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Marie de France

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Marie de France

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  1. Marie de France 1155-1189

  2. Biography • Earliest female poet in France • Her name • Educated • Henry II • Normandy area

  3. Works • Lais (1155-1170) • 12 lais • Prefaced with the information that she is translating many of them from Breton lais for the first time. • Ysopet (1167-1189) • First known translation of Aesop’s Fables into French • Espurgatoire de Saint Patrice (1189) • Legend of the Purgatory of Saint Patrick • Journey through purgatory

  4. What is a laiexctly? • Meant to be sung • Octosyllabic rhyming couplets • Characterized by adventure and romance • Elements of the fantastic • Marie de France’s particular lais: • Romance with an ominous atmosphere • Focus on feelings of the characters rather than the story itself

  5. Le LausticLanval • Knight of King Arthur’s court • Secret love • Accusations of homosexuality • Loss of love • Reuniting of the lovers • Knights of St. Malo • Rossignol • Fate of love • Why this is characteristic of Marie de France.

  6. Le Bisclavret Les DeuxAmants • Werewolf curse • Barron of Brittany • Clothing • Wife’s betrayal • King’s protection • Revenge • Set in Normandy • Mountain test • Secret affair • Potion • Fate • “The Mountain of the Two Lovers”

  7. GuigemerYonec • Knight of Brittany • Disinterested in love • Deer’s curse • Mysterious ship • Locked up • Chastity belt • Meriaduc • Rich landowner • Imprisoned 7 years • Knight must prove faith • Razors • Blood trail • Ring & Sword • Son: Yonec

  8. Conclusion • Reoccurring themes in the lais of Marie de France.

  9. Works Cited • Bishop, Morris and Rivers, Kenneth T., eds. A Survey of French Literature. Newburyport: Focus Publishing, 2005. Print. • Les Lais De Marie De France. Trans. Paul Tuffrau. Paris. 1959 • The Broadway Anthology of British Literature. Peterborough: Broadview Press, 2011 Print.