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CHAPTER: 19 – The Changing Life of the People

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CHAPTER: 19 – The Changing Life of the People. OVERALL . In general, is the standard of living improving during the 18 th century?. Marriage and the Family. How did the combination of the nuclear family and late marriage influence Europe?.

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slide1
CHAPTER: 19 – The Changing Life of the People

OVERALL

  • In general, is the standard of living improving during the 18th century?
slide2
Marriage and the Family
  • How did the combination of the nuclear family and late marriage influence Europe?

parish records self-sufficiency inheritance / approval

slide3
Marriage and the Family
  • What could happen to young men and women working outside of the family structure?

apprenticeship domestic service

slide4
Marriage and the Family
  • Describe attitudes toward premarital sex, illegitimacy, and family planning before 1750.

contraception community controls

slide5
Marriage and the Family
  • How do patterns shift as industrialization begins?

urban migration illegitimacy explosion romance wages

slide6
Marriage and the Family
  • How does prostitution evolve during this time period?

legality venereal disease courtesans

slide7
Marriage and the Family
  • What are the attitudes toward homosexuality over time and throughout social classes?

sodomy laws producing heirs subcultures middle class morality

slide8
Children and Education
  • What issues revolved around babies?

infant mortality / childbirth nursing / wet-nursing

slide9
What options were there for unwanted pregnancies?

Children and Education

abortion / infanticide foundling homes

slide10
Children and Education
  • Why was this a dangerous time to be a child?

emotional attachment childhood mortality discipline Enlightenment Rousseau’s Emile

slide11
Children and Education
  • What educational opportunities are available?

Jesuit schools “charity schools” compulsory universal education

slide12
Popular Culture and Consumerism
  • What books are popular during the “reading revolution”?

Bible / chapbooks fantasy almanacs / manuals pamphlets tabloids

slide13
Popular Culture and Consumerism
  • What recreational activities were available for leisure time?

winter months alcohol municipal sponsorship entertainment for profit blood sports carnival

slide14
Popular Culture and Consumerism
  • Who ate well and who had poor diets?

“just price” / bread riots rural / poor townspeople upper class market gardening new overseas foods

slide15
Popular Culture and Consumerism
  • Why is the 18th century a consumer revolution?

clothing homes status possessions individualism

slide16
Religious Authority and Beliefs
  • How had the structure of religion developed by the 1700’s?

parish “territorial churches” state control Jesuits Edict on Idle Institutions

slide17
Religious Authority and Beliefs
  • Why is the 18th century a “Second Reformation”?

Pietism John Wesley Methodism

slide18
Religious Authority and Beliefs
  • What other groups participate in the religious revival?

Catholic festivals / processions folklore Jansenism *Hasidism

slide19
Religious Authority and Beliefs
  • Where is superstition still prevalent?

pagan beliefs witches Enlightenment

slide20
Medical Practice
  • Is health advanced for the average person in the 18th century?

faith healers apothecaries purging bloodletting rich vs. poor

slide21
Medical Practice
  • Were hospitals safe havens?

cauterization / amputation painkillers / anesthesia sanitation / infection asylum / lunatics

slide22
Medical Practice
  • Were midwives more effective than doctors?

Madame du Coudray

slide23
Medical Practice
  • What is the most tangible benefit of the Scientific Method on the common people?

Mary Wortley Montagu Edward Jenner smallpox vaccination

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