THE IMPACT OF RELIGIOUS LEADERS’ ADVOCACY INTERVENTION IN GUINEA
Download
1 / 53

THE IMPACT OF RELIGIOUS LEADERS ADVOCACY INTERVENTION IN GUINEA - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 134 Views
  • Uploaded on

THE IMPACT OF RELIGIOUS LEADERS’ ADVOCACY INTERVENTION IN GUINEA. MICHAEL BLAKE AND STELLA BABALOLA Johns Hopkins University Center for Communication Programs, Baltimore, Maryland Paper presented at the 2001 APHA Annual Conference, October 21-25, 2001, Atlanta, GA. Background.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'THE IMPACT OF RELIGIOUS LEADERS ADVOCACY INTERVENTION IN GUINEA' - marie


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Slide1 l.jpg

THE IMPACT OF RELIGIOUS LEADERS’ ADVOCACY INTERVENTION IN GUINEA

MICHAEL BLAKE AND STELLA BABALOLA

Johns Hopkins University Center for Communication Programs, Baltimore, Maryland

Paper presented at the 2001 APHA Annual Conference, October 21-25, 2001, Atlanta, GA


Background l.jpg
Background GUINEA

  • Guinea’s population is predominantly Muslim

  • Religious leaders are very important community gate keepers and sources of information, particularly in rural areas

  • Few religious leaders know modern methods of FP, many associate FP with sterilization


Background4 l.jpg
Background GUINEA

  • Many leaders believe modern methods are forbidden by Islamic texts

  • Guinea has a group of Islamic scholars willing to increase awareness of Islam and reproductive health (Oulemas de Guinee); some work done with them in HIV/AIDS prevention (by PSI)


Advocacy part of men s multimedia campaign l.jpg
Advocacy Part of Men’s Multimedia Campaign GUINEA

  • Work with religious leaders was an integral component of the men’s campaign, which was designed and implemented as part of the USAID-funded PRISM RH project in two regions of Guinea: Haute Guinee and Guinee Forestiere. The PRISM project is being implemented by MSH and JHUCCP.


Advocacy goal l.jpg
Advocacy Goal GUINEA

  • To foster an enabling environment and increased social support for family planning and other health center services.


Target audience l.jpg
Target Audience GUINEA

  • Religious leaders from towns that have a health center in PRISM project zone (Faranah, Nzerekore, and Kankan regions).


Objectives of rl intervention l.jpg
Objectives of RL Intervention GUINEA

  • Before the end of the campaign, 75% of religious leaders will know at least 3 modern methods of FP

  • Before the end of the campaign, 50% of religious leaders will hold at least 2 sermons on FP per month


Formative research l.jpg
FORMATIVE RESEARCH GUINEA

  • Pre-intervention FGDs and in-depth interviews among local religious leaders revealed:

    • Widespread recognition among the religious leaders that closely spaced births are contrary to the teachings of Islam;

    • FP is acceptable for the purpose of child spacing but not for limiting the number of children;


Formative research11 l.jpg
FORMATIVE RESEARCH GUINEA

  • The only situation that could justify the use of FP for limiting the number of births is when the health of the mother is in jeopardy;

  • A lot of misinformation about modern FP methods;

  • Modern family planning methods associated with debauchery and perceived to be contrary to the teachings of Islam;


Advocacy strategies l.jpg
Advocacy Strategies GUINEA

  • Collaborate with a highly visible and respected religious organization (Oulemas de Guinee)

  • Increase visibility of local leaders

  • Focus on family health


Key family planning messages l.jpg
Key Family Planning Messages GUINEA

  • Islam supports the use of modern family planning methods among married couples

  • Modern methods of FP are readily available in local health centers

  • Modern FP methods are safe and very effective


Project activities workshop l.jpg
Project Activities: Workshop GUINEA

  • 15 district workshops:

    • Participants included 3 religious leaders from each health center catchment area.

    • Over 450 leaders attended.

    • The three-day workshops featured local, regional and national facilitators.


Project activities workshop15 l.jpg
Project Activities: Workshop GUINEA

  • The workshop focused on:

    • Islam and Child Health,

    • Islam and Maternal Health,

    • Islam and Couple Health, and

    • Islam and Family Planning


Activities video l.jpg
Activities: Video GUINEA

  • Video (local language):

    • Made up of four segments reflecting themes of workshop;

    • used to stimulate discussion and give national/regional leader’s viewpoints;

    • in addition to workshop airing, also used during community mobilization events


Activities print materials l.jpg
Activities: Print materials GUINEA

  • 1 poster : featuring passage from Al-Baqara

  • 2 brochures describing, Islam and Family Planning: What I should know


Activities radio l.jpg
Activities: Radio GUINEA

  • Radio drama: Imam featured in 3 of 26 episodes

  • Radio programs, including roundtable discussions and interviews with local religious leaders, all in local languages



Methodology l.jpg
METHODOLOGY GUINEA

  • Impact evaluation is based on panel data derived from pre and post-intervention surveys among religious leaders. The same religious leaders were interviewed before the intervention and at the end of the intervention, four months later.







Who know verses of koran or hadith that favor use of fp l.jpg
% who know verses of Koran or - cont.Hadith that favor use of FP

n=98



Who believe that islam allows use of fp methods for limiting births l.jpg
% who believe that Islam allows use spacingof FP methods for limiting births

n=98


Who believe that specific fp methods are forbidden by islam l.jpg
% who believe that specific FP spacingmethods are forbidden by Islam

n=98


Who believe that specific fp methods are forbidden by islam cont l.jpg
% who believe that specific FP methods spacingare forbidden by Islam - cont.

n=98


Mean of methods considered mubah or haram baseline follow up l.jpg
Mean # of methods considered “mubah” spacingor “haram”: baseline, follow-up

n=98



Who believe that having many children is a sign of wealth baseline follow up l.jpg
% who believe that having many children spacingis a sign of wealth: baseline, follow-up

n=98












Who believe that most of the men in their community approve of fp l.jpg
% who believe that most of the men in approve of FPtheir community approve of FP

n=98



Who have ever encouraged someone to use a modern fp method l.jpg
% who have ever encouraged someone approve of FPto use a modern FP method

n=98




Use of modern contraceptive methods l.jpg
Use of Modern Contraceptive Methods planning during last 3 months



Conclusion l.jpg
Conclusion follow-up

  • It is possible to change religious leaders’ perceptions about modern family planning in a traditional and pronatalist society as Guinea;

  • Putting family planning within the context of Islamic religion enabled religious leaders to identify with the concept and helped to enlist their support in the promotion of family planning;


Conclusion52 l.jpg
Conclusion follow-up

  • Start dialogue with community leaders on a clear common agenda, such as child survival, then move toward more potentially controversial areas (e.g. HIV/AIDS, family planning)

  • “How” you do is as important as “what” you do.


Conclusion53 l.jpg
Conclusion follow-up

  • Much work remains to be done with leaders and community members:

    • FP for limiting/permanent methods

    • FGM/FGC

    • Condom promotion

    • Adolescent reproductive health