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推 广技职培训与认证 Promoting Technical and Vocational Training and Certification. 马来西亚中华总商会 The Associated Chinese Chambers of Commerce and Industry of Malaysia (ACCCIM) July 2012. 通过技职训练与认证之 商业和就业机会. Employment and Business Opportunities via Technical & Vocational Training and Certification.

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推 广技职培训与认证 Promoting Technical and Vocational Training and Certification


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    1. 推广技职培训与认证Promoting Technical and Vocational Training and Certification 马来西亚中华总商会 The Associated Chinese Chambers of Commerce and Industry of Malaysia (ACCCIM) July 2012

    2. 通过技职训练与认证之商业和就业机会 Employment and Business Opportunities via Technical & Vocational Training andCertification

    3. 根据数据,马来西亚人口增长率为2.1%。 According to statistics, Malaysia’s population nett growth rate is 2.1%. • 2010年的预计人口为28,900,000 (2千8百90万) (Estimated population in 2010: 28,900,000 (28.9 million). • 这表示2010年的人口将增长60万人 This works out to an increase of about 600,000 people in 2010 (2010年1月22日《南洋商报》Announced in Nanyang Siang Pau 22nd January 2010) - Figure from Statistics Department)

    4. 这些每年增加的人民,都需要: The additional citizens every year will need extra:- • 食物 Food; • 衣服 Clothing; • 教育 Education, 设施 facilities; • 屋子 Housing, 交通 transport, 保健 health care; • 就业机会等等 Employment opportunities etc.

    5. 这些收入从何而来? Where will the income (money) come from? • 这些增加的人口的就业机会从何而来? Where will the jobs come from for these additional population (over ½ million every year!) 这些,必须由一个每年成长的国家经济发展计划,特别是制造业和服务业来供应。 These have to come from an expanding national economy’s development programme overthe years, especially in the manufacturing and services industries.

    6. 中小企业必须掌握科技、生产力和管理技能,才能提供具国际竞争力的产品和服务。中小企业必须掌握科技、生产力和管理技能,才能提供具国际竞争力的产品和服务。 SMEs need to acquire technology, production and management skills to supplyinternationally competitive products & services. • 因此,中小企业的营运者和员工,必须有合格的技能,才能在他们企业的制造及服务上,明白及运用最新的科技。 To do so, SME operators & workers must be technically qualified to understand & apply the latest new technology in their manufacturing & service enterprises.

    7. 这就是为什么我们必须鼓励及协助更多的大马青年,取得技职培训及认证,作为更具竞争力的中小企业的基础。这就是为什么我们必须鼓励及协助更多的大马青年,取得技职培训及认证,作为更具竞争力的中小企业的基础。 This is where we have to encourage & assist more young Malaysians to acquire technical & vocational training & certificationas a base to become competitive SMEs.

    8. 2008年,中五后(由于各种原因)没再继续升学的学生2008年,中五后(由于各种原因)没再继续升学的学生 As of 2008, the number of students who do not further their studies after Form 5 (for one reason or another) come to According to Ministry of Education (PerangkaanPendidikan Malaysia 2008)

    9. 社会领袖应该关注并给予协助的,正是这一群。我们应该鼓励他们接受正规的技职培训及认证,以成为社会上具生产力的成员。社会领袖应该关注并给予协助的,正是这一群。我们应该鼓励他们接受正规的技职培训及认证,以成为社会上具生产力的成员。 This is the group that community leaders should offer guidance & assistance for them to opt for the technical & vocational training & certification so that they can be the productive members of the society. • 否则,他们可能偏向一些低收入的工作,或甚至进行一些不法行为,以致带来社会问题。 Otherwise they may drift into low paying menial jobs or even questionable activities and lead to social problems.

    10. Sourced: Website of Ministry of Human Resource, 20th Oct 2011

    11. Sourced: “Labour and Human Resources Statistics 2010” by Ministry of Human Resource

    12. 我们的目的 Our Objectives • 鼓励和协助学生和毕业生,到政府或私立技职学院学习,考取正规的认证。 To encourage and assist students and graduates to study & train in the technical & vocational schools and to obtain proper certification, both in the public and private training institutions. • 协助创造更多具竞争和品质意识的中小企业,从而对国家经济发展作出贡献。 To help create more competitive and quality conscious SMEs and thus contribute to national economic development.

