70 Cities Named After Alexander; 50 Named Alexandria. Section 5 The Spread of Hellenistic Culture. Conquered cities adopted Greek customs. Greek = Hellenic Blending of cultures became known as Hellenistic culture Koine ( koy NAY) meaning common, a Greek dialect, became the language spoken.
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Euclid: mathematician who wrote Elements
Basis for geometry
Believed people should live virtuous lives in harmony with the will of God or the natural laws that God established to run the universe
Human desires, power and wealth were dangerous distractions that should be checked.
Promoted social unity and encouraged followers to focus on what they could controlStoicism
God had no interest in humans. Humans ruled the universe
Only real objects were those that the five senses perceived
Greatest good and highest pleasure came from virtuous conduct and the absence of pain
Main goal: harmony of body and mind
Today it means a person devoted to pursuing human pleasures, especially the enjoyment of good foodEpicureanism