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1 ST Corinthians

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  1. 1ST Corinthians 492

  2. Structure – Bird’s Eye View • Chloe’s information– division (1 Cor 1-4) • Report • Immorality (ch. 5) • Law suit (ch. 6) • Concerning • Male and female (ch. 7) • Freedom (ch. 8) • Spiritual gifts (ch. 12) • Offering of money (ch. 16)

  3. Chapter 1: Greetings (v.1-3) • When was Paul called by Jesus? Why did Paul address himself as an apostle? • What is an apostle? • When did Paul become an apostle? • What is the concept of a “saint” in the bible? • Where is the church of Corinth?

  4. Chapter 1: Thanksgiving (v.4-9) • Enriched by God (grace from God) • In speech • In all knowledge • Not behind in every gift

  5. Chapter 1: Division of the Church (v.10-17) • Information from Chloe: There was division • Belonging to Paul • Belonging to Apollos • Belonging to Peter • Belonging to Christ • Questions: What causes people to have divisions? • Questions: How do you solve the problem of division? (1 Cor 3:21-23; 4:6ff)

  6. Chapter 1: The Salvation of the Cross (1:18-25) • The cross is the power of God (1:18) • Win over death. (1 Cor 15:55) • Man can be justified by faith. (Rm3:25) • The cross is the wisdom of God (1:21) • To destroy the wisdom of man. (1:19) • Through death to destroy Satan who controls death. (Heb 2:14) • The cross cannot be accepted by man (1:22f) • The Jews wanted miracles, yet Christ was a stumbling rock. • The Greeks wanted wisdom, yet the cross was a fool. • The cross will be accepted by the chosen one (1:24)

  7. Spiritual Wisdom • How surpassing is spiritual wisdom? (2:6-8) • Differs from earthly wisdom (2:6) • Spiritual man can understand (2:6) • Earthly man cannot understand (2:8a) • One cannot see with their eyes, hear with their ears (2:9) • How to obtain spiritual wisdom? (2:10-12) • The Holy Spirit will reveal to us (2:10) • The Holy Spirit lets us know the things that are freely given to us (2:12)

  8. Chapter 5: The Church Shall Not Allow Sexual Immorality • Rebuking the church (5:1f) • Some one had his father’s wife. • The church was puffed up for her “great love” • Telling the church what to do (5:3-5) • Call the congregation meeting. • In the name of Jesus cast the evil one to Satan. • Telling the church why (5:5-8) • The spiritual can be saved, the flesh can be destroyed. • Get rid of yeast. • Telling the church the principles to deal with the evil one (5:9-13) • How to deal with the sinners (inside church vs. outside church)

  9. Chapter 6: No Lawsuits Between Brothers and Sisters • Members shall not seek judgment outside the church • It shames the church - strife among members (6:5) • Demotes the noble status of members (6:2f) • It is a fault to sue brothers among you (6:7) • Would you rather suffer yourself for your brother? (Ps 15:2f) • The unrighteousness cannot inherit the kingdom of God (6:9)

  10. Chapter 6: Be Careful About Your Body • All things are permissible, but… (6:12; 10:23f) • Make sure your body can glorify God. • Make sure your body can edify man. • Make sure your body is not controlled by anything. • Food, sex, and body (6:13) • Food is for body and body for food, but both perish. • Body is not for fornication, but for the Lord. • Resurrection and body (6:14) • God resurrected Jesus and will resurrect us. • Christ and body (6:15) • Our bodies are members of Christ. • Do not defile body by sexual immorality. • Glorify God with your body (6:18-20)

  11. Chapter 7: Concerning Male and Female • General rules: • It is better for a man not to touch a woman (7:1) • Men and women shall have their own spouse (7:2) • Offering sex to your spouse is a duty (7:3) • Praying hard for a short time could be the only reason of no sex with spouse (7:5)

  12. Chapter 7: Concerning Male and Female • Singlehood (7:7) • Paul enjoyed his single life. He hoped others could be like him.(7:7) • Paul did not order people to be single (7:6) • One needs to have the gift to remain single. If no gift, better get married (7:8f; Mt 19:11)

  13. Chapter 7: Concerning Male and Female • Divorce • One shall not have divorce (7:10f) unless it has to do with adultery (Mt 19:9) • One shall not divorce the unbelieving spouse (7:12) • One can save their spouse’s spirituality (7:14) • One can have legal intimacy, so the children have legal parents. • If one spouse insists to depart, let it be (7:15)