    13. 协助培育更多受训的技工,以解决国内工业发展及中小企业所面对的技术员工短缺问题。协助培育更多受训的技工,以解决国内工业发展及中小企业所面对的技术员工短缺问题。 To help foster more trained technical & vocational workers to overcome the shortage of skilled manpower in our country’s Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and industrial development. 4. 足够的熟练技术员工,能够协助吸引外来直接投资,并将国内现有的外来投资者留住。 Adequate number of skilled technical workers and tradesmen will help to attract FDI as well as retain existing foreign investors in the country.

    14. 成为受承认技工的优势 Advantages of Being an Certified Technician • 受训的技工可在国内外获得更高薪资的工作,以及获得升职机会,可被擢升为管工、经理等。 Trained skilled workers will have no problem landing well paid-jobs, as well as to be promoted to supervisors, managers etc., not only in Malaysia, but also in overseas. • 技职培训为制造业及服务业将来的企业家,提供一个良好的基础。 Technical and vocational training provides a strong foundation for future entrepreneurs in manufacturing and servicing sectors. 在考取了技职文凭之后,有关员工(在获得一些工作经验后)可选择创业。 After acquiring the Technical and Vocational Training and Certification, the worker (with years of working experience) can become an entrepreneur.

    15. 他们可以本身的技术资格,竞投工程。而他们所受过的技术训练,让他们能够学习更新的技术,并运用到本身的业务上。他们可以本身的技术资格,竞投工程。而他们所受过的技术训练,让他们能够学习更新的技术,并运用到本身的业务上。 They can tender for contracts with their technical qualification background. With thesetraining, they will be able to access to newer technologies, as well as applied to their businesses.

    16. 在今天,不管是在马来西亚或外国,不管是技工、管工、经理、经理、投资或经商,都很强调技职认证。在今天,不管是在马来西亚或外国,不管是技工、管工、经理、经理、投资或经商,都很强调技职认证。 It is the norm now to emphasise on technical & vocational certification, in employment as skilled workers, supervisors, managers, investment or doing business either in Malaysia orin foreign countries.

    17. 技职教育的管道 Channels of Technical and Vocational Training

    18. 很多学生都错误地认为,政府的技职培训学院只供土著入读。即使没有,他们也不喜欢在文化差异的环境下学习。很多学生都错误地认为,政府的技职培训学院只供土著入读。即使没有,他们也不喜欢在文化差异的环境下学习。 Moststudents have wrong perception that government technical & vocational schools are for Bumiputrasonly. Even if this is not the case, they don’t like such study environment due to cultural differences. 一些学生,尽管有意接受技职培训,却未能负担有关学费。 Some students could not afford the school fees even if they are interested in technical & vocational training.

    19. 对象 Target Students • 非学术导向,但对技术培训感兴趣的学生 Student who are usually not good in academic study but very interested in the technical & vocational training

    20. 技职培训的类型 Type of Vocational Training • 汽车维修、配电线、冷气机维修、水管修理、机电一体化、烧焊、压铸、精确机操作、烘焙、美容及化妆、健康护理、烹饪、美发、多媒体程序设计、裁缝、印刷、塑胶模制、木工等等 Car repair & maintenance, wiring, air-cond repair & maintenance, plumbing, mechatronic, welding, die-casting, precision tooling, bakery, beauty & cosmetic, health treatment, bakery, hair-dressing, multimedia programming, tailoring, printing, plastic moulding, woodwork and etc.

    21. 政府通过不同的部门及机构 (教育部、人力资源部、国际贸工部、青体部等) 设立了大量的技职培训中心,一些还有宿舍,甚至是财务援助。 The government through its various ministries & agencies (Ministry of Education, Human Resource, International Trade & Industry, Youth & Sports etc.) have set up a large number of technical & vocational training institutions, some with hostel facilities & even offering financial assistance.

