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Medical Emergencies Format by Don Wollenbecker Edited by Regina T. Shumaker EMT-P/EMS-I Toxicology Endocrinology Neurology Allergies Anaphylaxis Urology 100 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 500

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medical emergencies
Medical Emergencies

Format by Don Wollenbecker

Edited by Regina T. Shumaker EMT-P/EMS-I

slide2
Toxicology

Endocrinology

Neurology

Allergies

Anaphylaxis

Urology

100

100

100

100

100

200

200

200

200

200

300

300

300

300

300

400

400

400

400

400

500

500

500

500

500

toxicology 100
Toxicology $100
  • This is the treatment of choice for all most all chemical injuries.
  • What isCopious Irrigation with Water?
toxicology 200
Toxicology $200
  • Your patient’s pupils are 2mm wide, round, and relative to light. This is a sign of this.
  • What is An Opiate Overdose?
toxicology 300
Toxicology $300
  • Administration of this drug in Carbon Monoxide poisoning will reduce the half life of of carbon monoxide .
  • What isOxygen?
toxicology 400
Toxicology $400
  • Administration of analgesics will increase the venom toxicity of this.
  • What is a Scorpion Sting?
toxicology 500
Toxicology $500
  • Surface exposure of this agent requires the immediate application of an oil agent.
  • What is Sodium Metal?
endocrinology 100
Endocrinology $100
  • This hormone is produced in the pancreas and stimulate an increase in blood sugar.
  • What isGlucagon?
endocrinology 200
Endocrinology $200
  • This disease is caused by a hypersecretion of glucocorticoids by the adrenal glands.
  • What isCushing’s Disease?
endocrinology 300
Endocrinology $300
  • This is the definition of of the breakdown of glucose stores in the liver.
  • What isGlycogenolysis?
endocrinology 400
Endocrinology $400
  • Hypersecretion of insulin would likely produce this.
  • What is Hypoglycemia?
slide12
Daily Double
  • This is the medical term for abnormally large fluid intake.
  • What isPolydipsia?

What is your wager?

neurology 100
Neurology $100
  • Elevated PCO2 levels will cause this to happen to the blood vessels of the brain.
  • What isVasodilation?
neurology 200
Neurology $200
  • This is the best indicator of perfusion to the brain.
  • What isLevel of Consciousness?
neurology 300
Neurology $300
  • This drug has the significant side effect of respiratory depression when given.
  • What is theDiazepam (Valium)?
neurology 400
Neurology $400
  • When this portion of the brain is injured it effects balance and coordination.
  • What is theCerebellum?
neurology 500
Neurology $500
  • Extreme muscular rigidity and hyperextension of the back characterizes this phase of a Grand Mal seizure .
  • What is theHypertonic Phase?
allergies anaphylaxis 100
Allergies/Anaphylaxis $100
  • This is the most life-threatening result of an anaphylactic reaction.
  • What isAirway Edema and Obstruction?
allergies anaphylaxis 200
Allergies/Anaphylaxis $200
  • This is the route of introduction of a toxic agent that produces the most rapid immune response.
  • What isInjection?
allergies anaphylaxis 300
Allergies/Anaphylaxis $300
  • This chemical is released during a anaphylactic reaction that causes rapid increased vascular permeability, capillary, and venule dilation. .
  • What isHistamine?
allergies anaphylaxis 400
Allergies/Anaphylaxis $400
  • Hypotension in an anaphylactic reaction primarily occurs from this .
  • What isCapillary Permeability and Vasodilation?
allergies anaphylaxis 500
Allergies/Anaphylaxis $500
  • Administration of epinephrine can correct anaphylaxis related urticaria. This is best explained by the epi’s effects on this.
  • What are Alpha Receptor Sites?
urology 100
Urology $100
  • The presence of “rebound tenderness” indicates this.
  • What isPeritoneal Irritation?
urology 200
Urology $200
  • Epinephrine and Neosynephrine are secreted by these.
  • What are theAdrenal Glands?
urology 300
Urology $300
  • The acute onset of unilateral flank pain radiating into the lower abdominal quadrant of the same side is associated with this.
  • What areRenal Calculi (Kidney Stones)?
urology 400
Urology $400
  • This is the accumulation of serious fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
  • What isAscites?
urology 500
Urology $500
  • This is the inability to concentrate urine/dilute urine relative to the osmolarity of blood.
  • What is Isosthenuria?
slide28
Gastro-

