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Comparison of Adjectives

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Comparison of Adjectives. Comparison. Which do you think is bigger : a lion or a tiger?. I don’t think a tiger is quite as big as a lion!. Compare. Mark is 6 years old. Heidi is 4 years old. Rick is 10 months old. Mark is young. Rick is the youngest. Heidi is younger than Mark.

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Presentation Transcript
slide2
Comparison

Which do you think is bigger : a lion or a tiger?

I don’t think a tiger is quite as big as a lion!

slide3
Compare

Mark is 6 years old

Heidi is 4 years old

Rick is 10 months old

Mark is young.

Rick is the youngest.

Heidi is youngerthan Mark.

slide4
Compare

This sack of potatoes weighs 6 kg.

This suitcase weighs 4 kg.

These two bags weigh 8 kg.

The sack is heavierthan the suitcase.

These two bags are the heaviest of all.

The suitcase is heavy.

slide5
There are three degrees of adjectives:
  • Positive
  • Comparative
  • Superlative
slide6
The Positive

The positive degree is used for one person or thing.

slide7
The Positive

Paul is short.

Ann is thin.

slide8
The Comparative

The comparative degree is used when comparing two persons or things

slide9
The Comparative

Paul is shorter than Rick.

Rebecca is thinner than Ann.

slide10
The Superlative

The superlative degree is used when we compare more thanthree persons or things.

slide11
The Superlative

Mary is the shortest girl in class.

Rebecca is the thinnest woman in Malta.

slide13
You add ‘-er’ for the comparative and ‘-est’ for the superlative of some adjectives.

cheap - cheaper - cheapest

hard - harder - hardest

weak - weaker - weakest

old - older - oldest

slide14
If they end in ‘-e’, you add ‘-r’ and ‘-st’

safe - safer - safest

nice - nicer - nicest

close - closer - closest

slide15
Some double the last letter.

big - bigger - biggest

fat - fatter - fattest

sad - sadder - saddest

slide16
Some change ‘y’ to ‘i’

heavy - heavier - heaviest

funny - funnier - funniest

busy - busier - busiest

slide17
To compare adjectives with two or more syllables use

MORE in the Comparative

MOST in the Superlative

LESS in the Comparative

LEAST in the Superlative

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EXAMPLES

beautiful - more beautiful - mostbeautiful

careful - more careful - most careful

intelligent - more intelligent - most intelligent

generous - more generous - most generous

dirty - less dirty - least dirty

slide19
The following are irregular

good - better- best

many - more - most

bad - worse - worst

ill - worse - worst

slide21
bigger

Tokyo is _______than New York.

big

bigger

biggest

slide24
Ruth is the ________ girl in class.

friendliest

friendly

friendlier

friendliest

slide25
purest

Only the ________ ingredients are used in our cakes.

pure

purer

purest

slide26
Joan chose the _____________ dress in the shop.

most expensive

expensivest

more expensive

most expensive

slide27
The monk’s habit was made of the ________ material I have ever seen.

coarsest

coarser

coarsest

most coarse

slide31
thin

thinnest

Jane chose the ________ slice of cake on the dish.

slide32
Mark has little common sense.

Andrea has even _______.

little

less

slide33
Yesterday Andrew was ill.

Today he is even ______.

worse

ill

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