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IMPERIALISM AND THE UNITED STATES; EXPANSION OF THE UNITED STATES

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IMPERIALISM AND THE UNITED STATES; EXPANSION OF THE UNITED STATES. SSUSH14 The student will explain America’s evolving relationship with the world at the turn of the twentieth century. USA: IMPERIALISM, EXPANSION.

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imperialism and the united states expansion of the united states
IMPERIALISM AND THE UNITED STATES;EXPANSION OF THE UNITED STATES
  • SSUSH14 The student will explain America’s evolving relationship with the world at the turn of the twentieth century.
usa imperialism expansion
USA: IMPERIALISM, EXPANSION
  • b. Describe the Spanish-American War, the war in the Philippines, and the debate over American expansionism.
  • c. Explain U.S. involvement in Latin America, as reflected by the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine and the creation of the Panama Canal.
usa imperialism expansion1
USA: IMPERIALISM, EXPANSION
  • The student will understand that when there is conflict between or within societies, change is the result.
  • • Why did American expansionism during the turn of the century result in the Spanish-American War and the war in the Philippines?
  • • Why did the creation of the Panama Canal lead to the Roosevelt Corollary?
imperialism defined
IMPERIALISM DEFINED
  • 1. Most commonly it is understood in relation to Empire building, as the expansion of a nation's authority by territorial conquest establishing economic, military, and political powers in other territories or nations.
  • 2. POLICY OF EXPANSIONISM
slide5
3. The term also describes the imperialistic attitude of superiority, subordination, and dominion over foreign people
reasons causes of imperialism by usa
REASONS-CAUSES OF IMPERIALISM BY USA
  • 1. GLOBAL COMPETITION FOR COLONIES
  • 2. DESIRE FOR MILITARY STRENGTH
  • a.Alfred T. Mahan, U.S. Navy, 1890, #3 in the world
  • 3. DESIRE FOR MARKETS
  • a.Needed raw materials for factories and markets for goods
  • 4. BELIEF IN CULTURAL SUPERIORTY
  • a.Racial superiority of Anglo-Saxons
acquisitions of the usa 1867 1899
ACQUISITIONS OF THE USA, 1867-1899
  • 1.ALASKA, 1867, FROM RUSSIA
  • 2.HAWAII, 1887, ANNEXED BY USA; BUILT PEARL HARBOR NAVAL BASE, LATE 1800S
  • 3.PUERTO RICO, GUAM, PHILIPPINE ISLANDS, 1898, AFTER SPAIN’S DEFEAT IN THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR
  • 4.SPLENDID LITTLE WAR, JOHN M. HAY
general causes of the spanish american war apr aug 1898
GENERAL CAUSES OF THE SPANISH AMERICAN WAR, APR-AUG, 1898
  • 1.FIGHT FOR FREEDOM IN CUBA AGAINST SPAIN
  • 2.SPANISH GENERAL V. WEYLER USED EXCESSIVE FORCE AGAINST CUBANS
  • 3.AMERICAN PRESS SENSATIONALIZED THE SPANISH ATROCITIES
  • 4.RELIGIOUS GROUPS SUPPORTED INTERVENTION
  • 5.BUSINESSMEN WANTED WAR FOR MORE MARKETS AND GLORY
  • 6.POPULAR SUPPORT FOR WAR
immediate causes of the spanish american war
IMMEDIATE CAUSES OF THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR
  • 1.DE LOME LETTER FROM SPANISH FOREIGN MINISTER CRITICAL OF USA PRESIDENT MCKINLEY
  • 2.SINKING OF U.S.S. BATTLESHIP, MAINE, IN HAVANA, CUBA, HARBOR
  • (“REMEMBER THE MAINE, TO HELL WITH SPAIN!”)
