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Get Started! . Please answer the questions below in the “notes” section of your binder. What is setting? How does setting function within a story? . Setting . What is setting? How does it function within a text?. Setting is essential to everything we will read this year. .

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get started
Get Started!
  • Please answer the questions below in the “notes” section of your binder.
    • What is setting?
    • How does setting function within a story?
setting is essential to everything we will read this year
Setting is essential to everything we will read this year.

Setting is essential to the understanding of a work of fiction, as it reveals the atmosphere or mood of the work

Setting often yields clues as to the tone that will

eventually emerge.

Many settings function as “unrelenting meta-cognitive stimulants” for things to happen, because the author has skillfully used them to foreshadow as yet unperceived events.

The following are the ways that setting may function either along or in conjunctions with other functions…
  • Establish mood and atmosphere
  • Foreshadow events
  • Serve as a symbol
  • Reflect the emotional conditions of characters in the work
  • Introduce or enrich the theme of a work
  • Reveal characters’ attributes
  • Indicate the time and place
tell me if the following pictures are examples of setting if so what mood or atmosphere is created

Tell me if the following pictures are examples of setting.If so…What mood or atmosphere is created?

in the fall of the house of usher by edgar allen poe
In “The Fall of the House of Usher” by Edgar Allen Poe,

the opening paragraph conveys an overwhelming atmosphere of impending doom, decay, and disaster; reveals character; and suggests the theme.

During the whole of a dull, dark, and soundless day in the autumn of the year, when the clouds hung oppressively low in the heavens, I had been passing alone, on horseback, through a singularly dreary tract of country, and at length found myself, as the shades of evening drew on, within view of the melancholy House of Usher.


I knew not how it was-but with the first glimpse of the building, a sense of insufferable gloom pervaded my spirit… I looked upon the scene before me-upon the mere house, and the simple landscape features of the domain-upon the bleak walls-upon the vacant eye-like windows-upon the few rank sedges-and upon a few white trunks of decayed trees-with an utter depression of the soul which I can compare to no earthly sensation more properly than to the after-dream of the reveler upon opium-the hideous dropping off of the veil. There was iciness, a sinking, a sickening of the heart-an unredeemed dreariness of thought which no goading of the imagination could torture into aught of the sublime.

in this opening scene not only is the setting established
In this opening scene, not only is the setting established…

Character is revealed, and the mood is created and impressed upon the reader.

Since the house with its “vacant eye-like windows” later becomes a metaphor for its inhabitants and the emptiness not only of their lives, but their moral conscience, there is an early establishment of character. A closer examination of words reveals MUCH MORE.

The word “autumn” often suggest the decline or end of something, and indeed this story deals with the end of a family line.

The words “dull,” “dark,” “dreary,” and “soundless” suggest the state in which Roderick lives, since he suffers from acuteness of the senses and closes himself off from the intrusive world.

The use of the words “shades of evening” metaphorically allude to death, thus foreshadowing Roderick and his twin sister’s death. The words “rank sedges” and “decay” introduce the theme of work – the decay and descent of a prominent family. The words “insufferable gloom,” “bleak walls,” “melancholy,” and “utter depression” establish the mood of the story and the characters.

let s switch gears
Let’s switch gears…

What about this passage from “The Lottery” by Shirley Jackson???


The morning of June 27th was clear and sunny, with the fresh warmth of a full summer day; the flowers were blooming profusely and the grass was richly green. The people of the village began to gather in the square, between the post office and the bank, around ten o’clock…



You are to read “The Yellow Wallpaper” and examine how setting is used in the story and how it functions or what purpose it serves. I will tell you ahead of time that much of the setting is symbolic. Remember that setting is just not the outdoors but the house and any and all objects in it.


Please turn in these questions before you leave today.. You may begin reading “The Yellow Wallpaper” when you are through answering the questions below.

1. What is one interesting thing you’ve learned today?2. Name one thing you are still confused about.3. List two things that you would like to know more about…