the hellenistic age athens to alexander to cleopatra n.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
The Hellenistic Age: Athens to Alexander to Cleopatra PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
The Hellenistic Age: Athens to Alexander to Cleopatra

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 15

The Hellenistic Age: Athens to Alexander to Cleopatra - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 123 Views
  • Uploaded on

The Hellenistic Age: Athens to Alexander to Cleopatra. … with thanks to Prof. Murray for some of the slides …. Battle of Actium 31 BC. Alexander dies 323 BC. Timeline. From the Peloponnesian War to the succession of Alexander the Great.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'The Hellenistic Age: Athens to Alexander to Cleopatra' - marcello


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
the hellenistic age athens to alexander to cleopatra

The Hellenistic Age:Athens to Alexander to Cleopatra

… with thanks to Prof. Murray for some of the slides …

timeline

Battle of

Actium

31 BC

Alexander

dies

323 BC

Timeline

Jackie Murray

from the peloponnesian war to the succession of alexander the great
From the Peloponnesian War to the succession of Alexander the Great
  • 404: Conclusion of Peloponnesian War, with Sparta victorious aided by the Persian empire (!)
  • 404-338: Leadership of Greece oscillates among Sparta, Corinth, Thebes & Athens, with frequent Persian intervention
  • 359: Philip II assumes the Macedonian throne
  • 338: Battle of Chaironeia, creation of League of Corinth (passages 1 & 2)
  • 337: Athenian democracy’s last gasp: law against tyranny (passage 3)

Philip II of Macedon

the career of alexander the great
The career of Alexander the Great
  • 356: Born to Philip & Olympias
  • 343: Aristotle hired as Alexander’s tutor
  • 338: Alexander leads cavalry at Battle of Chaironeia vs. the Greeks
  • 336: Assassination of Philip & succession of Alexander
  • 334: Alexander launches invasion of Persian empire “to avenge the Persian Wars,” landing first at Troy
  • 333: Alexander defeats King Darius at Battle of Issos (mosaic from Pompeii)
key events in the career of alexander
Key events in the career of Alexander
  • 332: Alexander conquers Egypt, visits the oracle of Zeus Ammon at Siwa, and declares himself the son of Zeus
  • 331: Alexander’s final defeat of Darius
  • 325: Alexander reaches the eastern limit of his empire – the Hydaspes River in India
  • 324: Alexander institutes cultural integration on a mass scale – 10,000 marriages of Macedonians & Persians (passage 4)
  • 323: Alexander dies in Babylon & his generals – the Diadochoi – divide his empire (passage 5)

Alexander as Zeus-Ammon

alexander as pharaoh the son of zeus ammon syncretism begins
Alexander as Pharaoh, the son of Zeus-Ammon: syncretism begins

Zeus-Ammon (Cyrene)

Alexander with hornsof Zeus Ammon

Alexander as Pharaoh (Luxor)

key events in the hellenistic age
Key events in the Hellenistic age
  • 197-191 BCE
    • Rome conquers most of Greece
  • 146 BCE
    • Rome destroys Corinth and Carthage, creates two new provinces – “Macedonia” and “Africa”
  • 51 BCE
    • Cleopatra VII, 18 years old and a direct descendant of Alexander’s general Ptolemy, assumes the Egyptian throne with her brother
  • 31 BCE
    • Octavian defeats Antony & Cleopatra, makes Egypt a Roman province
cultural intellectual developments from polis to cosmopolis
Cultural & intellectual developments:from polis to cosmopolis
  • democracy  oligarchy & monarchy: Plato’s philosopher-king
  • duty to polis duty to self: individualism & introspection
  • rise of urbanism, professionalism, hellenism and koine
  • Athenian comedy shifts from the political to the personal
  • Athens  university town and center for philosophical schools
    • Epicureanism
    • Stoicism
    • Cynicicsm
    • Skepticism
    • Neo-Platonism
cultural intellectual developments from polis to cosmopolis1
Cultural & intellectual developments:from polis to cosmopolis
  • Epicureanism: shift from public life to inner peace, life of pleasure & contemplation, avoidance of pain; absence of divine activity (but not the gods); meden agan (“nothing in excess)
  • Stoicism: universe of logos (“divine reason”), brotherhood, and individual happiness as a response to alienation and fragmentation
  • Skepticism: rejection of true knowledge and embrace of change (“can’t step in the same river twice”), no happiness possible
  • Cynicism: rejection of all material goods, embrace of simplicity
  • Neo-Platonism: mastery of mystery cults
    • Isis & Osiris
    • Mithras
    • Eleusinian Mysteries