enterology

Environmental

Infectious/

Hematology

Psychiatric/

Behavioral

OB/GYN

200

200

200

200

200

400

400

400

400

400

600

600

600

600

600

800

800

800

800

800

1000

1000

1000

1000

1000

gastroenterology 200
Gastroenterology $200
  • Bile that is secreted by this organ accomplishes fat digestion.
  • What is theLiver?
gastroenterology 400
Gastroenterology $400
  • The acute onset of periumbilical pain that migrates to the right lower abdominal quadrant is associated with this.
  • What is Appendicitis?
gastroenterology 600
Gastroenterology $600
  • The H. pylori bacterium is a common cause of this.
  • What isGastritis?
gastroenterology 800
Gastroenterology $800
  • The formation of fistulas within other abdominal organs is a common effect of this disease.
  • What is Crohn’s Disease?
gastroenterology 1000
Gastroenterology $1000
  • Portal hypertension is the most common cause of this.
  • What isEsophageal Varices?
environmental 200
Environmental $200
  • This environmental injury is characterized by irrational behavior, extreme tachycardia, hypotension,systemic acidosis, confusion, and hepatic injury.
  • What isHeatstroke?
environmental 400
Environmental $400
  • The IV fluid of choice in a patient with severe hypothermia is this.
  • What is0.9% Normal Saline?
environmental 600
Environmental $600
  • Expansion of trapped air in the lungs from reverse squeeze in barotrauma is called this.
  • What is Pulmonary Overpressurization Syndrome (POPS) ?
environmental 800
Environmental $800
  • A high-altitude illness that presents with hyperpnea, crackles, rhonchi, tachycardia, and cyanosis is called this.
  • What is High-Altitude Pulmonary Edema ?
environmental 1000
Environmental $1000
  • This is the pathophysiological event that ultimately leads to hypoxia, hypoxemia, acidosis, and dysrhythmia in drowning.
  • What is Laryngospasm ?
infectious hematology 200
Infectious/Hematology $200
  • This inherited disease is characterized by sickle-shaped red blood cells.
  • What is Sickle Cell Anemia ?
infectious hematology 400
Infectious/Hematology $400
  • In this condition the body makes antibodies against it’s own tissues.
  • What isAutoimmune Disease ?
infectious hematology 600
Infectious/Hematology $600
  • The most common cause of viral hepatitis is this.
  • What is Hepatitis A ?
infectious hematology 800
Infectious/Hematology $800
  • This develops in AIDS patients and is evidenced by red or purple lesions.
  • What is Karposi’s Sarcoma ?
slide43
Daily Double

What is your wager?

  • This STD has S&S of headache, malaise, fever,lymphadenopathy, symmetrical rash of the palms of the hands, and the soles of the feet.
  • What is a Syphilis ?
psychiatric behavioral 200
Psychiatric/Behavioral $200
  • A behavioral emergency is best defined as this.
  • What is aChange in Mood or Behavior that cannot be tolerated by the involved person or others ?
psychiatric behavioral 400
Psychiatric/Behavioral $400
  • Bipolar disorder manifests with altering mood extremes. The mania phase is characterized by this
  • What isPerceived Personal Grandur ?
psychiatric behavioral 600
Psychiatric/Behavioral $600
  • Death that occurs from positioning that prevents sufficient intake of oxygen is called this.
  • What isPositional Asphyxia ?
psychiatric behavioral 800
Psychiatric/Behavioral $800
  • These specific skills are typically required to prevent escalation of a behavioral or psychiatric emergency.
  • What areCommunication and Support ?
psychiatric behavioral 1000
Psychiatric/Behavioral $1000
  • This is the extreme response to stress characterized by impaired ability to deal with reality.
  • What isPsychosis ?
ob gyn 200
OB/GYN $200
  • The luteinizing hormone (LH) affects the activity of this.
  • What are theOvaries and Testes?
ob gyn 400
OB/GYN $400
  • This is the definition of painful menstruation.
  • What is Dysmenorrhea?
ob gyn 600
OB/GYN $600
  • This is the premature separation of a normally implanted placenta from the uterine wall.
  • What isAbruptio Placentae?
slide52
Daily Double

What is your wager?

  • These painless, irregular contractions, caused by intermittent contractions of the uterus, as early as the thirteenth week of gestation are know as this.
  • What areBraxton-Hicks Contractions?
ob gyn 1000
OB/GYN $1000
  • This is the most common cause of postpartum hemorrhage is this.
  • What isUterine Atony? ( lack of uterine muscle tone)
final jeopardy
Final Jeopardy!

What is your wager?

final jeopardy55
Final Jeopardy!
  • This condition is characterized by in which the vWF component of factor VIII is deficient.

What isvon Willebrand’s Disease?

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