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How do I know what type of precautions to use? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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How do I know what type of precautions to use?
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  1. How do I know what type of precautions to use? • Standard Precautions • Used with all patients

  2. Standard Precautions

  3. How do I know what type of precautions to use? • Airborne Precautions • Microorganisms transmitted by airborne droplets nuclei • Small-article residue 5 microns or smaller in size of evaporated droplets containing microorganisms that remain suspended in the air and can be widely dispersed by air

  4. Airborne Precautions

  5. How do I know what type of precautions to use? • Droplet Precautions • Microorganisms transmitted by droplets • Large particle droplets larger than 5 microns in size • Can be generated during coughing, sneezing, talking, or the performance procedures

  6. Droplet Precautions

  7. Droplet Precautions Bordetella pertussis Source: CDC

  8. How do I know what type of precautions to use? • Contact Precautions • Infected or colonized with epidemiologically important microorganisms that can be transmitted by direct contct with the patient • Hand or skin-to-skin contact that occurs when performing patient-care activities that • require touching the patient’s dry skin • Or indirect contact (touching) with environmental surfaces or patient-care items in the patient’s environment.

  9. Contact Precautions Staphylococcus Staphylococcus on cheek

  10. Strength