How to use the acquis communautaire? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. How to usethe acquis communautaire? Patrick A. Messerlin Groupe d’Economie Mondiale at Sciences Po Video-conference The World Bank Paris, France February 5, 2010 Groupe d'Economie Mondiale http://gem.sciences-po.fr

  2. Overview • Acquis communautaire (“acquis”): • its growth and stock • its two main goals • Acquis: far to be the key • Regulatory assessment • Performances of the “New Member States” • How to use the acquis? Groupe d'Economie Mondiale http://gem.sciences-po.fr

  3. Acquis: its growth & stock • Rapid growth: GDP growth+1% (1990s), GDP growth+3% (2000) => Stock of 1600+ texts. • Covers complex issues: from industrial standards to services. Groupe d'Economie Mondiale http://gem.sciences-po.fr

  4. Acquis: its two main goals • Setting pro-competitive rules raise few problems: positive impact • when generates complex procedures => then should look for “simplification”. • Setting norms raises (much) more serious questions: • Norms are often function of the income level. • Norms tend to raise (immediate) costs. • Hence, the richer the people are, the more often they consider norms as desirable and the more they can afford cost-increasing regulations. • Challenge for the EU neighbors, and increasingly internal EU challenge because the EU is increasingly heterogeneous. Groupe d'Economie Mondiale http://gem.sciences-po.fr

  5. Acquis: far to be the key (1) Groupe d'Economie Mondiale http://gem.sciences-po.fr

  6. Acquis: far to be the key (2) Groupe d'Economie Mondiale http://gem.sciences-po.fr

  7. How to use the acquis? • (i) Areas with little work beyond WTO/ENP, (ii) areas where deep integration is in the ENP best interests, (iii) areas with significant regulatory costs and (iv) areas to be excluded. Groupe d'Economie Mondiale http://gem.sciences-po.fr

  8. How to use the acquis? • Looking at alternatives (airlines) Groupe d'Economie Mondiale http://gem.sciences-po.fr

  9. Thank You for Your Attention Groupe d'Economie Mondiale http://gem.sciences-po.fr

  10. Additional slides (if necessary) Groupe d'Economie Mondiale http://gem.sciences-po.fr

  11. The EU: Sixteen Treaties plus one? Groupe d'Economie Mondiale http://gem.sciences-po.fr

  12. Acquis growth • The acquis consists in (i) regulations and (ii) directives • Acquis growth: • 1990s: 3% pa (2% GDP) • 2000s: 5.4% pa (2.2% GDP) • Large turnover of EU regulations (bottom curves) Groupe d'Economie Mondiale http://gem.sciences-po.fr

  13. Acquis: pro-competitive vs. norm setting Groupe d'Economie Mondiale http://gem.sciences-po.fr

  14. The EU reality: EF: loosing ground with respect WE & reference countries WE: loosing ground with respect the reference countries EC: catching up Beyond averages: individual Member States show very different evolutions Regulatory reform: a process much more competitive than expected Groupe d'Economie Mondiale http://gem.sciences-po.fr

  15. Regulatory reforms: what for? • Economists’ focus on the link between regulatory reforms and efficiency. But, need to adjust to the European environment: what about the link between regulatory reforms and ‘happiness’? Groupe d'Economie Mondiale http://gem.sciences-po.fr