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Writing. Welcome to Lesson #17 Today you will learn: What is a summary. How to write a summary. Summarizing. Writing. Summarizing is using your own words to describe something. What is a summary. Using Your Own Words…. Using Your Own Words…. Writing. Summarizing Why do it?.

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writing

Writing

  • Welcome to Lesson #17
  • Today you will learn:
  • What is a summary.
  • How to write a summary.

Summarizing

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Writing

Summarizing is using your own words to describe something.

What is a summary

Using Your Own Words…

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Using Your Own Words…

Writing

SummarizingWhy do it?

What is a summary

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Using Your Own Words…

Writing

Writing a summary tests how well

you understand something you have read. It is a very effective way to help you learn. You will use this again and again as a student!

What is a summary

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Using Your Own Words…

Writing

Writing summaries helps you to communicate clearly. It tells the main idea and uses the key details to support the main idea. It helps the reader to understand important points communicated.

What is a summary

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Using Your Own Words…

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The Process…

Using the “MIDAS Touch!”

A strategy used to help you understand and remember important ideas.

What is a summary

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Writing

M Main idea:

Identify main idea from TOPIC SENTENCE

I Identify SUPPORTING DETAILS

Writing a 5 Sentence Paragraph

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D Disregard unimportant information

A Analyze information that is

repeated or unnecessary.

S Simplify important information in your own words or use bullets.

Writing

Writing a Summary

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Writing

The main idea is the most important information being shared. It is what it is MOSTLY about.

NOTE: Identify the Main

Idea for your summary!

Writing a 5 Sentence Paragraph

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Writing

Using basic signal words… to help identify the main idea:

WHO? (subject)

WHERE? (location)

WHAT? (action)

Writing a 5 Sentence Paragraph

WHEN?

(time)

WHY?

(reason)

HOW?

(process)

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Writing

Writing a Summary

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Writing

The TOPIC SENTENCE is usually the first sentence of the paragraph. It gives the reader an idea of what the paragraph is going to be about. 

Writing a Summary

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Writing

However, the TOPIC SENTENCE may not always be so clear, and it can come in the middle or end of a paragraph, not just its beginning. Pay close attention!

Writing a Summary

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Writing

Regardless, all TOPIC SENTENCES are supported by sentences that give details to develop the MAIN IDEA.

Writing a Summary

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Summarizing

Writing

Let’s practice

with a paragraph …

using the 1st paragraph of Chapter 17 in our novel.

Writing a Summary

writing a summary

Example of finding the Main Idea…

Chapter 17: Diamond Goes On

DIAMOND became a great favorite with all the men about the mews. Some may think it was not the best place in the world for him to be brought up in; but it must have been, for there he was. At first, he heard a good many rough and bad words; but he did not like them, and so they did him little harm. He did not

Writing a Summary

writing a summary1

The Main Idea…

know in the least what they meant, but there was something in the very sound of them, and in the tone of voice in which they were said, which Diamond felt to be ugly. So they did not even stick to him, not to say get inside him. He never took any notice of them, and his face shone pure and good in the middle of them, like a primrose in a hailstorm. At first,

Writing a Summary

writing a summary2

The Main Idea…

because his face was so quiet and sweet, with a smile always either awake or asleep in his eyes, and because he never heeded their ugly words and rough jokes, they said he wasn't all there, meaning that he was half an idiot, whereas he was a great deal more there than they had the sense to see. And before long the bad words found

Writing a Summary

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The Main Idea…

themselves ashamed to come out of the men's mouths when Diamond was near. The one would nudge the other to remind him that the boy was within hearing, and the words choked themselves before they got any farther. When they talked to him nicely he had always a good answer, sometimes a smart one, ready, and that helped much to make them change their minds about him.

writing a summary3

The Main Idea…

Words that are important to know:

“mews”: where he spent much time with other men.

What does it mean? This is an unusual word and important to understand the setting and context for this paragraph.

Look up words in a dictionary online if you can’t understand the word in context.

Writing a Summary

writing a summary4

The Main Idea…

  • From dictionary.com
  • mews, ( usually used with a singular verb) Chiefly British.
  • (formerly) an area of stables built around a small street
  • This makes sense to the story. Diamond is working with the other men in horse stables.

Writing a Summary

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Strategies to use:

1. Highlight the main idea in the paragraph. (I used bold font)

2. Cross out parts that are not

needed since it is repeated.

3. Underline sentences that support the main idea with details.

Writing

Writing a Summary

writing a summary5

Example of finding the Main Idea…

Chapter 17: Diamond Goes On

DIAMOND became a great favorite with all the men about the mews. Some may think it was not the best place in the world for him to be brought up in; but it must have been, for there he was. At first, he heard a good many rough and bad words; but he did not like them, and so they did him little harm. He did not

Writing a Summary

writing a summary6

The Main Idea…

know in the least what they meant, but there was something in the very sound of them, and in the tone of voice in which they were said, which Diamond felt to be ugly. So they did not even stick to him, not to say get inside him. He never took any notice of them, and his face shone pure and good in the middle of them, like a primrose in a hailstorm. At first,

Writing a Summary

slide25

The Main Idea…

because his face was so quiet and sweet, with a smile always either awake or asleep in his eyes, and because he never heeded their ugly words and rough jokes, they said he wasn't all there, meaning that he was half an idiot, whereas he was a great deal more there than they had the sense to see. And before long the bad words found

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The Main Idea…

themselves ashamed to come out of the men's mouths when Diamond was near. The one would nudge the other to remind him that the boy was within hearing, and the words choked themselves before they got any farther. When they talked to him nicely he had always a good answer, sometimes a smart one, ready, and that helped much to make them change their minds about him.

writing a summary7

Main idea and supporting details

The coachmen learned to respect Diamond and behaved better around him.

Writing a Summary

He was like a shining star he was so good.

The men

stopped

swearing.

They learned

that he was

smart and alert.

writing a summary8

Main idea and supporting details

Diamond made such an impression on the coachmen that they changed their behavior around him.

Writing a Summary

Concluding sentence

paragraph summary
Paragraph Summary…

The coachmen learned to respect Diamond and behaved better around him. He was like a shining star around them, always bright and smiling, doing the right thing. The men stopped swearing when they realized he was very aware of their ugly manner in speaking. He won their hearts.

writing a summary9
Writing a Summary…

Putting it into Practice

Read the Chapter 17, Diamond Goes On

Respond in your journal on the following:

What is the main idea of this chapter? (Make sure you support your opinion by using the text.)

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You will be writing a summary.

  • Follow the same process I modeled
  • for you:
  • a. Use the graphic organizer attached under this lesson.
  • Write the complete summary in
  • a paragraph format after you complete the graphic organizer.
  • (write it in your journal…)
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2. Edit your journal entry for

sentence structure and sentence

lengths.

√ Check over your punctuation and spelling.

√ Did you say what you wanted to say?

We will look at this closely in lesson 18.

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3. What connections did you make with this chapter? What questions do you have?

Share any of your connections or questions in the Discussion Forum with others taking this course! Enjoy sharing with each other.

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I look forward to teaching you how to edit and revise your writing in lesson 18. Until then, keep writing paragraphs! Remember to enjoy reading while you practice effective reading strategies!

Writing

Good-Bye, until next time!