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The Relationship between Church and State in the United States. Elizabeth McLain Senior Capstone Presentation. The First Amendment.

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The relationship between church and state in the united states

The Relationship between Church and State in the United States

Elizabeth McLain

Senior Capstone Presentation


The first amendment
The First Amendment States

Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances


Religion clauses
Religion Clauses States

  • Establishment of religion

  • Free exercise


The founders
The Founders States

Intentions of separation between

church and state?


Colonists
Colonists States

  • Roger Williams

  • William Penn


The founding fathers
The Founding Fathers States

  • Benjamin Franklin

  • George Washington

  • Thomas Jefferson

  • Patrick Henry

  • James Madison


Thomas jefferson s wall of separation letter to the danbury baptist association of connecticut
Thomas Jefferson’s States“Wall of Separation”Letter to the Danbury Baptist Association of Connecticut



The fourteenth amendment
The Fourteenth Amendment States

  • No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States

  • Barron v. Baltimore (1833)


The mormon cases
The Mormon Cases States

  • Reynolds v. United States (1879)

  • Davis v. Beason (1890)

  • The Late Corporation of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints v. United States (1890)


The relationship between church and state in the united states

"Laws are made for the government of actions, and while they cannot interfere with mere religious beliefs and opinions, they may with practices."

Chief Justice Warren


Everson v board of education 1947
Everson v. Board of Education (1947) cannot interfere with mere religious beliefs and opinions, they may with practices."

Jefferson’s “wall of separation” used by Justice Hugo Black


Flag salute cases
Flag Salute Cases cannot interfere with mere religious beliefs and opinions, they may with practices."

  • Minersville School District v. Gobitis (1940)

  • West Virginia Board of Education v. Barnett (1943)


Prayer and bible reading in public schools

Prayer cannot interfere with mere religious beliefs and opinions, they may with practices."

Engel v. Vitale (1962)

Bible Readings

School District of Abington v. Schempp (1963)

Murray v. Curlett (1963)

Prayer and Bible Reading in Public Schools


The lemon test
The Lemon Test cannot interfere with mere religious beliefs and opinions, they may with practices."

  • Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971)

  • The statute must have a secular legislative purpose

  • Its principal or primary effect must be one that neither advances nor inhibits religion

  • The statute must not foster an excessive government entanglement with religion


Today s arguments
Today’s Arguments cannot interfere with mere religious beliefs and opinions, they may with practices."

  • Separationists

  • Accommodationists

  • Non-Preferentialists


Separationists
Separationists cannot interfere with mere religious beliefs and opinions, they may with practices."

  • American Civil Liberties Union

  • People for the American Way

  • Americans United for the Separation of Church and State

  • American Atheists


Accommodationists
Accommodationists cannot interfere with mere religious beliefs and opinions, they may with practices."

  • Christian Coalition

  • Christian Voice

  • Family First

  • Roy Moore


The relationship between church and state in the united states1
The Relationship between Church and State cannot interfere with mere religious beliefs and opinions, they may with practices." in the United States