Definitions • Flashback: when an author refers back to something that already took place in the story
Flashback Now try breaking the word FLASHBACK apart. FLASH: a quick glimpse. BACK: a look back in the story at something that previously happened.
FLASHBACK What It Is • Turning back the clock • Scenes that took place in the past • Scenes literally “flash back” • Brings story or play to a standstill • Interrupts story’s chronological order
FLASHBACK What It Is NOT! • Just talking about the past • Referring to past experiences
Why Use Flashback? • Gives audience first hand look at the past • Gives background the audience needs to understand situations or characters • Brings to life the memory of the character having the flashback
Why Use Flashback? • Lets audience understand character behavior and motivation • May give some foreshadowing clues as to the future of the characters
Creating Flashback tip the reader that you are leaving the present transition statement such as, "John remembered the day his father died." clue the reader that you are returning to the present another transition sentence ("But that was then and this was now, and John had to let the past stay in the past."
Definitions • Foreshadowing: when an author mentions or hints at something that will happen later in the story
Foreshadowing Try breaking the word FORESHADOWING apart. FORE means ahead. A SHADOW is a glimpse of something without the complete details.
What is Foreshadowing? • Foreshadowing is a literary device in which an author drops subtle hints about plot developments to come later in the story. • You can think of foreshadowing as a way of giving the reader a chance to make a predication about what might happen next in the story.
Example of Foreshadowing "NOW, my dears," said old Mrs. Rabbit one morning, "you may go into the fields or down the lane, but don't go into Mr. McGregor's garden: your Father had an accident there; he was put in a pie by Mrs. McGregor." ~ Beatrix Potter from The Tale of Peter Rabbit What do you think might happen next?
Foreshadowing • can be subtle • like storm clouds on the horizon suggesting that danger is coming • more direct • such as Romeo and Juliet talking about wanting to die rather than live without each other
Foreshadowing • adds dramatic tension • create suspense • convey information to help the reader understand what comes later • Leaves unanswered questions Why is it important?
How to create foreshadowing • placing clues, both subtle and direct, into the text • mentioning an upcoming event • explaining the plans of the people orcharacters portrayed in the text
Foreshadowing Tip often appears at the beginning of a story or chapter
An Example… • And now you will see portions from the well known children’s story Little Red Riding Hood.
Little Red Riding Hood • Once upon a time, there was a little girl who lived with her mother. Her mother asked her to take her old and lonely grandmother some food one day."Don't stop along the way. Go straight to your Grandma's house and back. Don't talk to any strangers and watch out for the wolf in the woods! Now getalong!" Foreshadowing
Foreshadowing • The first set of underlined words is an example of foreshadowing. Little Red Riding Hood’s mother is warning her about the wolf in the woods, which hints at what may happen next.
Little Red Riding Hood • Whileshe was walking through the woods, a wolf was walking past her. "I bet I could convince her to take the long way. Then I could get to her grandmother's house first and trick her into thinking that I was her grandma. That way I could have her and her grandma for a large feast,” he thought.
Little Red Riding Hood • The wolf went up to Little Red Riding Hood and told her that he knew a shortcut. Little Red Riding Hood thought back to what her mother told her. “Don’t talk to any strangers and watch out for the wolf in the woods!” But it was too late, she had already listened to the wolf’s directions. Flashback
Flashback • The second set of underlined words is an example of flashback. Little Red Riding Hood is thinking back to something that happened earlier in the story.
Little Red Riding Hood • Most know how the rest of the story ends. Little Red Riding Hood and her grandma are saved from the wolf. Hopefully you can understand foreshadowingand flashbacknow.
Review When an author mentions or hints at something that will happen later in the story, it is called Foreshadowing
Review • When an author refers back to something that has already happened in the story, it is called Flashback
Review Question 1 1. Sarah closed her eyes and took a deep breath. It was exactly a year ago today that she stood in this very same spot, trying to do the very same thing. “How could I be doing this?” Sarah thought to herself. She took a deep breath and recalled that embarrassing and humiliating time. She had sung on stage a million times, but, for some reason, that night was different. As she gazed out in the into the crowd, she saw them. They never came, yet there they were. Sarah’s breath had quickened and her heart began to beat a mile a minute. “I can’t do this,” she mumbled as she fled the stage. And now, exactly a year later, Sarah stood, ready to head out on stage. She hoped she was ready. A. Foreshadowing B. Exposition C. Flashback D. Resolution Flashback
Review Question 2 2. Robinson Crusoe (paraphrased excerpt) Daniel Defoe Being the third son of the family, and not bred to any trade, my head began to be filled very early with rambling thoughts. My father, who was very ancient, had given me a competent share of learning, as far as house education a country free school generally go, and designed me for the law, but I would be satisfied with nothing but going out to sea. My inclination to this led me so strongly against the will, nay, the commands, of my father, and against all the entreaties and persuasions of my mother and other friends, that there seemed to be something fatal in that propension of nature tending directly to the life of misery which was to befall me. • The author uses the reaction of Robinson Crusoe’s family and friends to give the reader hints of what may happen in the story. This is known as ________________. • Exposition • Flashback • Exaggeration • Foreshadowing Foreshadowing
Review Question 3 3. The dark storm clouds rolled across the lake and Rebecca couldn’t help but shiver. The ominous feeling the black clouds gave her made her pull her wool coat closely around her. She started walking faster and faster, hoping that whatever was coming would pass quickly and wouldn’t hurt too badly. This is an example of: • Foreshadowing • Exposition • Flashback • Resolution Foreshadowing