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The Parts of a Sentence. Subjects, Predicates, and Complements. Sentence. Definition: A sentence is a word group that contains a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought. Examples: A geek bites the heads off chickens. Another type of geek teaches English. Sentence Fragment.

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the parts of a sentence

The Parts of a Sentence

Subjects, Predicates, and Complements

sentence
Sentence
  • Definition: A sentence is a word group that contains a subject and a verb and expresses a complete thought.
  • Examples:
    • A geek bites the heads off chickens.
    • Another type of geek teaches English.
sentence fragment
Sentence Fragment
  • Definition: A word or word group that does not contain a subject or a verb or does not express a compete thought.
  • Examples:
    • Tonight’s homework.
    • After you finish the homework.
subject and predicate
Subject and Predicate
  • Subject: Tells whom or what the sentence is about.
  • Predicate: tells something about the subject.
    • The subject may appear before or after the predicate.
    • Verb is part of the predicate.
subject
Subject
  • Simple subject: the main word or word group that tells whom or what the sentence is about.
    • The principal of our school fired the uncompetent English teacher.
  • Complete subject: consists of simple subject + any words or word groups that modify the subject.
    • The principal of our school fired the uncompetent English teacher.
predicate
Predicate
  • Simple Predicate: the verb
  • Complete predicate: the verb + all words modifying and completing meaning.
compound subjects and verb
Compound subjects and verb
  • Compound subject consists of two or more subjects that are joined by a conjunction and have the same verb:
    • Examples: Hinsdale South and Hinsdale Central belong to the West Suburban Conference.
  • Compound verbs consists of two or more verbs that are joined by a conjunction and have the same subject.
    • I brush and floss my teeth.
how do i find the parts of a sentence
How do I find the parts of a sentence?
  • Find the verb.
  • Subject: ask who or what before the verb:
    • The coffee tasted strong.
      • What tasted strong?
    • Standing in front of the Space needle, Mr. Kelly looked huge.
      • Who looked huge?
you understood
YOU (understood)
  • Run!
  • Duck!
  • Go to Hell!
  • The subject is you (understood).
your turn
Your turn
  • Turn to exercise 1: Identifying Subjects and verbs on page 37
  • Read and follow the directions on a clean piece of paper.
the direct object
The Direct Object
  • Direct Object: a noun, pronoun, or word group that tells who or what receives the action of the verb or shows the result of the action.
    • The monster ate the boy.
      • Answers the question, “ate whom?”
the indirect object
The indirect object
  • Indirect object is a noun, pronoun, or word group that precedes a direct object and tells to whom or to what the action is being done.
    • The monster fed the monster gods a little boy.
four types of sentences
Four types of sentences
  • Declarative:
    • Makes a statement and ends with a period.
      • This sentence makes a statement and ends with a period.
  • Interrogative
    • Asks a question and ends with a question mark
      • Does this interrogative question end with a question mark?
  • Imperative:
    • Makes a request or gives a command.
      • Make a command.
  • Exclamatory:
    • Shows excitement or expresses strong feelings and ends with an exclamation point.
      • I can’t believe she won Homecoming queen!
homework
Homework
  • Page 49 “exercise A: Identifying Sentences and Sentence Fragments,” “exercise B: Identifying Subjects and Verbs,” and “exercise D: Identifying the four kinds of sentences.”