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Smart Homes. Spring 2005 Computational Intelligence Seminar Series Presented by Kevin Harris. Outline. Displaying a need: US demographic trends Smart Homes Goals, Vocabulary, Technology, Challenges, & Functions

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smart homes

Smart Homes

Spring 2005 Computational Intelligence Seminar Series

Presented by

Kevin Harris

outline
Outline
  • Displaying a need: US demographic trends
  • Smart Homes
    • Goals, Vocabulary, Technology, Challenges, & Functions
  • Paper: The Smart House for Older Persons and Persons With Physical Disabilities: Structure, Technology, Arrangements, and Perspectives
  • Project Websites
displaying a need us demographic trends
In 2000, age 65+

35.0 million people

53% 65-74

35% 75-84

12% 85+

20.6 million women

14.4 million men

28% lived alone in households

Displaying a need: US demographic trends
displaying a need us demographic trends5
Displaying a need: US demographic trends
  • The elderly population will more than double between now and the year 2050, to 80 million.
  • About 1 in 5 US citizens (18.5%) will be elderly by 2030
  • Between 1990 and 2020, the population age 65 to 74 is estimated to grow 74 percent, while the population under age 65 will increase only 24 percent.
  • Most of this growth should occur between 2010 and 2030, when the "baby boom" generation enters their elderly years. During that period, the number of elderly will grow by an average of 2.8 percent annually.
displaying a need us demographic trends6
Displaying a need: US demographic trends
  • The population 65 and over reported more disabilities: Self care, physical, sensory
  • Individuals older than 65 have four times the medical costs of younger Americans
  • Employee base working and paying taxes to finance Medicare is eroding: in 1980, 4.1 workers per beneficiary, in 2030, only 2.3:1
  • Net cash flow of the Medicare Hospital Insurance Trust Fund is expected to go into a deficit in 2016
  • Missouri is one of the twelve states withthe highest elderly population proportion (14% or more)
smart homes7
Smart Homes
  • Automated homes, Domotics, Networked Homes, Intelligent homes
  • Electrical devices used in the home to enhance the quality of life by providing more control over the user’s environment
  • Monitor Activities
  • Behavioral aspects
  • Design Considerations
smart home goals
Smart Home Goals
  • Contribute to a better quality of life by increasing self control, self esteem, and enabling self-fulfillment
  • Allow the elderly to remain independent in the home or age in place by making everyday life easier
  • Allow the home to adapt to the functional capabilities of the user
  • Use health monitoring for prevention and early intervention
  • Increase the efficiency of care services through the use of technology to provide care to people within their local environment
  • Improve social environment
types of smart houses
Types of Smart Houses
  • Smart house for:
    • People with movement disabilities
    • Older persons
    • People with low vision
    • Hearing impaired people
    • Cognitively impaired people
    • General population
smart home vocabulary
Smart Home Vocabulary
  • Assistive Technology
  • Bus System
  • Communication Protocols
  • Dependability
  • Plug and Play
  • Telemedicine
  • Telecare
  • Warden Call Systems
smart home technology
Smart Home Technology
  • Four main types
  • Mains Born: X10 and Powerline
  • Busline: Konnex (formerly EIB, BatiBus, EHS) or LonWorks
  • Radio Frequency: Bluetooth (wireless)
  • Infrared: Various (wireless)
smart home technology12
Smart Home Technology
  • Challenges
    • Most systems have closed architectures
    • Most systems are supported by one manufacturer
    • A lack of standards for communication and interoperability to allow for plug and play
    • Creating a modular system that makes it easy to add/remove components, maintain, and update
    • Privacy and Security
smart home functions
Smart Home Functions
  • Devices for automation and control of the home environment
  • Devices for health monitoring of important vital parameters
  • Devices for information exchange
  • Assistive devices
  • Leisure devices
smart home functions14
Control of systems

Emergency help

Temperature monitoring/ ventilation control

Water and energy use

Automatic lighting

Door surveillance

Cooker safety

Property security

Communications

Water temperature control

Window, blind, and curtain control

On-line links

ET and Edu services

Cleaning functions

Memory joggers/reminders

Diary facility

Lifestyle monitoring

Medical monitoring

Smart Home Functions
smart home technology15
SmartHome Technology
  • Video Monitoring
  • Health Monitors
    • Pulse, skin temperature, blood pressure, respiration, movement, gait, weight, posture, gestures
  • Fall Detectors
    • Tunstall
    • Tele-alarm
  • Pressure Mats
  • Motion Detectors
requirements of sensors
Requirements of sensors
  • Noninvasive
  • Convenient to install, wear, and to use
  • No vibrations, noise, or light signaling during measurement
  • High reliability and long life
  • Wireless signal transmission
  • Automatic measurement
project websites
Project Websites
  • University of Rochester, Center for Future Health

http://www.futurehealth.rochester.edu/smart_home/

  • The University of Florida, Gator-Tech Smart House

http://www.rerc.ufl.edu/

  • University of Virginia MARC Smarthouse

http://smarthouse.med.virginia.edu

  • Georgia Institute of Technology, The Aware Home

http://www.cc.gatech.edu/fce/ahri/

  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology, House n

http://architecture.mit.edu/house_n/

center for future health
Center for Future Health
  • University of Rochester
  • Pre-concept testing, concept testing, pilots, and prototype testing
  • Using infrared sensors, computers, biosensors, and video cameras in 5 rooms
  • Measurement of traditional vital signs (blood pressure, pulse, respiration)
  • Measurement of "new vital signs", such as gait, behavior patterns, sleep patterns, general exercise, rehabilitation exercises, and more
gator tech smart house
Gator-Tech Smart House
  • The University of Florida
  • Focus is on older people with disabilities
  • Developing communications, home monitoring, and "smart" technology for older persons
  • Sensors embedded in the wall and floor
  • Smart phone that will allow residents to give commands to the house
  • RFIDs in food packaging
  • Computers with video teleconferencing capability
the aware home
The Aware Home
  • Georgia Institute of Technology
  • Senior adults
  • Project focus on social communication, memory aids, everyday home assistants, and activity recognition
  • The “Gesture Pendant” recognizes, and then translates gestures into commands for home appliances
  • Three story 5040 sq ft home that functions as a living laboratory
house n
House_n
  • Massachusetts Institute of Technology
  • The Changing Places/House_n Consortium has designed a unique “living laboratory” called the PlaceLab
  • Develop innovative user interface applications that help people easily control their environment, save resources, remain mentally and physically active, and stay healthy
house n projects
Sensor network

Environmental sensing

State sensors

Location beacons

Audio sensing

Wearable biometric and motion sensors.

Addressable lighting

Environmental control

Still image and video capture

Context-aware experience sampling

Activity recognition algorithms

Image-based experience sampling

Audio communication

House_n Projects
the end
The End

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