Basic Facts • The official size of a football field is 100 yards in length and 160 feet in width. • Each end zone is 10 yards deep. • There are 4 quarters that are 15 minutes each. • Each team gets 3 timeouts
The Offense • The whole purpose of the offense is to score points • In the official game of football the offense gets 4 chances to get 10 yards. If they get those 10 yards they get another 4 chances and so on.
The Quarterback • The Quarterback is the leader of the offense • He is responsible for throwing the football • In most cases he chooses the play the offense runs (run or pass).
The Receiver • The receiver is the player responsible for catching the passes from the quarterback
The Running Back • The running back is the player on offense who runs with the ball when the quarterback hands the ball off.
The Defense • The defense tries to keep the offense from scoring points • Defensive backs cover the receivers and try to prevent the quarterback from completing the pass • Defensive lineman rush the quarterback trying to hurry his throw. If they get to him before he throws the ball it is a sack.
Turnovers • Turnovers include fumbles and interceptions. • Fumbles- when the ball carrier drops the ball before going down, if the other team picks the ball up it is theirs • Interceptions- when the quarterback throws the ball to the other team and they catch it, the other team then gets the ball