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“Defensive Driving Training”

“Defensive Driving Training”

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“Defensive Driving Training”

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  1. “Defensive Driving Training”

  2. PDO’s Road Safety Performance over the years: Road Traffic Accidents per Million Km driven Improving RTA’s / Million Km BUT !

  3. 1998 1999 2000 Millions km driven 149 116 118 Road Accidents 231 144 158 Rollovers 51 32 43 Dead 8 0 10 2001: 5 Dead (2 on unauthorized journey)

  4. Accidents are caused by threats created by (In order of importance): • The driver • The other road users • The roads and the environment • The transport operation • The vehicle and its load/passengers

  5. The transportsystem Other Road Users The Driver Roads & Environment Vehicle &Load Accidents are caused by threats created by:

  6. Road Safety Threats: The driver • Driver poor behavior (reckless, speed, maneuvers) • Driver lack of competence (skill/knowledge) • Driver fatigue • Driver mental stress • Driver physical fitness • Driver poor vision • Driver disoriented (brain cramp) • Driver alcohol/drugs/medicine

  7. Road Safety Controls: The driver • DDC: Defensive Driving Course for our drivers • H+M Road Safety Road Show • IVMS/DMS strategy: improving driver behavior • Awareness campaigns Triads ( “Phone, Drive & Die”), LTI-Packs, Slide-shows, Video’s • RSMT coaching: 3 teams • Rules for driving (HSE-Stds Manual) • Journey Management reviewed

  8. Road Safety Threats: The other road users • Driver poor behavior (reckless, speed, maneuvers) • Driver lack of competence • Driver fatigue • Driver loss of concentration (stress, alcohol, distracted, etc.) • Driver physical fitness • Driver poor vision • Animals (camels, goats, donkeys) • Behavior of pedestrians

  9. Road Safety Controls: The other road users • GCC Road Safety Week Campaign (17-24/March) PDO+ Shell/BP/Al-Maha stations • “Formulating National Road Safety Plan” workshop: April • Interior awareness campaigns: Wiliyats, LLCs • DDC: Defensive Driving Course for our drivers

  10. Changing driving environment: Oman and PDO • More vehicles in Oman: 1980: 100.000 Veh 400 Fatalities 1990: 225.000 Veh. 375 Fatalities 2000: 500.000 Veh. 600 Fatalities • More blacktop in PDO (and Oman): 1990: 60 km Blacktop (Fahud - Yibal) 2000: 500 km BlacktopAll centres accessible by blacktop (except: Lekhwair)

  11. Road Safety 2000/01: 40% of LTI’s, 90% of Fatalities 2000/01 RTA’s with fatalities: 1) Pedestrian hit by LC B-Top # 2) OTW canter hits truck B-Top # 3) Veritas diesel-tanker down jebel B-Top # 4) Damac rollover B-Top # 5) Head-on Canter/LC at 200 km/hr (2 dead) B-Top # 6) Rollover MCC (Heart-Attack?) Graded 7) Pedestrian hit at Al Khuwair B-Top # 8) Head-on LC/Truck (2 dead) B-Top # 9) Unauthorized Eid Journey (2 dead) B-Top # 10) T-junction: Truck hits pick-up (2 dead) B-Top # 11) Head-on Patrol/Truck B-Top # #: Defensive Driving/Behavior could have made the difference

  12. RTA analysis: problem areas Played role in acc no: • Young inexperienced drivers 3x • Other road users 5x • Defensive driving 10x • Blacktop instead of graded road 10x Better Defensive Driving skills / Behavior awareness could have mitigated these incidents

  13. OLD PDO Driver Training: • Coast: • Only for young drivers (below 25 yrs): 8 hrs defensive driving • Others: None • No medical checks (vision/reactions) • Interior: • 8 hrs “Interior Driver Skills” course every 3 years • No medical testing (vision/reactions) • Strong emphasis on “graded/off road” • Problems: • Does not address the changed environment • Too infrequent • Concentrates on “skills” rather than “behaviour/attitude” • No/very little competence assurance

  14. Driver Competence Assurance Redesign: timing • Data collection phase, options review Sept/00 • Workshop with NSC + Tr Inst’s reps Oct/00 • Complete new concept + implications Nov/00 • Director endorsement framework Nov & March • Courses detailed design Jan-April • Stakeholder consultation 11/March • Train the trainers (NTI/OTI/TATI) May-June • Modify training contracts April-June • Implement new program 1/July

  15. Defensive Driving Course (DDC) development: • Defensive Driving Modules: • Base design as per NSC (National Safety Council, International SC) • Heavily emphasise behaviour/attitude change of driver • Teach Defensive Driving techniques • “Omanise” with major input from OTI/NTI/TATI • Accreditation of training providers by NSC • 3 days “Train the Trainers” and accreditation by NSC • Why NSC? • Common “standard” by all training providers • External accreditation of Local Companies by recognised body • Non-commercial entity: low cost material and updates • Internationally recognised as one of the leaders in Defensive Driving • Since 1963: 45 million people trained

  16. Principles Behind New Programme: • Shift emphasis to defensive driving techniques • Incorporate attitude and behavioural aspects • Harness strengths of existing courses and combine with expertise from international organisation • Ensure courses meet needs of entire target audience • Build in robust and consistent practical assessment

  17. AIM OF THE DEFENSIVE DRIVING COURSE: To minimise death, injury and damage resulting from Road Traffic Incidents

  18. Basic Starting program: • 2 Day DDC : one off (no renewal) • 1/2 Day Graded/Off-Road: one off (no renewal)Assessment/Refresher program: • Yearly Professional Assessment Drive (1 to 1) Only for those that have attended the DDC • Failed assessment: go back to DDC For future review: • Option of “Supervisory Assessment”: Q1/2002 • Refresher for DDC (after 3 yrs ??): Q1/2003

  19. Driver Competence Assurance Framework DDC Light Vehicle Blacktop Roads 2 days (one off) DDC Heavy Vehicle Blacktop Roads 2 days (one off) Bus1/2 day(one off) Graded1/2 day(one off) Tanker1/2 day(one off) + Yearly: Professional Assessment Drive Test on knowledge of PDO-Rules

  20. Defensive Driving Course Structure Day 1 (class room) Module: • Hearts and Minds • Driver Condition • Common Driving Errors • The Driving Environment • See and Survive • Vehicle Control • The Driving Plan • Vehicle Safety Systems Day 2 (class/road) Module: • Before You Drive • Demonstration Drive • Seat Belt Convincer • Tutored Driving Practice • Practical Assessment • Driver Commitment (includes written/oral test)

  21. Classroom Instruction

  22. Vision testing

  23. Vehicle Check

  24. Roll-oversimulator

  25. Demonstration-driveby instructor Tutored driveAssessment drive

  26. Defensive Driving Course Practical Assessment: • In car checks • Observation / scanning / use of mirrors • Hazard awareness • Speed and Distance • Information (given/taken) • Junctions • Stopped in traffic • Positioning • Braking • Gear • Acceleration • Leaves way out

  27. Estimated number of drivers PDO and Contractors: Light Blacktop 10,000 Heavy Goods 2,700 Light Grd/Off-Road 7,000 Buses 400 Tankers 400

  28. WWW site with all details on DDC: • http://www.pdo.co.om/hseforcontractors/ • http://www.pdo.co.om/hseforcontractors/dts/ddc/ddchome.htm • Username: pdohse01 • Password: contrator01