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Caring for Medical Emergencies. Topics. Illness-Related Emergencies Caring for Specific Illnesses. Objectives . List the common signs and symptoms of a general illness Discuss the steps for assessing an ill person Discuss the common causes of altered mental status

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Presentation Transcript
topics
Topics
  • Illness-Related Emergencies
  • Caring for Specific Illnesses
objectives
Objectives
  • List the common signs and symptoms of a general illness
  • Discuss the steps for assessing an ill person
  • Discuss the common causes of altered mental status
  • Describe the signs and symptoms of a person with an altered mental status
objectives1
Objectives
  • Discuss the appropriate care for a person with altered mental status
  • Describe the signs and symptoms of a person experiencing a generalized seizure
  • Discuss the appropriate care for a person experiencing a generalized seizure
  • Describe the signs and symptoms of a person experiencing a stroke
objectives2
Objectives
  • Discuss the appropriate care for a person experiencing a stroke
  • Describe the signs and symptoms of a person experiencing a diabetic emergency
  • Discuss the appropriate care for a person experiencing a diabetic emergency
objectives3
Objectives
  • Describe the signs and symptoms of a person experiencing chest pain
  • Describe the appropriate care for a person experiencing chest pain
  • Describe the signs and symptoms of a person experiencing difficulty breathing
  • Discuss the appropriate care for the person experiencing difficulty breathing
objectives4
Objectives
  • Describe the signs and symptoms of a cold-related emergency
  • Describe the appropriate care for a person experiencing a cold-related emergency
  • Describe the signs and symptoms of a person experiencing a heat-related emergency
objectives5
Objectives
  • Discuss the appropriate care for a person experiencing a heat-related emergency
  • Describe the signs and symptoms of a person experiencing an overdose or poisoning
  • Discuss the appropriate care for a person experiencing an overdose or poisoning
objectives6
Objectives
  • Describe the signs and symptoms of emergencies related to bites and stings
  • Discuss the appropriate care for a person experiencing an emergency related to a bite or sting
illness related emergencies
Illness-Related Emergencies
  • Common signs of illness:
    • AMS
    • Unresponsiveness
    • Abnormal pulse or breathing
    • Abnormal skin signs
    • Unusual breath odors
    • Uncontrolled muscle activity
illness related emergencies1
Illness-Related Emergencies
  • Common symptoms of illness:
    • Chest or abdominal pain
    • Dizziness or headache
    • Numbness or tingling
    • Difficulty breathing
    • Fever or chills
    • Nausea
    • Itching or burning skin
illness related emergencies2
Illness-Related Emergencies
  • Assessment of the Ill Person:
    • Scene size-up
    • Primary assessment
    • Secondary assessment
    • Reassessment
quick check
Quick Check
  • If there is a problem with the primary assessment, must you still do your best to complete a secondary assessment before EMS arrives? Why or why not?
caring for specific illnesses
Caring for Specific Illnesses
  • Altered mental status:
    • Signs and symptoms:
      • Decreased level of consciousness
      • Confusion/disorientation
      • Asking repeated questions
      • Agitation or aggression
caring for specific illnesses1
Caring for Specific Illnesses
  • Altered mental status:
    • Priorities of care
caring for specific illnesses2
Caring for Specific Illnesses
  • Seizures:
    • Signs and symptoms:
      • Generalized seizure
      • Convulsions
      • Epilepsy
    • Priorities of care:
      • Protect the person
      • Airway
      • Postictal
      • Recovery position
quick check1
Quick Check
  • Assuming that the scene is safe, what is your top priority when caring for a person who is actively convulsing from a seizure?
caring for specific illnesses3
Caring for Specific Illnesses
  • Cerebral Vascular Accident (stroke):
    • Signs and symptoms:
      • Sudden change in mental status
      • Headache
      • Vision problems
      • Slurred speech
      • Facial droop
      • Paralysis (one side)
    • Priorities of care
quick check2
Quick Check
  • What is the ideal position for anyone with altered mental status who does not have a suspected neck or back injury?
caring for specific illnesses4
Caring for Specific Illnesses
  • Diabetes:
    • Signs and symptoms:
      • Altered mental status
      • Pale, moist skin
      • Irritable or unusual behavior
      • Fruity or sweet breath
      • Unresponsiveness
    • Priorities of care
caring for specific illnesses5
Caring for Specific Illnesses
  • Chest pain:
    • Signs and symptoms:
      • Chest pain
      • Pressure/heaviness in the chest
      • Radiating pain
      • Pale, moist skin
      • Shortness of breath
    • Priorities of care
caring for specific illnesses6
Caring for Specific Illnesses
  • Breathing problems:
    • Signs and symptoms:
      • Labored breathing
      • Increased breathing rate
      • Noisy breathing
      • Anxiety
      • Use of accessory muscles
      • Cyanosis
    • Priorities of care
quick check3
Quick Check
  • Is it appropriate to encourage a person to take his medication whether it has expired or not?
caring for specific illnesses7
Caring for Specific Illnesses
  • Cold-related emergencies:
    • Signs and symptoms:
      • Generalized hypothermia:
        • Cool skin
        • Shivering
        • Altered mental status
        • Loss of coordination
caring for specific illnesses8
Caring for Specific Illnesses
  • Cold-related emergencies:
    • Signs and symptoms:
      • Frostbite:
        • Pale and cold/cool skin
        • Firmness of skin
        • Los of sensation
    • Priorities of care
caring for specific illnesses9
Caring for Specific Illnesses
  • Heat-related emergencies:
    • Signs and symptoms:
      • AMS
      • Hot, moist or dry skin
      • Weakness/exhaustion
      • Muscle cramps
      • Dizziness
    • Priorities of care
caring for specific illnesses10
Caring for Specific Illnesses
  • Poisoning and overdose:
    • Four entry ways:
      • Ingestion
      • Injection
      • Absorption
      • Inhalation
    • Signs and symptoms
    • Priorities of care
caring for specific illnesses11
Caring for Specific Illnesses
  • Poisoning and overdose:
    • Signs and symptoms:
      • AMS
      • Convulsions
      • Difficulty breathing
      • Shallow respirations
      • Burns around the mouth
    • Priorities of care
caring for specific illnesses12
Caring for Specific Illnesses
  • Bites and stings:
    • Signs and symptoms:
      • Noticeable marks on the skin
      • Itching
      • Difficulty breathing
      • AMS
      • Dizziness
      • Nausea/vomiting
    • Priorities of care
caring for specific illnesses13
Caring for Specific Illnesses
  • Severe allergic reaction:
    • Signs and symptoms:
      • Swelling (lips, eyelids, throat)
      • Extreme difficulty breathing
      • AMS/anxiety
      • Hives/itching
      • Nausea/vomiting/diarrhea
      • Abdominal pain/cramping
    • Priorities of care
review question
Review Question
  • You are called to assist a co-worker who is complaining of itchy skin, dizziness, and difficulty breathing. You should suspect:
    • Generalized seizure
    • Brain attack (stroke)
    • Bite or sting
    • Diabetic emergency
review question1
Review Question
  • Which one of the following is one of the most common signs or symptoms of a sudden illness?
    • Abdominal pain
    • Fever or chills
    • Headache
    • Altered mental status
review question2
Review Question
  • The bluish color of the skin caused by a lack of oxygen to the tissues is called:
    • Cyanosis
    • Hypoxia
    • Perfusion
    • Contusion
review question3
Review Question
  • When the normal electrical activity in the brain is interrupted, it can cause:
    • Angina
    • Hypoperfusion
    • Seizures
    • Strokes