    22. 高教部的技术学院(Politeknik) PolytechnicsofMinistryofHigherEducation • 提供24种证书课程及49种文凭课程 Offers24certificatecoursesand49diplomacourses • 证书课程:2年(4个学期) Certificate courses: 2 years (4 semesters) • 文凭课程:3年(6个学期) Diploma courses: 3 years (6 semesters) • 申请资格: Requirement: • SPM(马来文及格,数学或高等数学及格) SPM (with passes in Bahasa Malaysia, and Mathematics or Add Maths)

    23. 每年招生2次: 2月或3月(7月开课);9月或10月 (1月开课) 2 intakes/year: Feb/Mar (Starts July); Sep/Oct (Starts Jan) • 学费:每个学期 RM200,另有宿舍费及登记费,可申请贷学金和经济援助金 Fee: RM200/semester, plus hostel & registration fee, can apply for scholarship/financial assistance • 共有27间,分布在全国各地 27 polytechnics in total, located throughout the country • 网址:www.politeknik.edu.my website: www.politeknik.edu.my

    24. 人力资源部 Ministry of Human Resource - InstitutLatihan Perusahaan (ILP) • 工业培训学院(ILP) • 共有22间,提供课程达39种 22 ILPs in total, offers 39 courses • 全年招生,每年1月及7月开课 Intake all year round, courses start every Jan and July • 证书课程:视课程而定,从6个月至2年3个月不等,免学费Certificate courses: depends on the courses, duration from 6 months to 2 years 3 months, no school fee required • 文凭课程:2年,每年学费RM3000 Diploma courses: 2 years, RM3000 per year

    25. 技职导师及高级技术培训中心 Centre for Instructor and Advanced Skills Training (CIAST) • 2种课程:技职导师证书、技职导师高等文凭课程 2 types of courses: Instructor Certificate & Higher Diploma courses • 证书课程:9个月; Certificate courses: 9 months duration • 文凭课程:2年半 Diploma courses: 2 ½ years duration • 每年招生2次,免付学费 2 intakes per year, no school fees required

    26. 日马技术学院 Japan-Malaysia Technical Institute (JMTI) • 提供4个领域的工程工艺文凭课程和高级文凭课程:制造工程工艺、电子工程工艺、电子机械工程工艺和电脑工程工艺 offers industrial technical diploma & higher diploma courses for 4 various sectors: manufacturing technology, electronic engineering, mechatronics engineering and computer engineering • 文凭课程:3年;高级文凭课程:2年半 diploma courses: 3 years; advanced diploma courses: 2 ½ years • 全年招生,但开课日期为每年1月及7月 intake all year round, courses start every Jan & July • 17岁至30岁的马来西亚公民 for Malaysian aged 17 to 30 • 每年学费为RM3000,可申请贷学金;宿舍费为每年RM616 fee: RM3000/year, can apply for study loan; hostel fee: RM616/year

    27. 高科技培训中心 Advanced Technology Training Centre (ADTEC) • 共有4间,分别位于莎亚南、居林、峇株吧辖和马六甲 4 in total, located at Shah Alam, Kulim, Batu Pahat & Melaka each • 提供工艺文凭课程及高级文凭课程 Offers diploma & advanced diploma courses • 全年招生,每年1月及7月开课 Intakes all year round, courses start every Jan & July • 每年学费为RM3000,可申请贷学金 Fee: RM3000/year, can apply for study loan • 网址:www.jtm.gov.my

    28. 青年及体育部的国家青年技术中心 InstitutKemahiranBelia Negara (IKBN) by Ministry of Youth and Sports • 共有16 家,分布在全国各地 16 in total, located all over the country • 提供马来西亚技能证书第一级至第五级高等文凭课程 Offers Level 1 to Level 5 Malaysian Skill Certification courses • 证书课程:6个月;文凭课程:3年 Certificate courses: 6 months; Diploma courses: 3 years • 一年招生2次:3月/4月(7月开课);9月/10月(1月开课) 2 intakes/year: Mar/Apr (starts July); Sep/Oct (starts Jan) • 免付学费,免费膳宿,并享有RM100至RM300生活津贴 No fee required, Meals provided, Living allowance of RM100 – RM300 • 网址:www.kbs.gov.my Website: www.kbs.gov.my

