The Great Schism. The Great Schism is the name given to the split that formed in the Church in the eleventh century A.D. The separation of this led to the "Roman Catholic" Church, known as the Western Church, and the "Greek Catholic" or "Greek Orthodox Church," known as the Eastern Church.
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The Great Schism is the name given to the split that formed in the Church in the eleventh century A.D. The separation of this led to the "Roman Catholic" Church, known as the Western Church, and the "Greek Catholic" or "Greek Orthodox Church," known as the Eastern Church.
“The schism between the two Churches in 1054 had been on points of theology, ritual and church discipline and had gone unnoticed by the mass of laymen. However, it did give rise to a new literary form, the anti – Latin treatise.”
‘The Byzantine Empire’ – Robert Downing
There is no single event that caused the breakdown between the Catholic and Orthodox Church. But many factors that contributed to it.
-The Norman invasion caused problems between the east and west.
-The Byzantine churches spoke Greek and had different customs than the Roman church.
-The Normans made the churches they conquered use Latin rituals.
-To get even, the Emperor in the east made the Latin churches over there use Eastern customs.
The dominant language of the West was Latin, whilst the most spoken language in the East was Greek. When the language unity began to change soon cultural unity began to fall as well.
“Since 1054 not even the Christian Church had been at one. On the surface, the schism was the result of firstly an interpolation of the creed by the West which the Eastern Church was unable to accept and secondly of the liturgical problem of whether leavened or unleavened bread should be used at communion. But just as important as the growing differences in theology and ritual were matters of politics – Church politics like the question of the primacy of Rome and secular politics like the rivalry between the two ‘Roman’ Empires of East and West. The Cultural differences between the two sides were too great for the unity of Christendom to survive for too long.”
‘The Crusades’ – Hans Eberhard Mayer