MEDICAL EMERGENCIES. Dealing with an Medical Emergency. A medical emergency is an accidental injury or a medical crisis that is very severe or life threatening, such as: The person is not breathing. Stroke or heart attack. Severe bleeding. Shock. Poisoning. Burns.
A medical emergency is an accidental injury or a medical crisis that is very severe or life threatening, such as:
A medical emergency requires your immediate attention, sometimes even before you telephone emergency services for help.
Fainting is a brief loss of consciousness that is
caused by a temporary reduction of blood
flow to the brain.
Shock occurs when the circulatory system fails, and insufficient oxygen reaches the tissues. If the condition is not treated quickly, vital organs can fail, ultimately causing death. Shock is made worse by fear and pain.
> stretch out the affected muscle to counteract the cramp
> massage the cramped muscle firmly
> apply moist heat to the area
> get medical help if the cramp persists
Strains and Sprains (R.I.C.E.)
* Rest- avoid movements and activities that cause pain.
* Ice- ice helps reduce pain and swelling.
* Compression- light pressure from wearing an elastic wrap or bandage can help reduce swelling.
* Elevation- raising the affected limb about the level of the heart reduces pain and swelling.
A fracture is a break or crack in the
continuity of the bone.
A dislocation is the displacement of one or more
bones at a joint. It usually occurs in the shoulders, elbow, thumb, fingers and the lower jaw.
I – A – C – T
If victim is known diabetic, his or her mental status is altered, and is awake enough to swallow:
> wash the bite area with mild soap and warm water for five minutes to remove saliva and any other foreign matter.
> use direct pressure or pressure point bleeding control to stop any bleeding.
> if the wound is swollen, apply ice wrapped in a towel for 10 min.
> cover the wound with a clean dressing or bandage.
> often occurs when a person has been breathing dry air.
> seek professional help if they occur often.
> do not tilt the persons head back, this could cause them to choke as the blood runs down their throat.
Object in the Eye
> do not rub the eye
> wash your hands, then flush out the eye by using water.