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Giving Oral Reasons In Livestock Judging. Darrell Rothlisberger Rich County Extension Agent 435.793.2435 darrellr@ext.usu.edu. Oral Reasons . Teach you to organize your thoughts and defend your decision to a reason taker Maximum time is two (2) minutes . Benefits from Reasons.

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giving oral reasons in livestock judging

Giving Oral Reasons In Livestock Judging

Darrell Rothlisberger

Rich County Extension Agent

435.793.2435

darrellr@ext.usu.edu

oral reasons
Oral Reasons
  • Teach you to organize your thoughts and defend your decision to a reason taker
  • Maximum time is two (2) minutes
benefits from reasons
Benefits from Reasons
  • Think more clearly
  • State your thoughts clearly
  • Improve your speaking voice
  • Develop memory
    • Learn to recall a situation clearly
    • What happened several hours ago or even longer
benefits from reasons1
Benefits from Reasons
  • Become organized
    • Get your thoughts in line with what you have on paper
  • Express yourself in a convincing manner
  • Defend your decisions
  • Sell yourself and your ideas
steps to a high score
Steps to a high score
  • Stand up straight and put hands behind your back.
  • Speak in a louder than normal speaking voice.
  • Greet the reasons taker with Good Morning, Good Afternoon or simply Hi or Hello
  • Look at the reasons taker in the eye or forehead or just over their head
steps to a high score1
Steps to a high score
  • Stand 5 to 6 feet from reasons taker
  • Avoid words and phrases that do not add meaning
  • Talk the obvious ie; the most noticeable points first
  • Keep reasons short and to the point
  • Be descriptive and complete
  • Do not use notes
note format
Note format
  • Use identifying marks
  • Don’t memorize
  • Visualize
reasons format
Reasons Format
  • Pleasant to hear
  • Easy to listen to
  • Easy to follow
  • Cover major points in the class
  • Use correct gender and terms specific to the particular class
  • Given in comparison terms
reasons format1
Reasons Format
  • Breaks a class of four animals into three pairs
    • Top, middle, bottom
  • Each pair is discussed in three areas
    • General or broad statements
    • Reinforcements or specific statements
    • Grants or criticisms
be comparative
Be comparative

Discuss only the things which you observed

  • Tell the truth !!
  • Talk in present Tense
  • Ie: (is not was)
use comparative terms
Use Comparative terms
  • Bigger
  • Longer
  • More muscle
  • Lighter
  • Smaller
  • “er” terms
  • NOTE: Don’t use the same term over and over. Longer vs more extended.
transition terms
Transition Terms
  • Words or phrases that help your reasons flow more smoothly.
  • Allows reasons taker to follow your thoughts more easily
  • Use voice inflection
  • There are lists on the internet
    • Search words like livestock judging reasons or terms
transition terms1
Transition Terms
  • Plus
  • Moreover
  • As well as
  • In addition
  • Furthermore
  • However
  • Sure
  • I criticize
  • I recognize
  • I grant
  • Additionally
  • Even so
  • Yes
taking notes
Taking Notes
  • Develop your own system
  • So you remember
  • For example
    • BT = big top
    • SS= size and scale
    • BF = bigger frame
    • VD = vertical dimension
basic format
Basic Format
  • Greet the reasons taker
  • Top individual if obvious
  • Top pair
  • Middle pair
  • Bottom pair
  • Last animal
top pair
Top Pair
  • General Statement
    • Tell reason for placing 1 first and over 2 in the top pair
  • Reinforcements
    • Go into more detail to further describe your general statement
  • Grants
    • Was 2 better that 1 in any area?
  • Criticize 2
middle pair
Middle pair
  • General Statement
    • Tell reason for placing 2 over 3.
  • Reinforcements
    • Go into more detail to further describe your general statement
  • Grants
    • Was 3 better that 2 in any area?
  • Criticize 3
bottom pair
Bottom pair
  • General Statement
    • Tell reason for placing 3 over 4.
  • Reinforcements
    • Go into more detail to further describe your general statement
  • Grants
    • Was 4 better that 3 in any area
bottom animal
Bottom animal
  • Explain why it is the last place animal
  • As compared to the rest of the class
  • In “est” terms
    • Smallest framed
    • Lightest muscled
    • Structurally most incorrect
the grid format
The Grid Format

Step 1

Step 13 closing statement

13 steps to giving reasons and taking notes
13 steps to giving Reasons and taking Notes
  • Step 1 – Give name of class you are placing
  • Step 2 – Your opening statement should briefly explain why your top animal wins the class.
  • Step 3 – Criticize your top place animal, tell them what you see, not what you would change.

Casper College

13 steps to giving reasons and taking notes1
13 steps to giving Reasons and taking Notes
  • Step 4 – Tell why your 1st place animal beats your 2nd place animal.
  • Step 5 – Tell what you liked better about your 2nd place animal than you did about your class winner.
  • Step 6 – Criticize your 2nd place animal
  • Step 7 – Compare your 2nd and 3rd place animals or tell why your 2nd place animal beats your 3rd place animal.

Casper College

13 steps to giving reasons and taking notes2
13 steps to giving Reasons and taking Notes
  • Step 8 – Grant to your 3rd place animal or tell what you liked about your 3rd place animal.
  • Step 9 – Criticize or point out your 3rd place animal’s weakness.
  • Step 10 – Tell why your 3rd place animal beats your 4th place animal.

Casper College

13 steps to giving reasons and taking notes3
13 steps to giving Reasons and taking Notes
  • Step 11 – Grant to your 4th place animal or point out his or her major strengths.
  • Step 12 – Criticize your 4th place animal or tell why it is last.
  • Step 13 – Closing Statement

Casper College

the end of your reasons
The end of your reasons
  • Always say thank you