Chapter 4 – The Revolutionary Era. Section Notes. Video. The Revolutionary Era. The Road to Revolution Declaring Independence The Revolutionary War Begins An American Victory. Maps. Routes of the Alarm Riders Battles of the American Revolution, 1775–1778
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The Revolutionary Era
The Road to Revolution
The Revolutionary War Begins
An American Victory
Routes of the Alarm Riders
Battles of the American Revolution, 1775–1778
Battles of the American Revolution, 1778–1781
The Battle of Yorktown
Tensions between Britain and America, 1765–1775
The Second Continental Congress, 1775
Key Documents That Influenced the Declaration of Independence
Strengths and Weaknesses of the Continental and British Armies
Visual Summary: The Revolutionary Era
Boycotting British Goods
Battle of Lexington
Attack on Bunker’s Hill, with the Burning of Charleston
The Patriotick Barber
Parliament passed the Stamp Act as another way to bring in money from the colonies.
Required a government tax stamp on certain documents: contracts and licenses, newspapers, almanacs, printed sermons, and playing cards
Colonists protested openly.
Stamp Act Congress organized by the Massachusetts Assembly to send a petition to the king and Parliament
Sons of Liberty, made up of unskilled workers, artisans, small farmers, merchants, and lawyers, organized boycott of British goods and put pressure on merchants who did not join the boycott.
Stamp Act repealed after British merchants saw sales drop because of the boycottsBritain Passes New Laws
Brought colonists together as Americans
All delegates agreed that Parliament was exerting too much control.
It issued a Declaration of Rights protesting Great Britain’s actions.
Agreed not to import or use British goods
Agreed to stop exports to Britain
Formed a force of minutemen, colonial soldiers who would be ready to resist a British attack with short notice3. The First Continental Congress
Paul Revereand William Dawesset off for Lexington to warn Adams and Hancock.
After warning the leaders, they headed to Concord. Samuel Prescott, another alarm rider, met them on the road. Then the British surrounded them and tried to arrest all of them.
Prescott escaped to warn the minutemen at Concord. Dawes also escaped.
Revere was captured. When they heard the militia guns, the soldiers let Revere go, but without his horse.The Battles of Lexington and Concord
British captain ordered them to leave, then the militia was charged.
Minutemen fled, eight Americans were killed.The Battles of Lexington and Concord
SSUSH3 The student will explain the primary causes of the American Revolution.
a. Explain how the end of Anglo-French imperial competition as seen in the French and Indian War and the 1763 Treaty of Paris laid the groundwork for the American Revolution.
b. Explain colonial response to such British actions as the Proclamation of 1763, the Stamp Act, and the Intolerable Acts as seen in Sons and Daughters of Liberty and Committees of Correspondence.
c. Explain the importance of Thomas Paine’s Common Sense to the movement for independence.
Committees of correspondence would have
been MOST devoted to which of the
A. raising tobacco
B. enforcing the Stamp Act
C. protecting the king's reputation
D. encouraging discontent among the colonists
Who were the Sons of Liberty and the Daughters of Liberty?
The quote, “No taxation without representation!” is associated with
C. The rise of conservatism in the 1960s
D. The election of Ronald Regan in 1980
John Locke and Montesquieu can BEST be described as
B. Jeffersonian Republicans.
C. political philosophers whose ideas influenced the Founding Fathers.
D. supporters of the Great Compromise.
The principle that governments are subject to certain laws is called
C. limited government.
D. salutary neglect
Commanded the Continental Army in Boston after the Battle of Bunker Hill.
By March 1776, he was ready to recapture Boston.
Forced the British to evacuate the city
British sailed for Halifax, Nova Scotia, along with about 1,100 Loyalists; colonists sided with the king and Britain.More Violence in Boston
Early in 1776 ThomasPaine published a pamphlet called Common Sense.
Condemned monarchy and particularly the rule of George III
Called for an American declaration of independence, not just a protest against taxes
The pamphlet sold more than 100,000 copies. It was one of the first American bestsellers.
The Declaration of Independence
In May 1776 the Virginia Convention of Delegates issued the Virginia Declaration of Rights, the first official call for American independence.
