information ethics current and future research areas l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Information Ethics Current and Future Research Areas PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Information Ethics Current and Future Research Areas

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 19

Information Ethics Current and Future Research Areas - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 161 Views
  • Uploaded on

Information Ethics Current and Future Research Areas. Rafael Capurro Steinbeis-Transfer-Institute Information Ethics (STI-IE) http://sti-ie.de Lecture at the Division of Information and Library Studies Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University Brno, Czech Republic June 2, 2009. Content.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Information Ethics Current and Future Research Areas' - mandana


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
information ethics current and future research areas

Information EthicsCurrent and Future Research Areas

Rafael Capurro

Steinbeis-Transfer-Institute Information Ethics (STI-IE)

http://sti-ie.de

Lecture at the Division of Information and Library Studies

Faculty of Arts, Masaryk University

Brno, Czech Republic

June 2, 2009

content
Content
  • Introduction
  • Foundational Issues
  • Current Research Areas
  • Conclusion: Forthcoming Topics
  • Bibliography

R. Capurro, Brno 2009

introduction
Introduction

The concept of ethics as reflection on morality is widely accepted among philosophers going back to Aristotle as the founder of ethics (or ethiké belonging to philosophia praktiké) as an academic discipline. Constructivists such as Niklas Luhmann underline the critical function of ethical theory with regard to morality (or ethos).

R. Capurro, Brno 2009

introduction4
Introduction

Information ethics evolved out of computer science but has also roots in the library and information science field.

The University of Pittsburgh and Kent State University are among the US pioneers (Froehlich 2004).

R. Capurro, Brno 2009

introduction5
Introduction

In the last ten years or so a plethora of international conferences have taken place and the number of scientific publications has dramatically increased.

R. Capurro, Brno 2009

introduction6
Introduction

Specialized journals:

Journal of Information Ethics

The ETHICOMP Journal

Ethics and Information Technology

Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society

International Review of Information Ethics

International Journal of Internet Research Ethics

International Journal of Technology and Human Interaction

Journal of Computer Mediated Communication

R. Capurro, Brno 2009

introduction7
Introduction

Professional societies such as

INSEIT (International Society for Ethics and Information Technology)

ICIE (International Center for Information Ethics)

Center of Excellence for Ethics and Technology (The Netherlands)

as well as IE networks in Africa, Asia and Latin America have contributed to the development of information ethics as a professional research field together with courses in universities world-wide.

R. Capurro, Brno 2009

introduction8
Introduction

UNESCO conferences on social, ethical and legal aspects of the Information Society since 1998.

World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) 2003 and 2005.

R. Capurro, Brno 2009

introduction9
Introduction
  • CATaC Conferences organized by Charles Ess and Fay Sudweeks since 1998.
  • ETHICOMP Conferences organized by Simon Rogerson since 1995.
  • CEPE conferences (since 1997).
  • ICIE Conference 2004: the first international conference addressing explicitly information ethics from an intercultural perspective.
  • The Oxford Uehiro Centre for Practical Ethics: international conference 2005 (forth.2010).

R. Capurro, Brno 2009

the foundational debate
The Foundational Debate
  • Charles Ess:
    • avoiding imperialistic homogenization while preserving the irreducible differences between cultures and people
    • Western Ethics and Confucian thought: „resonance“ and „harmony“
    • „pros hen“ robust pluralism
    • Between irreducibility and complementarity

R. Capurro, Brno 2009

the foundational debate11
The Foundational Debate
  • Toru Nishigaki:
    • The Western idea of a „coherent self“ and the Buddhist questionning of this idea.
    • The Western search for universal values and the „doing away of conventional or universal interpretations of the meanings of words“ in ZEN.
    • Cognition as representation vs. „enactment“ of the history of actions of a subject in the world
    • Ethics as observer-dependent reflection on moral norms („fundamental informatics“).

R. Capurro, Brno 2009

the foundational debate12
The Foundational Debate
  • Terrell Ward Bynum:
    • „flourishing ethics“
    • Basic principles: freedom, equality and benevolence, minimum infringement of freedom.
    • Maximize the opportunities of all humans to exercise their autonomy.
    • Different cultures „can provide a conductive context for human flourishing.“

R. Capurro, Brno 2009

the foundational debate13
The Foundational Debate
  • Luciano Floridi:
    • the quest for an ethics of/for the „infosphere“
    • Different clases of information entities
    • „onto-centric“ ethics
    • Various degrees of „intrinsic value“
    • Various leels of moral respect (from a customer profile through netiquette and human dignity)

R. Capurro, Brno 2009

current research areas
Current Research Areas

(See: Himma/Tavani 2008)

  • Theoretical Issues of Property, Privacy, Anonymity, and Security
  • Professional Issues:
    • Library Profession
    • Free and Open Source
    • Internet Research Ethics
    • Health Information Technology
    • Information and Business Ethics

R. Capurro, Brno 2009

current research areas15
Current Research Areas
  • Responsibility Issues and Risk Assessment
    • Responsibilities for Information on the Internet
    • Virtual Reality and Computer Simulation
    • Genetic Information
    • The Ethics of Cyber Conflict

R. Capurro, Brno 2009

current research areas16
Current Research Areas
  • Regulatory Isues and Challenges
    • Internet Governance
    • Information Overload
    • Email Spam
    • Plagiarims
    • Intellectual Property

R. Capurro, Brno 2009

current research areas17
Current Research Areas
  • Access and Equity Issues
    • Censorship
    • Gender Agenda
    • Digital Divide
    • Intercultural Information Ethics

R. Capurro, Brno 2009

conclusion
Conclusion

Forthcoming topics:

  • Surveillance society
  • Convergent Technologies (Nano, Bio, Info, Cogno)
  • Robotics
  • Ubiquitous Computing
  • E-Waste
  • ICT-Implants and Enhancements

R. Capurro, Brno 2009

bibliography
Bibliography

Capurro, R. (2008): On Floridi‘s Metaphysical Foundation of Information Ecology. Ethics and Information Technology, Vol. 10, No. 2-3, 167-173. http://www.capurro.de/floridi.html

Capurro, R. (2008): Intercultural Information Ethics. Foundations and applications. Journal of Information, Communication & Ethics in Society, Vol. 6, No. 2, 116-126. http://www.capurro.de/iiebangkok.html

Capurro, R., Frühbauer, J., Hausmanninger, Th. (Eds.) (2007), Localizing the Internet: ethical aspects in intercultural perspective. Munich: Fink

Capurro, R. (2007): Intercultural Information Ethics. In: Rafael Capurro, Johannes Frühbauer, Thomas Hausmanninger (Eds.): Localizing the Internet. Ethical Aspects in Intercultural Perspective. ICIE Series, Munich: Fink, pp. 21-38. http://www.capurro.de/iie.html

Froehlich, Thomas J. (2004): A brief history of information ethics. Textos universitaris de  bibliioteconomia i documentació, 3. http://www.ub.es/bid/13froel2.htm

Himma, K.E. and Tavani, H.T. (Eds.) (2008): The Handbook of Information and Computer Ethics. Hoboken, New Jersey: Wiley & Sons.

Hongladarom, S. and Ess, Ch. (Eds.) (2007) Information Technology Ethics: Cultural Perspectives. Hershey PA and London: Idea Group Reference.

R. Capurro, Brno 2009