Marie De France • Marie de France a woman of French origin writing in England in the later decades of the twelfth century. • widely educated, and in touch with the royal court. • She dedicates her book of Lais to a "noble King" who was probably Henry II
Marie De France • she may have been his kinswoman, possibly an illegitimate half-sister • She rewrote a Latin narrative about the origin of "Saint Patrick's Purgatory“ • Marie brings a quite different and rather critical set of preoccupations to her Arthurian story
Marie De France • it's thought that her twelve Lais date from around 1170, that their author was a woman named Marie who also wrote a rhymed collection of Aesop's Fables • Marie de France's Lais were read in her own time • she was part of a generation of writers who were in the process of inventing the French verse romance. Her verse form is the octosyllabic couplet: eight-syllable lines in rhyming pairs.