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GLAS Instrument (Geoscience Laser Altimeter System). Measures polar ice-sheet topography and temporal changes in topography; cloud heights, planetary boundary heights, and aerosol vertical structure; and land and water topography . GLAS Instrument (ICESat Spacecraft).

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glas instrument geoscience laser altimeter system
GLAS Instrument(Geoscience Laser Altimeter System)
  • Measures polar ice-sheet topography and temporal changes in topography; cloud heights, planetary boundary heights, and aerosol vertical structure; and land and water topography

GLAS Instrument (ICESat Spacecraft)

Picture Courtesy of Ball Aerospace

glas instrument structure w mass simulators
GLAS Instrument Structure w/ Mass Simulators

Telescope Bench

2” Honeycomb Core

0.06” Composite Facesheets

Optical Bench

4” Honeycomb Core

0.08” Composite Facesheets

stop analysis structural thermal optical
STOP Analysis(Structural-Thermal-OPtical)
  • Used to predict optical performance of a system degraded by thermal distortions
  • NASTRAN used to predict motion and deformation of optical components

Accurate Material Thermal Properties Required for STOP Analysis

GLAS NASTRAN Thermal Model

laser interferometer used to measure glas bench cte
Laser Interferometer Used to Measure GLAS Bench CTE
  • Laser Interferometer suitable for real time displacement of components with CTE values as low as 10-9 /K
  • Temperature can be accurately cycled over wide range
  • 8” x 8” Samples

Information Provided By Precision Measurements and Instruments Corporation (PMIC)

michelson laser interferometer
Michelson Laser Interferometer
  • Helium-neon laser provides stable frequency beam
  • Laser is split by beam splitter (BS)
  • First beam is reflected off mirror PZT and passes into vacuum chamber
  • Second beam passes though BS and enters vacuum chamber
  • Beams are reflected off sample mounted mirrors and return along their respective paths and interfere, forming a fringe pattern
  • Beam splitter SP separates finge pattern light and directs them to photo-detectors PD1 and PD2
  • Each shift in the fringe pattern corresponds to a change in sample length equal to 1/2 the wavelength of the laser light (12.456 min)

Information Provided By Precision Measurements and Instruments Corporation (PMIC)

glas optical bench nastran model

Composite Face Sheet (Plate Element)

CTE = 0.21 min/in*C

Aluminum Honeycomb Core (Solid Element)

CTE = 0.21 min/in*C (L and W Directions)

GLAS Optical Bench NASTRAN Model