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McLANE /BLACK LAKE FIRE DEPARTMENT ANNUAL HAZMAT Refresher. WA L&I HAZMAT Training Rules. Emergency Response (WAC 296-824) Uncontained HAZMAT events First Response Hazardous Waste Operations (WAC 829-843) HAZMAT Cleanup Operations. WA L&I HAZMAT Training Levels. Awareness Operations

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Mclane black lake fire department annual hazmat refresher


Wa l i hazmat training rules
WA L&IHAZMAT Training Rules

  • Emergency Response (WAC 296-824)

    • Uncontained HAZMAT events

    • First Response

  • Hazardous Waste Operations (WAC 829-843)

    • HAZMAT Cleanup Operations

Wa l i hazmat training levels
WA L&IHAZMAT Training Levels

  • Awareness

  • Operations

  • Technician

  • HAZMAT Specialist

  • Incident Commander

  • Specialist Employee

  • Skilled Support Personnel

  • Incident Safety Officer

Wa l i hazmat training levels1
WA L&IHAZMAT Training Levels

Emergency Response (WAC 296-824)


    • Likely to witness or discover a hazmat release

    • Training to make notifications to initiate a response

    • Take no further action

Training rule wac 296 824 300 awareness level
TRAINING RULEWAC 296-824-300Awareness Level

Understand what hazardous substances are and their associated risks.

Recognize the presence of hazardous substances in an emergency.

Can Identify the hazardous substances, when possible.

Training rule wac 296 824 300 awareness level1
TRAINING RULEWAC 296-824-300Awareness Level

  • Understand the role of a first responder at the awareness level as described in:

    • The employer’s emergency response plan, including site security and control.

    • The United States Department of Transportation’s Emergency Response Guidebook.

Training rule wac 296 824 300 awareness level2
TRAINING RULEWAC 296-824-300Awareness Level

Can use the USDOT’s Emergency Response Guidebook

Recognize the need for additional resources and the need to notify the incident’s communication center accordingly.

Wa l i hazmat training levels2
WA L&IHAZMAT Training Levels

Emergency Response (WAC 296-824)


    • Respond to HAZMAT releases

    • Defensive actions in order to:

      • Confine the release

      • Protect others

Training rule wac 296 824 300 operations level
TRAINING RULEWAC 296-824-300Operations Level


Know basic hazard and risk assessment techniques.

Can select and use personal protective equipment (PPE) appropriate for first responder operations level.

Understand basic hazardous materials terms.

Training rule wac 296 824 300 operations level1
TRAINING RULEWAC 296-824-300Operations Level

Can perform basic control, containment, and/or confinement operations within the capabilities of the resources and PPE available.

Can implement decontamination procedures at their level of training.

Wa l i hazmat training levels3
WA L&IHAZMAT Training Levels

Emergency Response (WAC 296-824)


    • Respond to HAZMAT releases

    • Offensive actions in order to:

      • Plug

      • Patch

      • Stop the release

First responder levels
First Responder Levels

  • Definition: Those persons who, in the course of normal duties, could be the first on the scene of an emergency involving hazmat.

  • Awareness: recognize the presence of hazardous materials, protect themselves, call for trained personnel, and secure the area.

  • Operations: Defensive measures, not offensive.

  • Technician: Offensive, hands-on measures.

Goal awareness level
Goal – Awareness Level

1) Analyze the incident to determine:

  • The HAZMAT present

  • Response Information for each hazmat

    2) Implement protective actions and notifications:

  • Local Emergency Response Plan

  • North American Emergency Response Guide

  • Employer SOPs


  • DOT Hazmat Definition:

    • A material that poses an unreasonable risk to the health and safety of people and theenvironment if not properly controlled during all uses.

Hazard classes divisions
Hazard Classes/Divisions

1) Explosive

2) Gases

3) Flammable Liquids

4) Flammable Solids

5) Oxidizers

6) Poison/Toxic/Infectious Substances

7) Radioactive

8) Corrosive

9) Miscellaneous


1.1 Mass Explosion Hazard

1.2 Projection Hazard

1.3 Predominantly Fire Hazard

1.4 No Significant Blast Hazard

1.5 Very Insensitive

1.6 Extremely Insensitive


2.1 Non Flammable/Non Toxic

2.2 Flammable Gases

2.3 Toxic

2.4 Corrosive Gases

Tacoma Propane Explosion - Video

Flammable liquids
Flammable Liquids

  • Flammable Liquids

    • Flash Point < 140 °F

  • Combustible Liquids

    • Flash Point > 140 °F

Flammable solids
Flammable Solids

4.1 Flammable Solids

4.2 Spontaneously Combustible

4.3 Dangerous When Wet

Oxidizers and organic peroxides
Oxidizers and Organic Peroxides

5.1 Oxidizers

5.2 Organic Peroxides

Poison toxic and infectious substances
Poison, Toxic and Infectious Substances

6.1 Toxic Materials

6.2 Infectious Substances


9.1 Miscellaneous Dangerous Goods

9.2 Environmentally Hazardous Substances

9.2 Dangerous Waste

Nfpa 704 diamond
NFPA 704 Diamond




Special Hazard

Acid, Alk, Cor,

Hazardous materials identification guide
Hazardous MaterialsIdentification Guide


  • Diamond-shaped (square on point)

  • 10 and 3/4 inches on a side

  • Located on all four sides of a vehicle

  • May also have ID # on a Panel



  • Similar to Hazard Class placards

  • May be more descriptive than placards

  • More labels than placards

  • Diamond-shaped

    • 4 inches on a side

    • Located on individual packages

Placards and labels
Placards and Labels


NAME or ID #



CLASS/ Division


Shipping papers
Shipping Papers

  • Must accompany hazmat shipments

  • Must include

    • Proper shipping name (approx. 3,000)

    • Use hazard class with NOS for all others

    • Hazard class and division

    • ID number

    • Quantity of material

    • Name of shipper

    • Must be printed in English

Shipping papers cont
Shipping Papers (cont.)

