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Unit 1 : Part A. Secrets of A Students. Introduction Study hard or hardly study? Some students play football, act in plays, play tennis and engage in many other activities, but they still

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unit 1 part a

Unit 1 : PartA

Secrets of AStudents

text related information

Study hard or hardly study?

Some students play football, act

in plays, play tennis and engage in

many other activities, but they still

get A’s in their studies. However, there are some other students who study hard enough but do not achieve as much. Why? Is it simply that those A students have better brains? Educational specialists do not think so. They suggest that to succeed in the studies, one should apply a few “techniques”. These techniques are the secrets of A students. If you make use of them, you can be an A student, too.

Text-related Information
Grading System
  • Schools, colleges and universities in Great Britain and the United States commonly use letter grades to indicate the quality of a student’s academic performance: A (excellent), B (good), C (average), D (below average), and F (failing). In the United States, work rated C or above is usually required of an undergraduate student to continue his/her studies; work rated B
  • or higher is usually required
  • of a graduate student to
  • continue. In percentage
  • scales, 100 percent is the
  • highest mark, and 70 percent
  • (or 65 percent) is usually the
  • lowest passing mark.
students at universities
Students at universities
  • A university student who has not yet taken his or her first, or “bachelor’s” degree is an undergraduate. In the United States, a first-year student at a college or university, and in a high school as well, is called a freshman, a second-year student a sophomore, and a third-year student a junior, and a fourth-year student a senior.
Brains: intelligence or the ability to learn and understand things quickly, to solve problems and to make good decisions.
  • Paraphrase
  • Intelligence is not the only answer./ Being smart and quick in learning is not the only answer.
necessarily in every case
Necessarily: in every case
  • The fact that something is cheap does not necessarily mean it is of low quality.
perform do a job complete a task
Perform: do (a job); complete (a task)
  • Computers can perform many different tasks.
  • Perform well/badly/poorly: work well/badly/poorly
make the most of to use or enjoy to the greatest advantage to use in the best way
make the most of— to use or enjoy to the greatest advantage; to use in the best way
  • Translate
  • 汤姆打算充分利用学校图书馆完成他的学期论文。

Tom intends to make the most of the university library for his term paper.

count for much little nothing to be of much little no worth or importance
count for much/little/nothing— to be of much/little/no worth or importance
  • Translate
  • A man with no sense of responsibility does not count for anything.
  • Key
  • 没有责任心的人起不了什么作用。
hard work isn t the whole story either
Hard work isn’t the whole story either.
  • Paraphrase
  • Hard work is not enough to explain everything either.
  • It is true that I do not like my boss, but that is not the whole story/ only part of the story. I quit because I have found a better job.
put in to spend pass a specified amount of time etc
put in— to spend, pass (a specified amount of time, etc.)
  • Cf.
  • put away
  • — to put in the usual place of storage, put or store (sth.) in its proper place
  • … most students close their books, put away papers, talk to friends and get ready to leave. (Line 71, Para. 9)
  • It’s going to rain: we’d better put away our picnic things and go indoors.
concentrate direct all one s attention towards sth
Concentrate: direct all one’s attention towards sth.
  • Sally tried to concentrate on her studies in spite of the noise.
once the books are open newspapers unread
Once the books are open, …newspapers unread.
  • Paraphrase:
  • Once they open their books, they would not answer phone calls nor watch TV or read newspapers.
focus direct one s attention on sth
Focus: direct one’s attention on sth.
  • Today’s topic focused on Chinese festivals.
  • Focus can also mean “adjust a lens, or the eyes, so that the image that passes through them is sharp and clear.”
  • The photographer focused the lens and then took the picture.
athlete sb who is good at sports esp those for competition
athlete— sb. who is good at sports, esp. those for competition
  • Athlete is a person who is skilled in bodily exercises and who competes in games that need strength and speed, such as running and jumping.
  • Sportsman is keen on, or good at, sports.
  • Player is a person who plays in a ballgame, often professionally.
  • 1. Michael Jordan is believed to be the best basketball _____.
  • 2. It was quite a view when the _____ from all over the world marched onto the sports ground.
  • 3. Mr. Smith is a keen ______ and enjoys all kinds of outdoor activities.
stick attach sth to sth else or on a surface
Stick: attach (sth) to (sth else) or on (a surface)
  • Susan stuck an important message on the bulletin board.
while conj during the time that
while conj.— during the time that
  • Cf.
  • 1. during the time that
  • e.g. Strike while the iron is hot.
  • 2. although
  • e.g. While the grandpa loves the children, he is strict with them
  • 3. whereas; and
  • e.g. Web companies are hot, while most of them are in red.
get one s hand on to get hold of sth or sb to seize
get one’s hand on— to get hold of (sth. or sb.); to seize
  • Translate
  • 1. 在那些年月里,她读了所有能够到手的书。
  • In those years, she read everything she couldget her hands on.

2. The hungry boy ate up everything he could get his hands on from the refrigerator.


cut down on to reduce
cut down on — to reduce
  • Translate
  • 医生敦促病人减少抽烟和饮酒。
  • Key
  • The doctor urged the patient to cut down on smoking and drinking.
set v to assign put forward or arrange as material to be dealt with
setv.— to assign, put forward or arrange as (material to be dealt with)
  • Cf.
  • — adj. fixed or established by agreement
  • e.g.
  • The order to cancel launching the space shuttle came only 5 seconds before the set time.
  • Please follow the set procedures for the application of the scholarship.
write up write again in a neat and complete form
write up— write (again) in a neat and complete form
  • Cf.
  • write off
  • — to cancel from accounts as a loss
  • e.g. The industrial nations are reluctant to write off the debts of the underdeveloped countries.
meet the deadline finish the task before the date or time it must be finished
Meet the deadline: finish the task before the date or time it must be finished
  • There is no way I can meet the deadline.
stick to keep to refuse to leave or change
stick to— keep to, refuse to leave or change
  • Translate
  • 作出了许诺,你就应该信守。
  • Key
  • If you make a promise, you should stick to it.
work do wonders bring unexpectedly good results
work/do wonders— bring unexpectedly good results
  • e.g.
  • A few words of encouragement can work wonders in her when she is not very confident.
  • The scientist tried the new approach in the experiment, and to his amazement, it worked wonders!
  • Doctors have discovered that keeping a pet can do wonders for one’s health.
lead to have as a result cause something to happen or exist
lead to— have as a result, cause something to happen or exist
  • Translate
  • Active reading, according to education experts, will lead to a better understanding of what is being read.
  • Key
  • 教育专家认为积极阅读会导致对阅读材料更好的理解。
approach n method of doing something or dealing with a problem
approachn.— method of doing something or dealing with a problem
  • Cf.
  • v.
  • 1) to come or go near or nearer (to), as in space or time
  • e.g.As graduation day approached, excitement increased.
  • 2. to come close to, as in quality, appearance, or condition
  • e.g. The performance approaches perfection.
after all 1 it should be remembered that 2 in spite of everything
after all1) it should be remembered that(要知道)2) in spite of everything(毕竟,终究,还是)
  • Translate
  • 我知道工作很辛苦,不过你的报酬毕竟也不低。
  • Key
  • I know the work is hard, but you are highly paid after all.