    29. 州政府设立的机构 Agencies set up by state governments • 如 INPENS (雪兰莪), ITP (霹雳) 等 INPENS (Selangor), ITP (Perak) • 半政府机构 Semi-government agencies: • 雪兰莪人力资源中心 SHRDC (www.shrdc.org.my) • 德国-马来西亚学院 German-Malaysian Institute (www.gmi.edu.my)

    30. 此外,还有很多技职培训学院,由私人界设立及营运 (如WIT、蒙福少年城等) In addition, there are many technical & vocational training institutions set up & run by the private sector (e.g. Workers’ Institute of Technology, Montfort Boys Town etc.)

    31. 政府与私立技术学院的分别Difference between Government Institutions and Private Colleges

    32. 政府与私立技术学院的分别Difference between Government Institutions and Private Colleges

    33. 在职技工认证 Certification for Existing Technicians

    34. 技术发展局Jabatan Pembangunan Kemahiran (JPK) • 前称 MLVK • 提供22个职业领域的资格认证,并以技能/学术水平分为5个等级

    35. 技术发展局的角色 职场 培训中心 所需技能 * NOSS * 训练指南 培训中心 技术发展局 拟定、协调及促进 技术发展与认证 工业界/ 雇主 培训的员工 受到认证的技术员工

    36. 大马国家技职标准规范National Occupational Skill Standard (NOSS) • 为各个工业领域的技术标准制定规范 • 为相关领域不同等级的技术员工所需之技能标准 • SKM认证的评鉴标准 • 培训中心必须遵守的规格

    37. NOSS的内容 (各种技能所属工业领域)

    38. 如何考取JPK认证? • 通过授权培训中心 (PusatBertauliah) • 国内有近千家受JPK审核及批准,政府及私人机构设立的培训中心 • 学生在这些中心接受培训后,考取SKM • 国家双向培训计划 (SistemLatihan Dual Nasional - SLDN) • 类似学徒制,学员在受承认的职场一边工作一边学习,以考取SKM • 30%理论,70%实习

    39. 如何考取JPK认证? • 成就认证 (PentauliahanPencapaianTerdahulu, PPT) • 在职技工,拥有工作经验但没有证书或文凭 • 向JPK提出相关工作经验证明,在审核后即可获得SKM

    40. 成就认证 (PentauliahanPencapaianTerdahulu, PPT) • 为何要以PPT考取认证? • 对技工的好处 • 获得受承认的文凭或证书 • 无须花费时间上课 • 可改善本身的工作待遇 • 可发展本身的事业 • 对雇主的好处 • 加强本身企业的生产力及竞争力 • 无须花费时间和金钱让技工受训即可获得认证

    41. 谁可以申请PPT? 任何在相关领域掌握相关技能(根据大马国家技职标准规范)及拥有一定工作经验者:

    42. 申请及注册Application & Registration 发出文凭 Certificate Issuance 整理职务表Portfolio 评估 Assessment 证实 Verification 申请PPT的流程 技工 技工 JPK PP PPL

    43. 有关PPT • 考取每个等级的费用为RM300 • 技工必须逐个等级考取,不能跳级 • 符合资格者可以同时申请几个等级,以节省时间 • 在准备职务表时面对困难的技工,可要求PP协助。JPK也已经准备了样本,有关技工只需依照该样本,逐项填入即可 • 申请表格可上网下载。网址 www.ejpk.gov.my.

    44. 申请表格 申请者资料 雇主资料 现任职务 及负责范围 雇主签名及印章 曾担任职务 及负责范围

    45. 申请表格 欲考取等级 缴费资料 鉴证官资料 (由相关PP填写)

    46. 申请表格 须呈交资料 检查表 申请者签名

    47. 商会的角色 The Role of Chambers of Commerce