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Ohio Hazmat & WMD Technician. Module 1 Unit 9 Basic Chemistry. Learning Objectives. At the end of this training each student will demonstrate knowledge of basic chemistry and will understand how a products chemical properties can affect the outcome of the HazMat incident.

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ohio hazmat wmd technician

OhioHazmat & WMD Technician

Module 1 Unit 9

Basic Chemistry

learning objectives
Learning Objectives

At the end of this training each student will demonstrate knowledge of basic chemistry and will understand how a products chemical properties can affect the outcome of the HazMat incident.

student performance objectives
Student Performance Objectives
  • Know and understand chemical terms
  • Understand the terminology (including any glossary of WMD terms, chemical reference manuals, equipment manuals), classes of materials and agents, and toxicology of hazardous materials and WMD agents.
terminology
Terminology
  • Physical properties
  • Flammability properties
  • Corrosivity Terms
  • Chemistry terms
  • Toxicity terms
  • Reactivity terms
  • Chemical warfare terms
physical properties terms
Physical Properties Terms
  • Physical State
  • Appearance
  • Boiling Point
  • Melting Point/Freezing Point
  • Sublimation
  • Temperature of product
physical properties terms cont
Physical Properties Terms (cont.)
  • Viscosity
  • Expansion ratio
  • Chemical Reactivity (Incompatible)
  • Solubility
  • Specific Gravity
  • Vapor Density
physical properties terms cont7
Physical Properties Terms (cont.)
  • Vapor Pressure
    • mmHg
    • psi
    • Atmosphere (atm)
  • Critical Temperature and Pressure
flammability terms
Flammability Terms
  • Auto-ignition Temperature
  • Flash Point
  • Fire Point
flammability terms cont
Flammability Terms (cont.)
  • Maximum Safe Storage Temperature (MSST)
  • Self accelerating decomposition Lower Explosive Limit (LEL) or Lower Flammable Limit (LFL)
  • Upper Explosive Limit (UEL) or Upper Flammable Limit (UFL)
  • Flammable Range
  • temperature (SADT)
corrosivity terms
Corrosivity Terms
  • Corrosive/Corrosive Material
  • pH
  • Dissociation/Corrosivity
  • Acid
  • Alkali (Base) (Caustic)
chemistry terms
Chemistry Terms
  • Ionic bond
  • Covalent bond
  • Organic
  • Inorganic
  • Saturated hydrocarbon
  • Unsaturated hydrocarbon
chemistry terms cont
Chemistry Terms (cont.)
  • Aromatic hydrocarbons
  • Halogenated hydrocarbon
  • Auto refrigeration
  • Chemical interactions
  • Chemical change
chemistry terms cont13
Chemistry Terms (cont.)
  • Compound mixture
  • Concentration
  • Catalyst
  • Inhibitor
  • Instability
  • Oxidation potential
chemistry terms cont14
Chemistry Terms (cont.)
  • Solution
  • Slurry
  • Strength
  • Reactivity
  • Physical change
radiological terms
Radiological terms
  • Radiological Materials
    • Alpha particles
    • Beta particles
    • Gamma waves
  • Half life
radiological terms cont
Radiological Terms (cont.)
  • Radioactivity
  • RAD (Radiation Absorbed Dose)
  • REM (Roentgen Equivalent Man)
  • CPM (Counts Per Minute)
    • kilo
toxicity terms
Toxicity Terms
  • Toxicology
  • Acute Effect
  • Chronic Effect
  • Allergic Reaction
  • Asphyxiant
toxicity terms cont
Toxicity Terms (cont.)
  • Carcinogen
  • Irritant
  • Sensitizer
  • Convulsant
  • PPM, PPB (parts per million, parts per billion)
toxicity terms cont19
Toxicity Terms (cont.)
  • Lethal Concentration 50% (LC50)
  • Lethal Dose 50% (LD50)
  • Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL)
  • Threshold Limit Value – Time Weighted Average (TLV-TWA)
  • TLV - Short Term Exposure Limit (STEL)
toxicity terms cont20
Toxicity Terms (cont.)
  • TLV - Ceiling Limit (C)
  • Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health (IDLH)
  • Toxic Products of Combustion
  • Dose
  • Dose-response relationship
toxicity terms cont21
Toxicity Terms (cont.)
  • Infectious Dose
  • Incubation Period
reactivity terms
Reactivity Terms
  • Explosive
    • High explosives
      • Primary high explosive
      • Secondary high explosive
    • Low explosives
reactivity terms cont
Reactivity Terms (cont.)
  • Pyrophoric (Air Reactive)
  • Polymerization
  • Water Reactive
  • Hypergolic
  • Oxidizers
chemical warfare terms
Chemical Warfare Terms
  • Biological agents and toxins (Etiological Agents)
  • Blood agents
  • Blister Agents (Vesicants)
  • Irritants (Riot control agents)
  • Nerve agents
  • Persistence
exercise module 1 unit 9 chemistry
ExerciseModule 1 Unit 9Chemistry
  • Time Allotted: 30 minutes
  • Equipment needed: (2) 4 gas air monitors
  • P.I.D.
  • pH paper
  • Supplies needed: Acetone or other organic solvent
  • Acetic Acid (vinegar)
  • Battery Acid (Sulfuric acid)
  • Ammonia (window cleaner)
  • 4 to 6 small containers with lids or covers
  • NIOSH pocket guide and other references