Please Do Now: Choose one of the following questions and answer in your notebook/binder:1. Think of locations that have influenced you in meaningful ways. In what ways do these locations influence your perspective on life?2. Consider the writing of one of your favorite writers. In what way does his/her writing help to shape people’s understanding of society?
Unit 3: Essential QuestionsWhat is the relationship between place and literature?How does literature shape or reflect society?
A Turbulent Time 17th and 18th Century British Literature English IV Honors Mrs. McLeod
Review: Putting it into Context • Old English and Medieval Period (449-1485) • Successive waves of invaders come to British Isles • Groups fight and join together, eventually forming one nation, combining cultures and language • Feudal era: form of government and social organization brought by Normans (1100-1455) • Literature: “shared stories” recited or sung for entertainment • Beowulf—first epic poem of British literature • Chaucer's Canterbury Tales: England’s great medieval poem about pilgrimage
Review: Putting it into Context • Renaissance and Reformation (1485-1625) • Renaissance = “Rebirth” • Time of great innovation in art, literature, science, exploration • Renewed interest in classical works • Reformation: reaction to corruption in Catholic Church • Henry VII falls in love with Anne Boleyn; petitions for divorce; severs ties with Catholic Church • Daughter Elizabeth I helps to usher in Protestantism • Age of prosperity and peace (mostly) • Most significant literature: • Shakespeare plays • King James Bible
Unit 3: A Turbulent Time17th and 18th Century British Literature • Political and Social Turmoil • English Civil War: King vs. Parliament • Industrial and Agricultural revolutions • Political revolutions in America and France • The Plague • The Great Fire of London • City vs. Countryside • Separation of Church and State How did this shape the literature of its time?
ASSIGNMENT: • Read and take notes on pages 464-474 in your textbooks • Create 10 thoughtful questions regarding this time in history and literature to be used for a class quiz—questions can be multiple choice, true/false, short answer, essay, etc. • This is a 20-point assignment. • The best questions will be used on an actual class quiz
PLEASE DO NOW: • Complete yesterday’s assignment; using the introduction for Unit 3 (pp. 464-474), create ten thoughtful questions to be used for a class quiz. • Assignment will be collected and graded. (20 points)
Metaphysical Poetry • Characterized by intellectual display • Concerned with metaphysical, or philosophical, issues • Uses poetic devices • Conceits: metaphors that link dissimilar objects or ideas • Ie., Comparing lovers to a flea or to a drawing compass • Paradoxes: images that appear self-contradictory but reveal a deeper truth • Ie., “Death, thou shalt die.” • A reaction to Elizabethan poetry
John Donne (1572-1631)Man of Contradictions • A life of contradictions • As a young man: sly, witty love poems • Older: one of England’s most popular preachers, focused on meditation and sermons • Secretly married Anne More, employer’s niece • For love? • For career advancement? • Ironically, it ruins his chance for social advancement • Contradiction at the heart of his poetry
Vocabulary to know • Profanation: action of showing disrespect for something sacred • Laity: those not initiated into the priesthood • Trepidation: trembling • Contention: dispute, argument • Piety: devotion to sacred duties • Covetousness: greediness
John Donne Poems: • “A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning” (p. 484) • “Holy Sonnet 10” (p. 487)
“Valediction” Questions • Paraphrase what poet is trying to say • What is the conceit—the unusual comparison—Donne uses in this poem? • Is the argument persuasive? Why or why not? • What statement is he making about ideal love?
Challenge • Just as Donne used his compass conceit to describe love, develop your own conceit using another instrument or object to express a truth about human relationships—i.e., romantic love, friendship, sisterhood, parenthood, etc. • You can develop this conceit into a poem or a detailed prose explanation of the conceit. • Be creative! Have some fun with this assignment! • Due Tuesday. 20 point assignment.
“Holy sonnet 10” p. 487 • Paraphrase what Donne is saying about death. • Compare and contrast “Sonnet” to “Valediction.” What is the same/different in terms of subject matter, tone, literary device, etc.?