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Reed Larson w ith S . Cole Perry University of Illinois, Urbana/Champaign PowerPoint Presentation
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Positive Development in Sports The Active Minds of Youth. Reed Larson w ith S . Cole Perry University of Illinois, Urbana/Champaign Research articles available at: www.youthdev.illinois.edu. S upported by the William T. Grant Foundation.

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Reed Larson w ith S . Cole Perry University of Illinois, Urbana/Champaign


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    1. Positive Development in Sports The Active Minds of Youth Reed Larson with S. Cole Perry University of Illinois, Urbana/Champaign Research articles available at: www.youthdev.illinois.edu Supported by the William T. Grant Foundation

    2. Under the right conditions, adolescents have enormous potentials for learning and development

    3. Teens gain powerful new capacities

    4. The developmental challenges of coming of age are complicated!

    5. What’s fake and what’s real? • What matters, what doesn’t? • Who do I pay attention to? Classical coming-of-age challenges: • Balancing self with others: I vs. We • Free will vs. determinism • The mind-body problem

    6. I. New ThinkingCapacities II. Sports and Youth Programs as Contexts of Development III. Emotional Development IV. Development of Teamwork Skills V. Conclusion: Facilitating Positive Development

    7. I. New Thinking Capacities

    8. Meta- Cognition

    9. ADOLESCENTS' NEW THINKING SKILLS • Abstract Reasoning B. Systems Thinking C. Multiple Systems D. Executive Skills

    10. Definition: Abstract Concepts that can not be directly perceived with the senses; are inferred or posited

    11. Examples of Abstract Concepts • Physics: Density, Mass, Acceleration • Social: Reciprocity, Society • Psychological: Emotions, Motivation

    12. ADOLESCENTS' NEW THINKING SKILLS • Abstract Reasoning B. Systems Thinking C. Multiple Systems D. Executive Skills

    13. Definition: System A group of interacting, interrelated, or interdependent elements forming a complex whole.

    14. Team Cohesion

    15. Perspective Taking (from Sarah J. Blakemore)

    16. ADOLESCENTS' NEW THINKING SKILLS • Abstract Reasoning B. Systems Thinking C. Multiple Systems D. Executive Skills

    17. Youth-Coach-Parent Triangle Youth Coach Parents

    18. Types of Multiple Systems Parallel Systems Embedded Systems Dynamic Systems

    19. BalancingSystems

    20. ADOLESCENTS' NEW THINKING SKILLS • Abstract Reasoning B. Systems Thinking C. Multiple Systems D. Executive Skills

    21. Herd Ball

    22. Executive Thinking

    23. Planning

    24. Potentials – Not Inevitabilities

    25. Common Teen Driving Errors(National Research Council, 2007) • Not searching ahead before left turns • Not adjusting speed to traffic and road conditions • Driving while impaired by sleepiness or alcohol

    26. II. Sports and Youth Programs as Contexts of Development

    27. During Class Challenge Motivation

    28. Free Time With Friends Challenge Motivation

    29. Non-Sport Youth Programs Challenge Motivation

    30. Sports Challenge Motivation

    31. “Engagement with Challenges”

    32. Youth Programs as a “Natural Laboratory” for Positive Development

    33. Our Research Goal Understand process of conscious positive development in programs from the accounts of youth (and program leaders)

    34. TYDE Study • 11 urban & rural high quality arts, tech, leadership programs for high-school-aged youth • Studied longitudinally over 2-9 months

    35. The Data Set • 712 total interviews with 108 youth (36 White; 32 African American; 32 Latino; low income to middle class)

    36. Grounded Theory on Youth’s Development of: • Motivation • Emotional Skills • Teamwork • Strategic Thinking • Responsibility • Social Capital • Autonomy from Parents Research articles available at: www.youthdev.illinois.edu

    37. Focus of Analysis for Each Developmental Domain • Challenges Faced • What Learned • How it was Learned

    38. III. Emotional Developmentin Youth Programs and Sports (Child Development, 2007)

    39. Emotions as Challenges Point   Point A B

    40. Emotions’ Functions • Arouse and direct energy and attention in the service of important goals 2. Promote and regulate social interactions 3. Provide useful information and assist with healthy decision making – though they can also mislead