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## Problem Solving in the Classroom

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**1. **Problem Solving in the Classroom Nina Djonovic
MTH 4960
June 14, 2007

**2. **What about Problem Solving? The importance of problem solving
The challenges of problem solving
How to make it meaningful
How to assess it
Suggestions for teachers

**3. **Why is Problem Solving Important? NCTM states “problem solving is the reason we teach math.”
Lessons are centered around problem solving.
Problem solving reflects comprehension rather than computational skill.
Problem solving helps students become more creative and applicable.

**4. **Why are Students Afraid of it? It requires mathematical skills and a thinking process.
Many students have a hard time deciding which operation should be used.
It requires risk-taking.
It requires patience.

**5. **How Can We Change these Negative Attitudes? Always start with easy problems.
Frequent short sets.
Use simple numbers
Have group work
Feel-good environment

**6. **How Can We Make Problem Solving Meaningful? Real world problems attract students.
Make problems personal.
Role playing
Use manipulatives
Problem solving game

**7. **How to Assess Problem Solving Process just as important as product
Teacher must observe
Holistic rubrics
Analytical
Have students write
Ask for more than one strategy

**8. **What Teachers Need to Do Teachers need to be a model!
Teacher need to assist students!
Encourage math talk!
Give praise!
Keep a positive attitude!

**9. **Resources O‘Connell, Susan. Introduction to Problem Solving. Portsmouth, NH: Heinmann, 2000
Charles, Randall I., and Edward A. Silver. The Teaching and Assessing of Mathematical Problem Solving. Vol. 3. Reston, VA: The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 1988.
Charles, Randall I., and Edward A. Silver. The Teaching and Assessing of Mathematical Problem Solving. Vol. 3. Reston, VA: The National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, 1988.