70 cities named after alexander 50 named alexandria n.
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70 Cities Named After Alexander; 50 Named Alexandria. Section 5 The Spread of Hellenistic Culture. Conquered cities adopted Greek customs. Greek = Hellenic Blending of cultures became known as Hellenistic culture Koine ( koy NAY) meaning common, a Greek dialect, became the language spoken.

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section 5 the spread of hellenistic culture
Section 5The Spread of Hellenistic Culture
  • Conquered cities adopted Greek customs
hellenistic culture in alexandria
Greek = Hellenic

Blending of cultures became known as Hellenistic culture

Koine (koy NAY) meaning common, a Greek dialect, became the language spoken

Hellenistic Culture in Alexandria
alexandria s attractions
Everyone admired its beauty

Most well known for its museum and library

Alexandria’s Attractions
astronomy
Aristarchus made two conclusions

1. Sun at least 300 x’s bigger than the Earth

It was thought the sun was smaller than Greece

2. Earth and other planets revolve around the Sun

This wasn’t accepted because Ptolemy put the earth at the center of the solar system

Astronomy
astronomy cont d
Eratosthenes estimated the Earth’s true sizeAstronomy Cont.d’

Eratosthenes Measurement of the Size of the Earth

mathematics and physics
Mathematics and Physics

Euclid: mathematician who wrote Elements

Basis for geometry

mathematics and physics cont d
Archimedes

Studied value of pi

Ratio of the circumference of a circle to its diameter

Invented the Archimedes screw

Mathematics and Physics Cont.d’
philosophy and art
Philosophy and Art
  • Philosophers became concerned with how people should live their lives.
  • Stoicism and Epicureanism develop
stoicism
Founder Zeno

Believed people should live virtuous lives in harmony with the will of God or the natural laws that God established to run the universe

Human desires, power and wealth were dangerous distractions that should be checked.

Promoted social unity and encouraged followers to focus on what they could control

Stoicism
epicureanism
Founder Epicurus

God had no interest in humans. Humans ruled the universe

Only real objects were those that the five senses perceived

Greatest good and highest pleasure came from virtuous conduct and the absence of pain

Main goal: harmony of body and mind

Today it means a person devoted to pursuing human pleasures, especially the enjoyment of good food

Epicureanism
realism in sculpture continued
Nike of Samothrace

Hellenistic sculptor, more realistic

150 B.C. Hellenistic world declining

Rome was growing

Realism in Sculpture Continued