  • 3.USA PLACED DEMANDS ON SPAIN, MAINLY, A FREE CUBA
  • 4.SPAIN REFUSED DEMANDS. USA DECLARED WAR BUT NOT TO GET CUBA.
the spanish american war in the philippines
THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR IN THE PHILIPPINES
  • 1. 1ST BATTLE OF WAR, NOT CUBA
  • 2. BATTLE OF MANILA BAY, 4.1898
  • 3. U.S. NAVY ADMIRAL, GEORGE DEWEY DEFEATED SPAIN
  • 4. AMERICANS AND FILIPINOS DEFEATED SPANISH, 8.1898
  • 5. FILIPINO LEADER, EMILIO AGUINALDO
the spanish american war caribbean sea
THE SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR, CARIBBEAN SEA
  • 1. USA NAVAL BLOCKADE, CUBA
  • 2. ROUGH RIDERS, USA VOLUNTEER CAVALRY, LED BY T. ROOSEVELT, DEFEATED SPAIN
  • 3. BATTLES OF KETTLE AND SAN JUAN HILL
  • 4. USA INVADED PUERTO RICO, 7.1898
  • 5. ARMISTICE, CEASE-FIRE AGREEMENT,
  • 8.1898
  • 6. TREATY OF PARIS, 12.1898
treaty of paris 1898 results of spanish american war
TREATY OF PARIS, 1898, RESULTS OF SPANISH-AMERICAN WAR
  • 1. SPAIN FREED CUBA
  • 2. USA RECEIVED GUAM AND
  • PUERTO RICO
  • 3. USA RECEIVED PHILIPPINES
  • AND PAID SPAIN 20 MILLION
  • 4. USA ACQUIRED “EMPIRE.”
debate about empire and usa imperialism
DEBATE ABOUT EMPIRE AND USA IMPERIALISM
  • 1. CONTROVERSY OVER TAKING PHILIPPINES
  • 2. PRESIDENT MCKINLEY, “…EDUCATE, UPLIFT, CHRISTIANIZE…”
  • 3. OTHERS, VIOLATED DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE, DENIED SELF-GOVT
  • 4. BLACKS, B.T. WASHINGTON, SETTLE RACE ISSUES IN USA, OTHER PLACES LATER
  • 5. FILIPINOS WOULD COMPETE FOR AMERICAN JOBS
  • 6. FOR-MCKINLEY; AGAINST-G. CLEVELAND, J. ADDAMS
  • A. CARNEGIE, MARK TWAIN
usa involvement in latin america
USA INVOLVEMENT IN LATIN AMERICA
  • 1. LATIN AMERICA, ALL LAND S. OF THE RIO GRANDE RIVER (BORDER OF TEXAS AND MEXICO)
  • 2. MONROE DOCTRINE, EUROPE, STAY OUT OF W. HEMISPHERE
  • 3. ROOSEVELT COROLLARY, 1904
  • (COROLLARY-statement which follows readily from a previously proven statement. )
  • a. USA HAD RIGHT TO USE INTERNATIONAL POLICE
  • FORCE IN W. HEMISPHERE TO PROTECT ECO.
  • INTERESTS
  • b. “SPEAK SOFTLY, AND CARRY A BIG STICK; YOU WILL
  • GO FAR.” TEDDY ROOSEVELT
panama canal
PANAMA CANAL
  • 1. PANAMA, PROVINCE OF COLOMBIA
  • 2. 1ST ATTEMPT AT BUILDING, FRANCE
  • 3. USA SUPPORTED PANAMANIAN REVOLT AGAINST COLOMBIA, 11.1903
  • 4. PANAMA/USA TREATY TO BUILD CANAL AND PAY RENT (USA)
  • 5. USA SUPPORT OF PANAMA RESULTED IN DAMAGED LATIN
  • AMERICAN RELATIONS
the philippine american war
THE PHILIPPINE-AMERICAN WAR
  • 1899–1902 (official duration)1899–1913 (unofficial duration due to guerrilla action)
  • AKA, THE PHILIPPINE INSURRECTION
slide28
An insurgency, OR INSURRECTION, is a violent internal uprising against a sovereign government that lacks the organization of a revolution.
slide29
The Philippine-American War was an armed military conflict between the United States of America and the First Philippine Republic, which arose from the Filipino political struggle against U.S. occupation of the Philippines.
philippine insurrection
PHILIPPINE INSURRECTION
  • REBEL LEADER: EMILIO AGUINALDO
  • BELIEVED USA PROMISED INDEPENDENCE
  • USA PLAYED SAME ROLE AS SPAIN
  • AMERICAN SOLDIERS VIEWED FILIPINOS AS INFERIORS
  • MANY BLACKS FOUGHT IN THE PHILIPPINES
  • 20,000 FILIPINO DEATHS, 4000 AMERICAN DEATHS
  • RESULT: PHILIPPINE ISLANDS WERE VIEWED AS A
  • GATEWAY TO ASIA, ESPECIALLY CHINA, THE
  • “SICK MAN OF ASIA”