Educating Designers and Design Educators about Universal Design Roberta L. Null, Ph.D. Common Place Design Whittier, California Joy K. Potthoff, Ed.D., ASID NCIDQ Certification Associate Professor, Interior Design Bowling Green State University Margaret H. Teaford, Ph.D. Assistant Professor School of Allied Medical Professions Ohio State University Sandra Sundermeier, CPA Universal Design Advocate Bowling Green, Ohio
Universal Design Roberta Null, Ph.D. Common Place Design Whittier, CA Arlena Hines Lansing Community College, MI (Powerpoint Presentation)
Universal Design Universal Design is design for all people
Four General Principles of Universal Design • Supportive • Adaptable • Accessible • Safe
Universal Design is Supportive It makes the environment work for the individual, stressing ease of use & maintenance.
Universal Design Easy to use : • Child’s hand with faucet
Universal Design Example: • Easy to use, smooth surface, and also makes it easy to care for. • Faucet
Adaptable Universal Design is adaptable. It serves a wide range of users whose needs change over time.
Universal Design Example: • From GE. “Real Life” (electronically) adjustable kitchen sink cabinet shown at highest level. • Note: Raised placement of dishwasher.
Universal Design • From GE. “Real Life” kitchen sink at lower level.
Accessible The everyday comforts and conveniences that “Normal” individuals enjoy are provided to all people.
Universal Design “No Step” Entrance - California home of Ruby Trow that was designed 15 years ago.
Universal Design Accessible Bed in wall – Closed San Francisco Hotel guest room
Universal Design Easy to use Bed open
Universal Design Accessible • Elevator at end of hallway – • private home, San Diego, California.
Universal Design -Low threshold -Roll in shower -Important for all interior doors
Universal Design Shower in Buuck home User can slide along built in bench to reach shower area Glass block adds light to interior bath
Universal Design Easy to use Kohler Comfort Height Toilet
Universal Design • Accessible • Arjo Freedom Bath” • Open
Universal Design • Accessible • Arjo Freedom Bath” • Closed
Universal Design Adaptable Bocci Adjustable magnifying mirror
Universal Design • Honeywell Thermostat • Easy to use
Universal Design Asco front loading washer & dryer.
Universal Design Easy to use Accessible Combination washer & dryer.
Safe Universal design is safe. It not only provides environments and tools for the presently disabled, but actually anticipates and prevents disabilities such as repetitive strain injuries, back problems, and those caused by accidents.
Universal Design An enlarged chair rail (back wall) provides support
Universal Design Safe Front controls on Range for elderly housing
Universal Design Soft bathtub (also warm to touch)
Universal Design Details of soft bath tub.
Universal Design Decorative grab bars in a senior housing facility.
Universal Design Shower in senior housing facility No step entrance
Universal Design Inexpensive sturdy grab bars
Accessibility Awareness Through teaching the concepts of Universal Design and the requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) codes it became clear to this Interior Design educator that the collaboration of a consultant with disabilities was crucial. In the late 1990’s Sandra Sundermeier, who has multiple sclerosis (MS), volunteered to participate as a consultant to students in the Interior Design program at Bowling Green State University.
Accessibility Awareness She has collaborated with students on many projects including: • Individual residential homes and two nursing homes for adults with Mental Retardation and Learning Disabilities (MR&LD) • 2006 ASID Student Design Competition which required students to design a health spa specifically for clients with MS • Work with Kate Burnham, Holly Harbaugh and Melanie Krebs on their poster display presented at the “Universal Design: Lifespan Collaborative Strategies” exhibit at the University of Southern California
Accessibility Awareness Sandra is dedicated to making students and public aware of the many and varied accessibility issues related to decreased mobility. She has taught the students and myself invaluable lessons about the need for Universal Design in both the interior and exterior built environment. In our presentation we will discuss this ongoing collaboration and show you some of the student’s design work.
Retail Stores Just because I can’t walk doesn’t mean that I can’t think When I’m shopping, don’t ignore me, you never know how much money I have! Don’t put racks of clothing so close together that I can’t get through--I feel like a mouse in a maze and I can’t find my way out. The Maze
Retail Stores Put wheelchairs/electric scooters/walkers near entrances so that I don’t have to “walk” to the middle of the mall to borrow a scooter. How are disabled individuals supposed to get to the designated area to borrow the assistance aids? Their helpers can get them? What if they are elderly? Are the helpers supposed to leave the disabled individual alone while they secure the walker? The Maze Designers should put themselves in the “seat” or shoes of the disabled community before making decisions that affect them.
When you put in handicapped parking spaces, please put them close to the building’s entrance, not just where they will look nice. Remember that some people have a hard time getting around, but are not to the point of using a wheelchair. If you’re having trouble walking, then you probably can’t do steps, and don’t need the extra exercise. Put curb cuts in convenient places, don’t make us go down to the end of the building to get into the door. When you see me coming, hold open the door for me, don’t wait until you see me struggle with the door for several minutes before you offer to help. Better yet, put in automatic door openers so that I can maintain my independence. It’s a Long Way from Here!
Everyone’s Got to Go! • In handicap restrooms, please make sure that they are equipped so that most physically challenged individuals can use them - as independently as possible! • Leave the handicapped stalls for those who need them.