Influenced the Declaration of Independence, the Bill of Rights, and many state constitutions
Richard Henry Lee of Virginia then presented three resolutions to the Continental Congress.
The colonies should be independent.
Americans needed to form foreign alliances for support.
The colonies needed to form a plan for unification.
The Declaration of Independence
Colonists living on the western frontier not a part of the political quarrels
What was commonly transported along route 1 on the map?
C. raw materials
D. manufactured goods
Which factor directly affected the settlement of New England in the 1600s?
A religious persecution in Great Britain
B the opportunity to cultivate tobacco
C growing conflict with southern farmers
D the chance to participate in the slave trade
This theory held that Earth had a limited supply of wealth in
the form of natural resources, especially gold and silver, so
the best way to become a stronger nation was to acquire the
most wealth. Because the world’s wealth was thought
to be limited, the more one country had, the less any other
country could have.
What’s the vocabulary term
Strong military leadership
Fighting on home territory
Alliance with France
Small, untrained military
Shortages of resources
Weak central government
Alliances with Loyalists
Fighting in unfamiliar territory
Fighting far from homeThe People behind the American Revolution
Active in boycotts and other protests
Cared for wounded in their homes
Raised money to supply the army with food and clothing
At home, women knit wool stockings and made bandages for the troops.
Some melted down their pewter pots and pitchers to make bullets.
As in all wars, women kept their homes, farms, and shops running while the men were at war.The People behind the American Revolution
Four of the Six Nations of the Iroquois League helped the British.
Oneidas and Tuscaroras sided with the Americans.
On the frontiers, Loyalists and Native Americans sometimes fought together.
In the mountains of Virginia and the Carolinas, the Cherokees attacked some settlements.
Patriot militias fought back fiercely and tried to force the Cherokees to move west.The People behind the American Revolution
How did colonists react to the Proclamation of 1763?
A They resisted the British regulation of colonial agriculture.
B They supported the right to manufacture goods within the colonies.
C They opposed the ban on colonial expansion into western lands.
D They accepted the presence of more British troops to protect the colonies.
Who is this?
Because the British believed that Loyalist sympathies were strongest in the South, they planned a campaign there.
They discovered that Patriots were as strong and determined in Virginia as in New England.
Though many Loyalists lived in the Carolinas and Georgia, they were often reluctant to help.
The British also faced frequent surprise raids by small bands of Patriots.
In March 1781 colonial troops met British commander Charles Cornwallis and his army in a battle at Guilford Court House, North Carolina. Cornwallis won, but British losses were so great that he stopped the campaign.Revolutionary Battles in the West and South
Arnold was leading British troops in raids on Patriot warehouses in Virginia.
Washington sent Lafayette to stop him.
After giving up his Carolina campaign, General Cornwallis moved into Virginia.
Lafayette’s forces forced the British to the coast.
July 1781—Cornwallis took his army to the Yorktown Peninsula in Chesapeake Bay, built a fort, and waited for British ships to take them to Charleston or New York.America’s European Allies
Washington saw an opportunity to trap Cornwallis.
French Admiral de Grasse established a blockade in Chesapeake Bay, preventing British ships from rescuing Cornwallis’s men.
Lafayette kept Cornwallis’s army trapped on the peninsula.
Washington and Rochambeau traveled south with a huge French and American army.
Cornwallis, with 7,000 troops, faced a combined French and American army of more than 17,000.
The Battle of Yorktown lasted about three weeks.
Cornwallis surrendered on October 19, 1781.
The war for independence was over.Victory at Yorktown
Equality did not include American women.
The words in the Declaration of Independence applied only to white males.
Married women still could not sign contracts or own property.
The law stated that a married woman’s property belonged to her husband.Revolution Changes America
Before the war, many colonies had official churches that everyone paid taxes to support.
New laws endorsed a separation of church and state.
For the Roman Catholic Church, the Revolutionary War led to a certain amount of acceptance. Catholics had often faced prejudice, but the arrival of French Catholic soldiers helped change many people’s attitudes.Revolution Changes America