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A Turbulent Decade 1919-1929. What Do These Words Have in Common?. What you need to know…. Discuss some of the economic outcomes of demobilization (leaving the war). List the main causes of the 1919 strikes and how did people react to the strikes? Explain the public hysteria of the Red Scare.

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a turbulent decade 1919 1929

A Turbulent Decade1919-1929

What Do These Words Have in Common?

what you need to know
What you need to know…
  • Discuss some of the economic outcomes of demobilization (leaving the war).
  • List the main causes of the 1919 strikes and how did people react to the strikes?
  • Explain the public hysteria of the Red Scare.
  • Explain why the Sacco & Vanzetti trial caught public interest.
1 economic outcomes of demobilization
#1 Economic outcomes of demobilization.
  • Demobilization = transition from wartime to peacetime
  • Caused:
    • Unemployment 
    • Wages 
    • Shortages left prices 
    • Farm prices 
2 main causes of strikes
#2Main Causes of Strikes
  • Demanded higher wages, shorter hours and better working conditions.


Americans reacted???

  • Public opinion firmly against strikes
    • Say they were Russian Bolsheviks
    • Strike = weapon of revolution
    • “Agents of Lenin”
    • Steel strike: jailed, beaten & shot
3 red scare
#3Red Scare
  • Fear of a Bolshevik revolution in U.S. made people crazy!!
  • What were they scared of ?????
    • Change – fear of communism
    • Many people believed that all

radicals wanted to overthrow the

U.S. government.

“Reds” – were everywhere

Immigrants hit worse

4 public interest in sacco vanzetti
#4Public interest in Sacco & Vanzetti
  • Hostility toward foreigners & radicals persisted.
  • Sacco & Vanzetti
    • Anarchists
    • Charged with murders during a robbery
    • Had an unfair trial

Showed a division in America

Labor leaders & radical socials = supported them

Many people frightened by Red Scare = opposed them

communism vs capitalism
Communism vs. Capitalism
  • Communism:
    • A form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
    • Favors collectivism

in a classless society

  • Capitalism
    • A system in which

wealth, and the means

of producing wealth,

are privately owned

the republicans in power

The Republicans in Power

Election of 1920

Warren G. Harding vs. James Cox

Harding ran a campaign to return to “normalcy.”

He won by an earthquake!

what you need to know9
What you need to know…
  • How Republican policies encouraged economic growth.
  • Positive & Negative effects of Harding’s pro-business policies
  • Why Equal Rights Amendment failed
  • Explain how Republican Party overcame the political scandals of the Harding administration.
  • Issues that affected the outcome of the 1928 presidential election.
1 economic growth
#1Economic Growth
  • Fordney-McCumber Tariff Act
    • Pushed tariff rates to an all time high
    • Enabled business to keep prices high & increase profits
  • Eliminated taxes on wealthy
    • Wealthy have more $$ to invest  Economic growth
2 how pro business policies affect economy
#2 How Pro-business policies affect Economy
  • Tax cuts = mergers (combine 2 or more companies)
  • Business profits  60% / Workers profits  10%
  • Farmers suffered
  • Some industry faced pay cuts & unemployment
  • Organized labor suffered
    • American Plan: union-free
    • “Yellow-dog contracts” prevented workers from joining a union
women s rights grew
Women’s Rights Grew -
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Susan B. Anthony & Lucretia Mott
    • Troubled by Women’s status in American society.
      • Vote
      • Second-class citizens
      • Less education (Higher Ed)
      • Few professions
      • Lower wages
      • Married Women
        • Property
        • Wages
        • Divorce – kids?
  • 1920 – Women gained suffrage
3 equal rights amendment fail
#3Equal Rights Amendment Fail???
  • Feminists – women’s rights activists
  • Divisions in Women’s Rights Movement

For: Limiting work hours for women encouraged business to hire women

Against: Legislation protecting women might be unconstitutional

Many women divided & felt it was not their place to vote.

“Men & women shall have equal rights throughout the United States and every place subject to its jurisdiction.”

4 republican party overcame harding s scandals
#4Republican party overcame Harding’s scandals
  • After Harding’s quick death, VP Coolidge took over and fired many in Harding’s administration.
  • Coolidge continued a pro-business
    • Reduced taxes on wealthy
5 1928 election outcome
#5 1928 Election Outcome
  • Coolidge didn’t run!!!
  • Republican Herbert Hoover vs. Democrat Alfred E. Smith
    • Hoover
      • Reputation skill and efficiency
      • He was a republican  the country was doing well = he was good
    • Smith
      • A Progressive
      • Opposed prohibition
      • Supported by urban Immigrants
      • Catholic, people were afraid that a Catholic would be run by the Pope
what you need to know17
What you need to know…
  • Explain why many supported the Ku Klux Klan and what led to a decline in that support
  • Actions the African Americans took to combat violence & discrimination
  • Reason that Americans demanded immigration restrictions
  • Explain the increase in Mexican immigration in 1920’s
  • Actions that Native Americans took to protect their land
1 americans that supported kkk
#1 Americans that supported KKK
  • African American population more than doubled in 20 years
    • Caused racial tension in the North
    • KKK rebirth and moved north
    • Red Scare  membership growing
    • Targeted, African Americans, Catholics, immigrants, Jewish people & anyone suspected as a radical

#1 Decline of KKK

  • Decrease in Red Scare hysteria
  • Terriorism & Violence turned people away
  • Klan corruption & scandals
2 african americans defend their rights
#2 African Americans Defend their Rights
  • NAACP : National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
    • Pressured law enforcement to investigate violence
    • Published lynching atrocities
  • Unionization
    • Fight discrimination in the workplace
    • Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
  • Nationalism
    • Pan-Africanism Movement
    • Establish black owned businesses
3 immigration restrictions
#3Immigration Restrictions
  • Many Americans feared that the country was being overrun by immigrants

Strange – Why???

  • Belief that immigrants had radical views
  • Belief that immigrants were taking jobs from native-born Americans
4 mexican migration
#4Mexican Migration
  • Mexico had scarce jobs, widespread poverty and political upheaval from a revolution
  • Migration
    • Movement to northern cities for well-paying factory jobs
    • Southwest movement created a steady flow of workers to fill low-wage jobs
5 native american life
#5 Native American Life
  • Dawes Act
    • Divided tribal land into individual plots
    • “Americanize” Native Americans
  • Bursum Bill
    • Tried to legalize non-Indian persons

to claim Pueblo land

    • Did not pass
  • 1924: Congress granted citizenship