  14. Chapter 7: Concerning Male and Female • Virgins: I had no command of the Lord, but now I give my judgment (Paul’s view) • The time is distressing, do not get married. • It is easier to be single to serve the Lord. • Virgins: I had no command of the Lord, but now I give my judgment (Steve’s view) • Strictly abstinent prior to marriage: keep your virginity. (Heb 13:4) • It is better to remain single than marrying a Gentile. (2 Cor 6:14ff) • You shall marry for the Lord. (Rom 14:8) • Entrust your marriage into the hands of God. Be brave. ( Gen 24:56-58) • Build a God-centered family, not a child-centered family.

  15. Chapter 8: Concerning Food Offered to Idols: Free to Eat in the Wrong Place? • Principle of action: knowledge + love (8:1-3) • Knowledge: puffs up • Love: builds up • Do not use your freedom, due to your knowledge, to cause your brother to fall (8:4-13) • The brother, for whom Christ died, is destroyed by your knowledge. (8:11) • When you sin against your brethren and wound their weak consciences, you sin against Jesus Christ. (8;12) • If food is cause of my brothers’ falling, I will never eat meat, lest I cause my brother to fall. (10:13)

  16. Chapter 9: Concerning Food Offered to Idols: Free to Eat in the Wrong Place? • Paul’s example. He was a apostle, yet... (9:1) • Paul gave up his freedom/right to eat and drink for preaching the gospel. (9:1-4) • Paul gave up his freedom/right to marry in the Lord and bring his wife around. (9:5) • “I have made no use of my rights…” (9:12,15,18) • “Though I am free from all men, I have made myself a slave to all, that I might win the more.” (9:19)

  17. Chapter 10: Concerning Food Offered to Idols: Free to Eat in the Wrong Place? • Wilderness example: • Let anyone who thinks that he stands take heed lest he fall. (10:1-13) • Lord’s supper example: • What do I imply then? That food offered to idols is anything, or that an idol is anything? No, I imply that when pagans sacrifice they offer to demons and not to God. (10:19-20) • You cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons. (10:21)

  18. Chapter 12: Concerning Spiritual Gifts • The original source of the spiritual gifts? • It was given by the same Holy Spirit. (12:11) • The benefits of spiritual gifts • Spiritual gifts are for the common good. (12:7) • Different gifts from the same Spirit (12:8-11) • words of wisdom • words of knowledge • faith • healing • working of miracles • prophecies • discernment of spirits • speaking in tongues • interpretation of tongues

  19. Chapter 12: Concerning Spiritual Gifts • Different services from the same Lord (12:11-26) • You are the body of Christ and individually members of it. (12:27) • Different workings/operations from the same God (12:28ff) • apostle • prophet • teacher • worker of miracles • healing • help • government • speaking in tongues and interpreting of tongues

  20. Chapter 12: Concerning Spiritual Gifts Comparing with: 1 Corinthians 12:28ff • apostle • prophet • teacher • worker of miracles • healing • help • government • speaking in tongue and interpreting of tongues • Eph 4:11 • apostle • prophet • evangelist • pastor • teacher • Now • preacher/pastor • sermon speaker/ prophet • RE teacher • council/government • help (GA employee)

  21. Chapter 13: Concerning Spiritual Gifts – The Greatest Gift is Love • Value of love shown by its absence (13:1-3) • Characteristics of love shown by its presence (13:4-7) • Abiding nature of love shown by comparison (13:8-13) • Love never fails/ceases. Gifts will cease. (13:8) • Love is limitless. Gifts are limited. (13:9) • Love exists in heaven. Gifts remain on earth. (13:13)

  22. Chapter 14: Concerning Spiritual Gifts – Desire Especially the Gift of Prophecy • Prophecy is for edification, exhortation, and comfort (14:3) • Prophecy is to edify the church (14:4)

  23. Chapter 16: Concerning Offering Money • One shall offer according to his income (16:2) • To approve someone to deliver the offering to Jerusalem (16:3) • If I shall also go, please send someone to go with me (16:4)

  24. Homework • How to prevent the church from division? • What is the difference between separation and division? (Paul and Barnabas separated later on)