The American Odyssey - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. The American Odyssey Chapter 22: Voices of Protest Section 2: Hispanic Americans Organize

  2. Recent Hispanic Americans (p. 734-735) • The term Hispanic American refers to those Americans who have come, or are descended from others who came, from Spanish-speaking lands. • They have shared Spanish ancestry that ahs included, among other things, practice of the Catholic religion and strong ties with an extended family.

  3. Recent Hispanic Americans (p. 734-735) • Today Hispanic Americans are the fastest growing minority in the United States. • Hispanic sub groups: • Mexican Americans • Puerto Ricans • Cuban Americans • People from Central and South America

  4. Recent Hispanic Americans (p. 734-735) • There are many reasons Hispanic Americans have been coming to the United States: • Mexican Americans • Some can trace their origins back to territories that annexed with the United States after the Mexican War. • Some can trace their origins to ancestors whom fled Mexico following the 1910 Revolution. • Some can trace their origins to the braceros whom arrived during WWII.

  5. Recent Hispanic Americans (p. 734-735) • Puerto Ricans • Because Puerto Rico is a territory of the US, Puerto Ricans may enter the country as citizens. • After WWII, 1 out of 6 Puerto Ricans came to the mainland in search of economic opportunity.

  6. Recent Hispanic Americans (p. 734-735) • Cuban Americans • Began arriving in this country in large numbers after Fidel Castro took over Cuba in 1959. • A second migration to the United States took place between 1965-1970. • Many Cubans left Cuba for political, not economic reasons.

  7. Hispanic Americans Respond (p. 735-737) • Because of the diversity of Hispanic Americans, it was difficult for any one leader to unite all segments into a single force. • In recent years, Hispanic Americans have joined in speaking out on certain common issues – such as immigration.

  8. Hispanic Americans Respond (p. 735-737) • Hispanic Americans, as for other minorities, a major political issue was political representation. • To offset gerrymandering or concentration of Hispanic Americans in urban neighborhoods, groups have sought reapportionment or formed political organizations including La Raza Unida, “the people united.”

  9. Hispanic Americans Respond (p. 735-737) • Among minorities, economic subjects such as wages and working conditions often are not easily distinguished from the broader political and social issues. • Cesar Chavez, for example, thought they should be treated as one issue. • He unionized farm workers into a movement by the ideas of Mahatma Gandhi and Martin Luther King, Jr.

  10. Hispanic Americans Respond (p. 735-737) • All Hispanic Americans share some social and cultural problems. Key issues involve: • Bilingualism • The use of two languages • Assimilation • The integration of minorities into mainstream society.