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Better Oral Reasons. Getting Started. Keys to Improving. Understand Why We Give Reasons Verbal Skill Improvement Justification Skills (Decision Making) Prove Competency Reasons are a Sales Communication Practice, Compete, Improve, Practice, Compete, Improve etc……

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better oral reasons

Better Oral Reasons

Getting Started

keys to improving
Keys to Improving
  • Understand Why We Give Reasons
    • Verbal Skill Improvement
    • Justification Skills (Decision Making)
    • Prove Competency
  • Reasons are a Sales Communication
  • Practice, Compete, Improve, Practice, Compete, Improve etc……
  • Additional Livestock Experience
understand scoring
Understand Scoring
  • Accuracy
  • Delivery
    • Format
    • Appearance
    • Confidence, Poise, Presentation Flow, etc.
  • Terminology
    • Species Specific
    • Contemporary
  • Emphasis
  • Tell the Truth
  • Improve Your Evaluation Skills
    • Experience
  • Emphasize the Big Things
  • Take More Effective Notes
  • Be More Prepared
improved notes
Placed 1 over 2


Loin / Ham




HM Carcass

Largest LEA

Grant 2 over 1



Lower 1/3


Criticism of 2

Smallest Skeleton

2nd L Muscled

Improved Notes
improving delivery
Improving Delivery
  • Format – Simple Structure
    • System Benefits Both Contestant and Judge
    • Build onto Format with Experience
  • Appearance
    • Look Nice (appropriate for occasion)
    • No Hat, Gum, Chew etc.
    • Physical Delivery (Spacing, Stance, etc.)
    • Look Like You are Having Fun (Enthusiasm!)
  • Practice for Flow and Confidence (Fear!!)
improved terminology
Improved Terminology
  • Up to Date Terms
  • Need not Be “Fancy”
  • Livestock Experience Helps
  • Situation Appropriate (Breeding - Market)
  • Species Appropriate
    • No Hams in the Steer Class
    • Convince the Reasons Taker You Raise that Species (commonality)
  • The Difference Between Good Set and Great Set
  • Most Important Reasons for the Decision Instead of Just the Differences
  • Telling the Judge What He or She Expects/Wants to Hear
  • Experience is Key
getting started
Getting Started
  • Work Through a Simple Format With Format for Notes
  • First and Last Statements are Crucial
  • Only the Big Differences Including ID
  • Keep Track of Placing
  • Learn a Few General Species Terms
  • Smile, Look Appropriate, Be Friendly
  • Practice for Improvement
  • Make it as Enjoyable as Possible Especially for Younger Children
  • Evaluate Skills, Motivation and Experience to Decide Where to Start
  • This is a Long Distance Race and Not a Sprint
  • Students Will Progress at Different Speeds
  • You Need More than One Student to Make a Successful Team
basic format
Basic Format
  • I placed this class of _________ 1-2-3-4
  • In my top pair I placed 1 over 2 because _
  • I grant 2 was ______ than 1,
  • But I placed 2 second because ____.(Opt)
  • In my middle pair I placed 2 over 3 because…………
  • I placed 4 last because he was the ______ in this class.
format tips
Format Tips
  • “Always” Be Comparative or Superlative in pairs (er or est) or Grants
  • For Criticisms, Use Superlatives or Direct Criticism Compared to Average Animals
  • In Criticism, Be Appropriate but not Cruel
  • Try to Vary Your Grant Lead In (ie Grant, Realize, Admit, Recognize, etc.)
format upgrades
Format Upgrades
  • Introduction of Class – I started with the highest performing bull and placed the Simmental bulls 1-2-3-4
  • “Criticism” of the class winner
  • Using the scenario of a Performance class to create an opening statement
  • Vary and Add to the Transitions Between Pairs and Sections
  • Carcass Phrase in Every Market Pair
use outline form in pairs
Use Outline Form in Pairs
  • Opening Phrase States Big, General Terms that Will be Elaborated On
  • Following Sentences Describe Differences Eluded to in Opening Phrase
  • Finish With Extra Important Differences
  • I placed the red steer over 4 in my bottom pair because he was a heavier muscled, more correctly finished steer. 3 was a thicker topped, heavier quartered steer that showed more evidence of finish over his ribs, in his lower body and flank. Thus he should produce a carcass with a larger ribeye and a greater probability of grading Choice.
other tips
Other Tips
  • Some General Terms Need Little or No Elaboration
  • This is Especially True in Grants and Criticisms
  • Do Not “Repeat” Yourself in the Grant or Criticism Without Referring to the Class or All Animals
  • It is OK to Take an Pair Off (Too Easy)
  • Use IDs to Replace Numbers for Points
know your reasons taker
Know Your Reasons Taker
  • The Good Ones Want to Give You a Good Score, Help Them!
  • Try to Score Points on Your Strongest Species
  • Be More Brief During Later Sets
  • Judge Will Most Vividly Remember Your First and Last Statements
  • Be Shorter for Sheep Reasons
in summary
In Summary
  • Start With a Simple Format Appropriate for Age and Experience
  • Stick to the Big Differences and Don’t Lie
  • Your Appearance, Attitude and Mechanics are Easy Ways to Pick Up or Lose Points
  • Work on Taking Useful Notes
  • There is Absolutely No Substitute for Practice and Experience
swine judging
Swine Judging
  • Changing Again
  • Still Focused on the Production and Carcass Value
  • Width, Muscle, Structural Soundness and Performance are All Areas of Emphasis
  • Leanness is Somewhat Less Important, but Fat Hogs Still are Discriminated Against
  • Hogs are Not Sheep and Vice Versa
  • Find Some Decent Pigs to Work With
  • Montana State University??
  • Feed and Supply Companies (Showmaster et al)
  • Breed Associations
    • National Swine Registry
    • American Angus
  • College Web-sites
    • Colorado State, Kansas State, Texas A&M, Texas Tech, Iowa State