, Rwanda, Senegal, South Africa Tanzania, Uganda)

  • Watsan sector strategic plan for all member countries of IaDB

  • Uruguay: official commitment for 100% coverage in the next years

National action plan implementation national budget
National action plan implementation: national budget

  • Significant budget increases in some countries

  • Decision to better track sector budget and to have it on a specific budget line

National action plan implementation focal point
National action plan implementation: focal point

Set up of

  • National Technical Sanitation for Environmental Sanitation in Angola

  • separate ministry and department for Public Health and Sanitation in Kenya

  • Sanitation Task Force in Ministry of Water Supply and Drainage in Sri Lanka

National action plan implementation coordination
National action plan implementation: coordination

  • Coordination among Ministries (Mauritania)

  • Coordination among all stakeholders (Gambia, India, Nicaragua, Mali, Suriname, Tanzania, Vietnam)

National action plan implementation community involvement
National action plan implementation: community involvement

  • National Strategy on Community Action for Total Sanitation (Indonesia, Myanmar)

  • Community-led Total Sanitation campaigns (Mauritania, Zambia)

  • Special programmes to provide support to municipalities (South Africa)

  • Governmental financial incentive for open defecation free villages (Nepal)

  • Declaration of First Open-Defecation Free village, pilot project CLTS in 4 villages (Eritrea)

Fund raising

  • Creation of Global Sanitation Fund

  • IDB: set up of Aquafund

  • ADB: release of Sanitation Strategy – commitment to allocate 20% of Water Financing Program to sanitation Indonesia: Sanitation Donor Group

  • Nepal: joint agreement for basket fund creation with UNICEF/WHO/UN-Habitat

  • Pakistan: Water and Sanitation Sector Donor Coordination Group

  • Philippines: creation of Innovative Sanitation Interventions Project Fund; creation with WSP of SuSEa-Philippines to increase access of poor to sanitation

  • Vietnam: donor-led 3-fold budget increase in 6 provinces

Field activities infrastructure development
Field activities: Infrastructure development

  • Afghanistan: special project “Clean Villages”; first women toilet elements production center opened

  • Bostwana: equipment of Dukwe Refugee Camp

  • Pilot project for sanitation in schools (Sierra Leon, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Timor-Leste)

Field activities training
Field activities: training

  • Refurbishment of Sanitation Park at Fiji School of Medicine

  • National consultation and training for sanitation engineers (Philippines)

  • Hands-on training with government representatives, NGOs and communities (Philippines, Suriname, Tanzania)

More examples available
More examples available

On www.sanitationyear2008.org

And now
And now?

  • We are behınd on the Sanitation MDG, what do we do about it?

  • Should countries adopt guidelines or common goals on wastewater collection, treatment and reuse?

  • How do we most effectively build on the commitments generated during the regional sanitation conferences (budget allocations, national sanitation plans, governmental sanitation focal points)?

  • Should countries adopt guidelines or common goals on wastewater collection, treatment and reuse?

  • Can we buıld capacıty through Water Operators’ Partnershıps?

  • UNSGAB suggests that the thematic focus of WWF 6 be on closing the loop between human settlement discharges and their surrounding environments