Universal Design. Products and Environments for All Jocelyn Freilinger MLA Associate ASLA. Demographics: Disability & Aging. at least 36 million Americans have permanent disabilities. 46% of those over 65 years of age have limited or severe disabilities.
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Products and Environments for All
Jocelyn Freilinger MLA
Universal design is the design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design.
Ching, Frank. Architectural Graphics. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1975.
There are seven principles which may be used to:
The design is useful and marketable to people with diverse abilities.
The design accommodates a wide range of individual preferences and abilities.
Use of the design is easy to understand, regardless of the user’s experience, knowledge, language skills, or current concentration level.
The design communicates necessary information effectively to the user, regardless of ambient conditions or the user’s sensory abilities.
The design minimizes hazards and the adverse consequences of accidental or unintended actions.
The design can be used efficiently and comfortably and with a minimum of fatigue.
Appropriate size and space is provided for approach, reach, manipulation, and use regardless of user’s body size, posture, or mobility.
“Accessible Environments: Toward Universal Design” by Ronald L. Mace, Graeme J. Hardie, Jaine P. Place in Design Intervention: Toward a More Humane Architecture, Preiser, Vischer and White, eds. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1991.
Adaptive Environments http://www.adaptiveenvironments.org
The Center for Universal Design (1997) The Principles of Universal Design, Version 2.0. Raleigh, NC: North Carolina State University
The Center for Universal Design http://www.design.ncsu.edu/cud/
Seattle and King County Aging and Disability Services: http://www.agingkingcounty.org/design_for_everyone.htm
Universal Design Handbook, Preiser and Ostroff, eds., New York: McGraw-Hill, 2001.