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“Defensive Driving Training”. PDO’s Road Safety Performance over the years: Road Traffic Accidents per Million Km driven. Improving. RTA’s / Million Km. BUT !. 1998 1999 2000 Millions km driven 149 116 118 Road Accidents 231 144 158 Rollovers 51 32 43

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slide3
PDO’s Road Safety Performance over the years:

Road Traffic Accidents per Million Km driven

Improving

RTA’s / Million Km

BUT !

slide4
1998 1999 2000

Millions km driven 149 116 118

Road Accidents 231 144 158

Rollovers 51 32 43

Dead 8 0 10

2001: 5 Dead (2 on unauthorized journey)

slide5
Accidents are caused by threats created by

(In order of importance):

  • The driver
  • The other road users
  • The roads and the environment
  • The transport operation
  • The vehicle and its load/passengers
slide6
The transportsystem

Other Road

Users

The Driver

Roads &

Environment

Vehicle &Load

Accidents are caused by threats created by:

slide7
Road Safety Threats: The driver
  • Driver poor behavior (reckless, speed, maneuvers)
  • Driver lack of competence (skill/knowledge)
  • Driver fatigue
  • Driver mental stress
  • Driver physical fitness
  • Driver poor vision
  • Driver disoriented (brain cramp)
  • Driver alcohol/drugs/medicine
slide8
Road Safety Controls: The driver
  • DDC: Defensive Driving Course for our drivers
  • H+M Road Safety Road Show
  • IVMS/DMS strategy: improving driver behavior
  • Awareness campaigns

Triads ( “Phone, Drive & Die”), LTI-Packs, Slide-shows, Video’s

  • RSMT coaching: 3 teams
  • Rules for driving (HSE-Stds Manual)
  • Journey Management reviewed
slide9
Road Safety Threats: The other road users
  • Driver poor behavior (reckless, speed, maneuvers)
    • Driver lack of competence
    • Driver fatigue
    • Driver loss of concentration (stress, alcohol, distracted, etc.)
    • Driver physical fitness
    • Driver poor vision
  • Animals (camels, goats, donkeys)
  • Behavior of pedestrians
slide10
Road Safety Controls: The other road users
  • GCC Road Safety Week Campaign (17-24/March) PDO+ Shell/BP/Al-Maha stations
  • “Formulating National Road Safety Plan” workshop: April
  • Interior awareness campaigns: Wiliyats, LLCs
  • DDC: Defensive Driving Course for our drivers
slide11
Changing driving environment: Oman and PDO
  • More vehicles in Oman:

1980: 100.000 Veh 400 Fatalities

1990: 225.000 Veh. 375 Fatalities

2000: 500.000 Veh. 600 Fatalities

  • More blacktop in PDO (and Oman):

1990: 60 km Blacktop (Fahud - Yibal)

2000: 500 km BlacktopAll centres accessible by blacktop (except: Lekhwair)

slide12
Road Safety 2000/01: 40% of LTI’s, 90% of Fatalities

2000/01 RTA’s with fatalities:

1) Pedestrian hit by LC B-Top #

2) OTW canter hits truck B-Top #

3) Veritas diesel-tanker down jebel B-Top #

4) Damac rollover B-Top #

5) Head-on Canter/LC at 200 km/hr (2 dead) B-Top #

6) Rollover MCC (Heart-Attack?) Graded

7) Pedestrian hit at Al Khuwair B-Top #

8) Head-on LC/Truck (2 dead) B-Top #

9) Unauthorized Eid Journey (2 dead) B-Top #

10) T-junction: Truck hits pick-up (2 dead) B-Top #

11) Head-on Patrol/Truck B-Top #

#: Defensive Driving/Behavior could have made the difference

slide13
RTA analysis: problem areas

Played role in acc no:

  • Young inexperienced drivers 3x
  • Other road users 5x
  • Defensive driving 10x
  • Blacktop instead of graded road 10x