  • Highway

    • Bill of Lading

    • In cab of vehicle

    • Driver is responsible

  • Rail

    • Waybill or consist

    • With conductor or engineer who are responsible

    • Describes where HAZMAT are located

Shipping papers cont1
Shipping Papers (cont.)

  • Water

    • Dangerous Cargo Manifest

    • Near wheelhouse of a ship or in a pipe-like container on a barge

    • Captain or master is responsible

  • Air

    • Airbill

    • In cockpit

    • Pilot is responsible

Mclane black lake fire department annual hazmat refresher

Manufacturer and Identification

Hazardous Ingredients

Physical/Chemical Characteristics

Fire and Explosion Hazard

Reactivity Data

Health Hazard Data

Precautions for Safe Handling and Use

Control Measures

Material Safety Data SheetOSHA Hazard Communication Standard: Required for employers who use or store Hazmat.




Division of Emergency Management


EPA/U.S. Coast Guard

National Response Center


Mclane black lake fire department annual hazmat refresher

  • Approximately 3,600 chemicals separated into 62 guide sections

  • Developed for use by First Responders

    • Designed as an initial action guide

    • Guide hazards and recommendations are conservative (based on worst characteristics in the group)

Mclane black lake fire department annual hazmat refresher

Yellow PagesID Number

Blue PagesChemical Name

Orange PagesGuide Numbers

Green PagesInitial Isolation

Steps for using the erg
Steps for Using the ERG

1) Identify the material (name or ID#)

2) Look up the materials Guide Number

Guide Page may have ‘P’ – Polymerization Hazard

Entry may be highlighted – Toxic Inhalation Hazard or

Water Reactive w/TIH

proceed to green pages and begin protective action immediately

3) Turn to the Guide and read carefully

Poor or missing information
Poor or missing Information

If no information exists

- use Guide 111

If placard is visible

- use pages 16/17

If container type is known

- use pages 18/19

Initial isolation distances
Initial Isolation Distances

Small vs. Large Spills

One drum (55 gallons or 200 L)

Single small package or cylinder

Day vs. Night

Atmospheric stability

Guide terms
Guide Terms

  • Polar = Miscible

  • Non-Polar = Immiscible

  • Noxious

  • Unstable

  • Contamination Sensitive

  • Self-Reactive

  • Halogenated Solvents

Naerg exercise
NAERG Exercise

What is the Guide Page for acrolein?

What is the primary hazard to responders? Are structural firefighters clothing adequate protection from this hazard? Should you establish an initial isolation distance, and if so, how far? Are there any other hazards that responders should be aware of?

Naerg exercise1
NAERG Exercise

During the night, a neighborhood has been impacted by “ammonia” odors coming from a large tank (100 gallon) in a home suspected of being a drug lab. What are the primary hazards to responders? Should an isolation area be established, and if so, for how far? What would your isolation zone be shaped like?

Naerg exercise2
NAERG Exercise

You respond to a 10’x 40’ shed that is on fire. The owner is on scene and says that the shed contains power/lawn equipment and fuel and 20 five-gallon containers of a chemical called acetone cyanohydrin. What is the appropriate volume of water to apply to fight the fire.

Mclane black lake fire department annual hazmat refresher

  • Additional considerations

    • Wind direction and speed

    • Local population

    • Time of day

    • Surface area of spill

    • Weather conditions

    • Topography

Thurston county hazmat hot spots

Thurston County Hazmat Hot Spots

Data source
Data Source

  • EPCRA SARA Title III Tier II Reporting

  • Not Complete List – only > TPCs

  • Volume

  • Hazard

  • Mobility

Facilities with over 1 000 000 lbs propane
Facilities with over 1,000,000 lbs Propane

  • Ferrelgas, Maytown

  • ACME Fuel, Olympia

  • CENEX, Yelm

  • C&D Propane, Centralia

  • C&D Propane, Black LK Blvd.

  • LASCO Bathware, Yelm

  • Lots and lots of others < 1,000,000 lbs

Facilities with over 100 000 lbs oxygen
Facilities with over 100,000 lbs Oxygen

  • St. Peter’s Hospital, Olympia

  • Capital Medical Center, Olympia

  • DomseaBroodstock, Rochester

  • Mt. Rainier Clinic, Yelm

Facilities with over 10 000 lbs sulfuric acid
Facilities with over 10,000 lbs Sulfuric Acid

  • Target, Marvin Rd. 1,000,000 lbs

  • Crown Beverage, Fones Rd. 100,000 lbs

  • Qwest, Olympia 100,000 lbs

  • Lots of others <100,000 lbs

Conclusion questions concerns comments observations
ConclusionQuestions, concerns, comments, observations?