Chapter 14 - Groups. Obedience/Cooperation What Groups Are and Do Groups, Roles, and Selves Group Action How Groups Think Power and Leadership. Tradeoffs - Prisoner’s Dilemma. Choice is between cooperative response and an antagonistic response
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The complexities and ambitions of human life require that we work in groups
Humans have an innate need to belong to groups
Social brain hypothesis
May not only protect against physical threat, but also help gain personal and social identity
People’s roles in a group can be formal or informal.
Two fundamental types of roles:
An instrumental role to help the group achieve its tasks
An expressive role to provide emotional support and maintain morale
Beneficial to match roles to each member’s characteristics and skill set
When else do people wear uniforms?
Groups establish norms or rules of conduct for members.
Norms may be either formal or informal.
The forces exerted on a group that push its members closer together.
Cohesiveness and group performance are causally related.
But relationship is complex