Better Defensive Driving skills / Behavior

awareness could have mitigated these incidents

slide14
OLD PDO Driver Training:
  • Coast:
    • Only for young drivers (below 25 yrs): 8 hrs defensive driving
    • Others: None
    • No medical checks (vision/reactions)
  • Interior:
    • 8 hrs “Interior Driver Skills” course every 3 years
    • No medical testing (vision/reactions)
    • Strong emphasis on “graded/off road”
  • Problems:
    • Does not address the changed environment
    • Too infrequent
    • Concentrates on “skills” rather than “behaviour/attitude”
    • No/very little competence assurance
slide15
Driver Competence Assurance Redesign: timing
  • Data collection phase, options review Sept/00
  • Workshop with NSC + Tr Inst’s reps Oct/00
  • Complete new concept + implications Nov/00
  • Director endorsement framework Nov & March
  • Courses detailed design Jan-April
  • Stakeholder consultation 11/March
  • Train the trainers (NTI/OTI/TATI) May-June
  • Modify training contracts April-June
  • Implement new program 1/July
slide16
Defensive Driving Course (DDC) development:
  • Defensive Driving Modules:
    • Base design as per NSC (National Safety Council, International SC)
    • Heavily emphasise behaviour/attitude change of driver
    • Teach Defensive Driving techniques
    • “Omanise” with major input from OTI/NTI/TATI
    • Accreditation of training providers by NSC
    • 3 days “Train the Trainers” and accreditation by NSC
  • Why NSC?
    • Common “standard” by all training providers
    • External accreditation of Local Companies by recognised body
    • Non-commercial entity: low cost material and updates
    • Internationally recognised as one of the leaders in Defensive Driving
    • Since 1963: 45 million people trained
slide17
Principles Behind New Programme:
  • Shift emphasis to defensive driving techniques
  • Incorporate attitude and behavioural aspects
  • Harness strengths of existing courses and combine with expertise from international organisation
  • Ensure courses meet needs of entire target audience
  • Build in robust and consistent practical assessment
slide18
AIM OF THE

DEFENSIVE DRIVING COURSE:

To minimise death, injury and damage resulting from Road Traffic Incidents

slide19
Basic Starting program:
  • 2 Day DDC : one off (no renewal)
  • 1/2 Day Graded/Off-Road: one off (no renewal)Assessment/Refresher program:
  • Yearly Professional Assessment Drive (1 to 1) Only for those that have attended the DDC
  • Failed assessment: go back to DDC

For future review:

  • Option of “Supervisory Assessment”: Q1/2002
  • Refresher for DDC (after 3 yrs ??): Q1/2003
driver competence assurance framework
Driver Competence Assurance Framework

DDC Light Vehicle Blacktop Roads

2 days (one off)

DDC Heavy Vehicle Blacktop Roads

2 days (one off)

Bus1/2 day(one off)

Graded1/2 day(one off)

Tanker1/2 day(one off)

+

Yearly: Professional Assessment Drive Test on knowledge of PDO-Rules

defensive driving course structure
Defensive Driving Course Structure

Day 1 (class room)

Module:

  • Hearts and Minds
  • Driver Condition
  • Common Driving Errors
  • The Driving Environment
  • See and Survive
  • Vehicle Control
  • The Driving Plan
  • Vehicle Safety Systems

Day 2 (class/road)

Module:

  • Before You Drive
  • Demonstration Drive
  • Seat Belt Convincer
  • Tutored Driving Practice
  • Practical Assessment
  • Driver Commitment (includes written/oral test)
slide26
Demonstration-driveby instructor

Tutored driveAssessment drive

slide27
Defensive Driving Course Practical Assessment:
  • In car checks
  • Observation / scanning / use of mirrors
  • Hazard awareness
  • Speed and Distance
  • Information (given/taken)
  • Junctions
  • Stopped in traffic
  • Positioning
  • Braking
  • Gear
  • Acceleration
  • Leaves way out
slide28
Estimated number of drivers

PDO and Contractors:

Light Blacktop 10,000 Heavy Goods 2,700

Light Grd/Off-Road 7,000 Buses 400

Tankers 400

slide29
WWW site with all details on DDC:
  • http://www.pdo.co.om/hseforcontractors/
  • http://www.pdo.co.om/hseforcontractors/dts/ddc/ddchome.htm
          • Username: pdohse01
          • Password: contrator01
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