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Medical Emergencies

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  1. Medical Emergencies Format by Don Wollenbecker Edited by Regina T. Shumaker EMT-P/EMS-I

  2. Toxicology Endocrinology Neurology Allergies Anaphylaxis Urology 100 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 500

  3. Toxicology $100 • This is the treatment of choice for all most all chemical injuries. • What isCopious Irrigation with Water?

  4. Toxicology $200 • Your patient’s pupils are 2mm wide, round, and relative to light. This is a sign of this. • What is An Opiate Overdose?

  5. Toxicology $300 • Administration of this drug in Carbon Monoxide poisoning will reduce the half life of of carbon monoxide . • What isOxygen?

  6. Toxicology $400 • Administration of analgesics will increase the venom toxicity of this. • What is a Scorpion Sting?

  7. Toxicology $500 • Surface exposure of this agent requires the immediate application of an oil agent. • What is Sodium Metal?

  8. Endocrinology $100 • This hormone is produced in the pancreas and stimulate an increase in blood sugar. • What isGlucagon?

  9. Endocrinology $200 • This disease is caused by a hypersecretion of glucocorticoids by the adrenal glands. • What isCushing’s Disease?

  10. Endocrinology $300 • This is the definition of of the breakdown of glucose stores in the liver. • What isGlycogenolysis?

  11. Endocrinology $400 • Hypersecretion of insulin would likely produce this. • What is Hypoglycemia?

  12. Daily Double • This is the medical term for abnormally large fluid intake. • What isPolydipsia? What is your wager?

  13. Neurology $100 • Elevated PCO2 levels will cause this to happen to the blood vessels of the brain. • What isVasodilation?

  14. Neurology $200 • This is the best indicator of perfusion to the brain. • What isLevel of Consciousness?

  15. Neurology $300 • This drug has the significant side effect of respiratory depression when given. • What is theDiazepam (Valium)?

  16. Neurology $400 • When this portion of the brain is injured it effects balance and coordination. • What is theCerebellum?

  17. Neurology $500 • Extreme muscular rigidity and hyperextension of the back characterizes this phase of a Grand Mal seizure . • What is theHypertonic Phase?

  18. Allergies/Anaphylaxis $100 • This is the most life-threatening result of an anaphylactic reaction. • What isAirway Edema and Obstruction?

  19. Allergies/Anaphylaxis $200 • This is the route of introduction of a toxic agent that produces the most rapid immune response. • What isInjection?

  20. Allergies/Anaphylaxis $300 • This chemical is released during a anaphylactic reaction that causes rapid increased vascular permeability, capillary, and venule dilation. . • What isHistamine?

  21. Allergies/Anaphylaxis $400 • Hypotension in an anaphylactic reaction primarily occurs from this . • What isCapillary Permeability and Vasodilation?

  22. Allergies/Anaphylaxis $500 • Administration of epinephrine can correct anaphylaxis related urticaria. This is best explained by the epi’s effects on this. • What are Alpha Receptor Sites?

  23. Urology $100 • The presence of “rebound tenderness” indicates this. • What isPeritoneal Irritation?

  24. Urology $200 • Epinephrine and Neosynephrine are secreted by these. • What are theAdrenal Glands?

  25. Urology $300 • The acute onset of unilateral flank pain radiating into the lower abdominal quadrant of the same side is associated with this. • What areRenal Calculi (Kidney Stones)?

  26. Urology $400 • This is the accumulation of serious fluid in the peritoneal cavity. • What isAscites?

  27. Urology $500 • This is the inability to concentrate urine/dilute urine relative to the osmolarity of blood. • What is Isosthenuria?

  28. Gastro- enterology Environmental Infectious/ Hematology Psychiatric/ Behavioral OB/GYN 200 200 200 200 200 400 400 400 400 400 600 600 600 600 600 800 800 800 800 800 1000 1000 1000 1000 1000

  29. Gastroenterology $200 • Bile that is secreted by this organ accomplishes fat digestion. • What is theLiver?

  30. Gastroenterology $400 • The acute onset of periumbilical pain that migrates to the right lower abdominal quadrant is associated with this. • What is Appendicitis?

  31. Gastroenterology $600 • The H. pylori bacterium is a common cause of this. • What isGastritis?

  32. Gastroenterology $800 • The formation of fistulas within other abdominal organs is a common effect of this disease. • What is Crohn’s Disease?

  33. Gastroenterology $1000 • Portal hypertension is the most common cause of this. • What isEsophageal Varices?

  34. Environmental $200 • This environmental injury is characterized by irrational behavior, extreme tachycardia, hypotension,systemic acidosis, confusion, and hepatic injury. • What isHeatstroke?

  35. Environmental $400 • The IV fluid of choice in a patient with severe hypothermia is this. • What is0.9% Normal Saline?

  36. Environmental $600 • Expansion of trapped air in the lungs from reverse squeeze in barotrauma is called this. • What is Pulmonary Overpressurization Syndrome (POPS) ?

  37. Environmental $800 • A high-altitude illness that presents with hyperpnea, crackles, rhonchi, tachycardia, and cyanosis is called this. • What is High-Altitude Pulmonary Edema ?

  38. Environmental $1000 • This is the pathophysiological event that ultimately leads to hypoxia, hypoxemia, acidosis, and dysrhythmia in drowning. • What is Laryngospasm ?

  39. Infectious/Hematology $200 • This inherited disease is characterized by sickle-shaped red blood cells. • What is Sickle Cell Anemia ?

  40. Infectious/Hematology $400 • In this condition the body makes antibodies against it’s own tissues. • What isAutoimmune Disease ?

  41. Infectious/Hematology $600 • The most common cause of viral hepatitis is this. • What is Hepatitis A ?

  42. Infectious/Hematology $800 • This develops in AIDS patients and is evidenced by red or purple lesions. • What is Karposi’s Sarcoma ?

  43. Daily Double What is your wager? • This STD has S&S of headache, malaise, fever,lymphadenopathy, symmetrical rash of the palms of the hands, and the soles of the feet. • What is a Syphilis ?

  44. Psychiatric/Behavioral $200 • A behavioral emergency is best defined as this. • What is aChange in Mood or Behavior that cannot be tolerated by the involved person or others ?

  45. Psychiatric/Behavioral $400 • Bipolar disorder manifests with altering mood extremes. The mania phase is characterized by this • What isPerceived Personal Grandur ?

  46. Psychiatric/Behavioral $600 • Death that occurs from positioning that prevents sufficient intake of oxygen is called this. • What isPositional Asphyxia ?

  47. Psychiatric/Behavioral $800 • These specific skills are typically required to prevent escalation of a behavioral or psychiatric emergency. • What areCommunication and Support ?

  48. Psychiatric/Behavioral $1000 • This is the extreme response to stress characterized by impaired ability to deal with reality. • What isPsychosis ?

  49. OB/GYN $200 • The luteinizing hormone (LH) affects the activity of this. • What are theOvaries and Testes?

  50. OB/GYN $400 • This is the definition of painful menstruation. • What is Dysmenorrhea?